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Croom in Prince George's County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The War of 1812 and the Chesapeake Flotilla

 
 
The War of 1812 and the Chesapeake Flotilla Marker image. Click for full size.
By F. Robby, August 19, 2013
1. The War of 1812 and the Chesapeake Flotilla Marker
Inscription. British Attacks on the Patuxent
During the War of 1812, the British entered the Chesapeake Bay and threatened towns, plantations, and the cities of Washington and Baltimore. To counter this threat, Congress ordered the creation of the Chesapeake Flotilla under the command of Commodore Joshua Barney.

With 18 row barges and sail-powered gunboats, the Chesapeake Flotilla was a small force compared to the powerful British Navy. In its first battle in June 1814, the flotilla was forced to retreat and was trapped in St. Leonard's Creek on the lower Patuxent River. Finally after numerous skirmishes, Barney and his flotilla escaped and fled upriver. The British continued their assaults through the summer.

The Flames of War
On August 22, 1814, to avoid the capture of his flotilla, Barney set it aflame as British Rear Admiral George Cockburn watched from Mount Calvert. Barney and his men marched to Washington, collected reinforcements, and put up a heroic fight at the Battle of Bladensburg. The British prevailed and marched on to Washington where they burned the Capitol, White House, and other federal buildings.
 
Location. 38° 47.071′ N, 76° 42.913′ W. Marker is in Croom, Maryland, in Prince George's County. Marker can
The War of 1812 and the Chesapeake Flotilla Marker image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, December 26, 2014
2. The War of 1812 and the Chesapeake Flotilla Marker
be reached from Mount Calvert Road 0.4 miles east of McClure Road. Touch for map. Marker is in the Mount Calvert Historical and Archaeological Park, about 100 feet south of the parking area. Marker is in this post office area: Upper Marlboro MD 20772, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Chesapeake Beach Railway (here, next to this marker); Explosive Scene (a few steps from this marker); African-Americans at Mount Calvert (within shouting distance of this marker); Mount Calvert Manor (within shouting distance of this marker); Mount Calvert Federal Period Plantation House (within shouting distance of this marker); Billingsley's Point (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Mount Calvert, Early Town (about 400 feet away); Woodland Indians (about 400 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Croom.
 
Categories. War of 1812
 
Map of the Patuxent image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, December 26, 2014
3. Map of the Patuxent
Close-up of map on marker
The War of 1812 and the Chesapeake Flotilla Marker image. Click for full size.
By F. Robby, August 19, 2013
4. The War of 1812 and the Chesapeake Flotilla Marker
Looking north toward the plantation house.
Battle of St. Leonardís Creek, 10 June 1814 image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, December 26, 2014
5. Battle of St. Leonardís Creek, 10 June 1814
A Painting by Tom Freeman.
Close-up of image on marker
Joshua Barney image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, December 26, 2014
6. Joshua Barney
Close-up of image on marker
Rear Admiral Sir George Cockburn CGB image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, December 26, 2014
7. Rear Admiral Sir George Cockburn CGB
Close-up of image on marker
Sketch of Barney's Barge image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, December 26, 2014
8. Sketch of Barney's Barge
From Chesapeake Flotilla Report
Close-up of image on marker
Patuxent River image. Click for full size.
By F. Robby, August 19, 2013
9. Patuxent River
Just north of here is where Commodore Barney scuttled his flotilla to keep it out of the hands of the British.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on September 1, 2013, by F. Robby of Baltimore, Maryland. This page has been viewed 443 times since then and 36 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on September 1, 2013, by F. Robby of Baltimore, Maryland.   2, 3. submitted on February 6, 2015, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland.   4. submitted on September 1, 2013, by F. Robby of Baltimore, Maryland.   5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on February 6, 2015, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland.   9. submitted on September 1, 2013, by F. Robby of Baltimore, Maryland.
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