Columbia in Houston County, Alabama — The American South (East South Central)
Old Columbia Jail / Columbia
Old Columbia Jail
Erected sometime in the early 1860's, the Old Columbia Jail is today one of the last wooden jails still standing in Alabama. Originally, there were two cells, each measuring 10 x 15 feet. Interior walls are studded every two inches with iron spikes to prevent prisoners from being able to escape. The Columbia Women's Club and the Columbia Bicentennial Committee have completely renovated the building as a museum to preserve some of the articles of historical interest to Columbia citizens.
Formerly a prominent Chattahoochee River port-of-call, Columbia served as a major trading center for communities throughout the Wiregrass area of Alabama. Between 1822-1833, it was the county seat for Henry County which then comprised portions of present day Covington, Dale, Barbour, Coffee, Crenshaw, Bullock, Geneva and Houston Counties. At the turn of the century, Columbia was bypassed by the Alabama Midland Railway in favor of Dothan. As the railroads continued to take freight trade away from the riverboats, Columbia's position as a principal trade center began to decline.
Erected 1978 by the Historic Chattahoochee Commission.
Location. 31° Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 200 South Main Street, Columbia AL 36319, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within one mile of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Columbia, Alabama (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Columbia Methodist Episcopal Church, South (approx. 0.2 miles away); Columbia Baptist Church (approx. 0.2 miles away); Columbia Cemetery (approx. 0.2 miles away); Purcell - Killingsworth House (approx. 0.4 miles away); The Chacato People (approx. 1.1 miles away); Omussee Creek Mound and Mississippian Period Societies (approx. 1.1 miles away); Omussee Creek Mound and the Ancestors of the Creeks (approx. 1.1 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Columbia.
Related marker. Click here for another marker that is related to this marker.
Also see . . . Old Columbia Jail - Columbia, Alabama. (Submitted on May 2, 2014, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
Categories. • Industry & Commerce • Settlements & Settlers •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on May 2, 2014, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 338 times since then and 33 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on May 2, 2014, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.