Abington in Washington County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Most Colonial militia units were provided neither arms nor uniforms and had to equip themselves. Many simply wore their own farmersí or workmansí clothes, while others had buckskin hunting outfits. Some added Indian-style touches to intimidate the enemy, even including war-paint. Most used fowling pieces, hunting muskets, and rifles, which did not have bayonets. The colonial government did, however try to arm the minutemen with military quality muskets that were locally manufactured that used prepared paper cartridges instead of loose balls and powder horns and also used bayonets.
The title “minutemen” was formally adopted the year before the American Revolution started. At that time, in October of 1774, the Provincial Congress of Massachusetts voted to enroll 12,000 men under the title of Minutemen—volunteers who would be ready at a minuteís warning to take the field
After the Continental Congress authorized an Army under the command of George Washington, minutemen units eventually ceased to exist. Following the American independence, the authors of the Constitution empowered Congress to “provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining the militia,” thus creating the National Guard. Today, the National Guard of the United States is a joint reserve component of the United States Army and the United States Air Force. In 1903, important national defense legislation increased the role of the National Guard as a Reserve force for the U.S. Army. In World War I, the National Guard made up 40% of the U.S. combat divisions in France: in World War II, National Guard units were among the first to deploy overseas and the first to fight. The Guard stood on the frontiers of freedom during the Cold War; during the Vietnam War, almost 23,000 were called up for a year of active duty; some 8,700 were deployed to Vietnam. Over 75,000 were called upon to help bring a swift end to Desert Storm in 1991.
Today, the United States Reserve Forces Component includes both the U.S. Army Reserve and the Army National Guard. They have seen the nature of their Federal mission change, with more frequent call ups in response to crises in Haiti, Bosnia, Kosovo, Iraq, and Afghanistan. They have also been called up since September 11, 2001 to provide security at home and combat terrorism abroad. They both, however, maintain their status as “citizen soldiers” by sacrificing time with both family and employment to maintain the high combat standards of our active military. Tens of thousands of these citizen soldiers now serve around the globe in harmís way continuing the honorable tradition of their forefathers of the 1700s.
The modern day minutemen and women of the Reserve Forces Component, who today continue the historic mission of their predecessors, are providing men and women trained and equipped to protect life and property in our homeland while also defending the United States and itís interests all over the world.
Erected 2010 by Veterans Memorial Park Foundation of Abingdon/Washington County, Virginia, Inc.
Location. 36° 42.383′ N, 81° 58.579′ W. Marker is in Abington, Virginia, in Washington County. Marker is at the intersection of Cummings Street SW and Grove Terrace Drive SW, on the right when traveling south on Cummings Street SW. Touch for map. Marker is located in Veterans Memorial Park. Marker is at or near this postal address: 335 Cummings Street, Abingdon VA 24210, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. POW★MIA (here, next to this marker); Bronze "Yellow" Ribbon Monument (a few steps from this marker); Split Rail Fence & The American Chestnut (within shouting distance of this marker); Governor David Campbell (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); John Campbell (about 300 feet away); Abingdon in the Civil War (approx. ľ mile away); Boyhood Home of Gen. Joseph E. Johnston (approx. ľ mile away); Abingdon (approx. ľ mile away).
Categories. • Patriots & Patriotism • War, US Revolutionary •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on August 4, 2013, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. This page has been viewed 276 times since then and 17 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on August 4, 2013, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.