Eglin Air Force Base in Walton County, Florida — The American South (South Atlantic)
The Doolittle Raid, U.S. Army Special Mission No. 1 of World War II, was a daring one-way mission of 16 B-25 Mitchell medium bombers with 80 aircrew, commanded by Lt Col James "Jimmy" Doolittle to carry out America's first offensive attack on Japan.
From Mar 9-25, 1942, the Raiders, assisted by Naval Air Station Pensacola, secretly trained at Eglin Main and Wagner Field, Eglin Aux Field No. 1. Personnel at Eglin Field also made extensive modifications to the aircraft.
On April 18, 1942, Doolittle's B-25s took off from the USS Hornet for their long overwater flight to Japan. After the attack, the Japanese captured eight crewmembers and executed three as war criminals. One died in captivity from sickness. In retaliation for aiding 65 Raiders to safety, the Japanese Army executed up to 250,000 Chinese. The Soviet Union interned one five-man crew after they landed their B-25 in Soviet territory.
The raid had little tactical impact, but it did significantly raise American morale in the dark days of early 1942 and led directly to the strategic American victory at the Battle of Midway, June 5-7, 1942. It also foreshadowed the Strategic Bombing Campaign of Japan, 1944-45.
Erected by U.S. Air Force.
Location. 30° Touch for map. This marker is located within the Eglin Air Force Reservation. Do not travel off Bob Sikes Road. Marker is at or near this postal address: Bob Sikes Road, Eglin AFB FL 32542, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 4 other markers are within 16 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Cosson Family Tragedy (approx. 11.2 miles away); EOD Memorial (approx. 12.6 miles away); Confederate Park (approx. 14.3 miles away); Eglin Air Force Base (approx. 15.7 miles away).
Related marker. Click here for another marker that is related to this marker.
Also see . . . Wikipedia entry about Wagner Field. (Submitted on November 7, 2014, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
Categories. • Air & Space • War, World II •
Credits. This page was last revised on July 22, 2018. This page originally submitted on November 7, 2014, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 463 times since then and 68 times this year. Last updated on November 9, 2014, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on October 4, 2015, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. 4, 5. submitted on November 7, 2014, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. • Syd Whittle was the editor who published this page.