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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Camp Pendleton in San Diego County, California — The American West (Pacific Coastal)
 

Las Flores Adobe

Built in 1868

 
 
Las Flores Adobe Marker image. Click for full size.
By Kevin W., March 7, 2015
1. Las Flores Adobe Marker
Inscription. This 6,000-square-foot ranch complex is C-shaped, with a carriage house at one end and a two-story building at the other. It is one of only a few authentic nineteenth-century adobe ranch houses of its kind—combining both Hacienda and Monterey architectural styles.

What is Monterey-style architecture?
Monterey-style buildings are two-story buildings with a porch across the front at the second story.

What is Hacienda-style architecture?
Hacienda-style buildings are one story, with rooms arranged in a row and doors opening onto a covered porch.

The original construction was mainly adobe with rubble-stone footings. The walls had lime plaster exteriors and earthen plaster interiors witha lime whitewash. The two-story portion had 36"-thick exterior walls and 24"-thick interior walls. Wood timbers supported the second floor and roof, and the floors were made of wood.

What is adobe?
Adobe bricks are made of mud and straw. The mix is put into molds made of wood, and the bricks are dried in the sun.

What is lime?
Lime is made from shells or limestone, and is used in mortar, plaster, and whitewash.

1862 - John Forster obtains deed to Rancho Santa Margarita y Las Flores from his brother-in-law, Pio Pico.
1868
Las Flores Adobe National Historic Landmark Plaque image. Click for full size.
By Kevin W., March 7, 2015
2. Las Flores Adobe National Historic Landmark Plaque
- Las Flores Adobe is built by Marcus Forster, son of John.
1869 - Las Flores becomes a stage coach stop.
1882 - Rancho Santa Margarita y Las Flores is sold to James C. Flood of San Francisco after the death of Forster and his wife.
1888 - Las Flores Adobe and 1,500 acres are leased to the Magee Family as tenant farmers.
1947 - U.S. government acquires the land to establish Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton.
1968 - Ruth Magee, last resident of Las Flores, dies.
2000 - Adobe is restored by Camp Pendleton and the National Park Service.

Restoration of the Rancho Las Flores Abandoned since the 1960s, the ranch house and adjacent farm structures had slowly fallen into disrepair. Camp Pendleton and the National Park Service began an active restoration project in 2000.

The deterioration was reversed, and the structure was stabilized and seismically retrofitted to protect it from earthquakes.

Adjacent marker
The Last 12,000 Years

Prehistory
Native American Period
12,000 Years Ago
Native Americans in southern California
It is not known when the first people arrived in this area, but archaeological evidence goes back at least 12,000 years in southern California.

8,000 Years Ago
Native
Adjacent "The Last 12,000 Years" Marker image. Click for full size.
By Kevin W., March 7, 2015
3. Adjacent "The Last 12,000 Years" Marker
Americans living along Las Flores Creek
For thousands of years Native American hunter-gatherers have lived here—through major environmental changes including climate warming and rising sea levels at the end of the last ice age.

1,500 Years Ago
Bow and arrow being used.

1,000 Years Ago
Ceramics being made.

History
Mexican and Spanish Period
1769
The first Spanish enter the valley.
The Spanish expedition led by Portola in 1769 encountered Native Americans at the village of Uchme here at Las Flores Creek.
At that time 5,000 - 10,000 Luiseño and Juaneño people lived in a 1,500 square-mile area.

1776
San Juan Capistrano is founded.
The founding of the missions and presidios was the beginning of Spanish political and military control over the Native Americans in the area.
The first Spanish in the area were mainly priests and soldiers.

1821
Mexico gains independence from Spain.
After Mexican independence, Spanish mission lands were divided up into land grants for ranching.
Most of the Native inhabitants were forced to leave by the 1840s.

American Period
1847
United States takes control of southern California.
After the United States took control of the area, cattle ranching declined and commercial farming
Closeup of photograph on the Las Flores Adobe Marker image. Click for full size.
By Kevin W., March 7, 2015
4. Closeup of photograph on the Las Flores Adobe Marker
flourished.

1942
Camp Pendleton is established.
Now the local economy revolves around the military. Many Americans first visit the Las Flores area as soldiers in the United States Marine Corps.

Today, the Luiseño people number more than 3,000 who are enrolled at six independent reservations covering less than 70 square miles in Sand Diego and Riverside counties. The Juaneño people have no reservation.
 
Erected by Marine Corps Base, Camp Pendleton, National Park Service, California Office of Historic Preservation, San Diego County Community Enhancement Program, University of Vermont, Camp Pendleton Historical Society, Rancho Santa Margarita y Las Flores Docents, Camp Pendleton Officers' Wives' Club.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the National Historic Landmarks marker series.
 
Location. 33° 17.992′ N, 117° 27.402′ W. Marker is in Camp Pendleton, California, in San Diego County. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Camp Pendleton CA 92055, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 9 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Las Flores Asistencia (approx. ¼ mile away); El Camino Real Bell (approx. 5.8 miles away); Retreat Hell!
Closeup of photograph on the Las Flores Adobe Marker image. Click for full size.
By Kevin W., March 7, 2015
5. Closeup of photograph on the Las Flores Adobe Marker
(approx. 6.4 miles away); Boys of '45 (approx. 6½ miles away); Alligator Marines (approx. 6.6 miles away); Santa Margarita Ranch (approx. 6.7 miles away); Remember Pearl Harbor (approx. 7.3 miles away); Andrew Jackson Myers (approx. 8.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Camp Pendleton.
 
Categories. Churches & ReligionSettlements & Settlers
 
Closeup of photograph on the Las Flores Adobe Marker image. Click for full size.
By Kevin W., March 7, 2015
6. Closeup of photograph on the Las Flores Adobe Marker
Las Flores Adobe prior to its restoration image. Click for full size.
By Kevin W., March 7, 2015
7. Las Flores Adobe prior to its restoration
Closeup of photograph on the marker.
Closeup of photograph on the Las Flores Adobe Marker image. Click for full size.
By Kevin W., March 7, 2015
8. Closeup of photograph on the Las Flores Adobe Marker
Hacienda-style section of the Las Flores Adobe image. Click for full size.
By Kevin W., March 7, 2015
9. Hacienda-style section of the Las Flores Adobe
Stone in the foreground hosts the Registered National Historic Landmark plaque.
Exterior hallway looking toward the Hacienda-style section of the Las Flores Adobe image. Click for full size.
By Kevin W., March 7, 2015
10. Exterior hallway looking toward the Hacienda-style section of the Las Flores Adobe
Monterey-style section of the Las Flores Adobe image. Click for full size.
By Kevin W., March 7, 2015
11. Monterey-style section of the Las Flores Adobe
Note the second floor balcony.
Monterey-style section of the Las Flores Adobe (rear view) image. Click for full size.
By Kevin W., March 7, 2015
12. Monterey-style section of the Las Flores Adobe (rear view)
Note the second floor balcony extends all the way around this end of the adobe.
Restoration of the Las Flores Adobe contributors image. Click for full size.
By Kevin W., March 7, 2015
13. Restoration of the Las Flores Adobe contributors
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on March 9, 2015, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia. This page has been viewed 227 times since then and 41 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13. submitted on March 9, 2015, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia.
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