Monterey in Monterey County, California — The American West (Pacific Coastal)
Registered June 1, 1932
National historic landmark designated 1960
Erected 2014 by Native Sons of the Golden West and the California State Parks Foundation. (Marker Number 1.)
Marker series. This marker is included in the National Historic Landmarks marker series.
Location. 36° 36.205′ N, 121° 53.608′ W. Marker is in Monterey, California, in Monterey County. Marker is on Olivier Street. Touch for map. The Custom House is on the edge of the plaza near Fisherman's Wharf. This part of Olivier Street is closed
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Site of Original Flagstaff (a few steps from this marker); a different marker also named The Custom House (a few steps from this marker); Sloat's Landing (a few steps from this marker); Monterey Custom House (within shouting distance of this marker); Old Fisherman's Wharf (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Custom House (within shouting distance of this marker); Monterey Customhouse (within shouting distance of this marker); John “Bricky” Crivello (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Monterey.
Regarding Custom House.
Plaque Rededication/Ribbon Cutting
Remarks: Amy H. Crain, State Historian II
Office of Historic Preservation, California State Parks
Sunday, October 5, 2014
The California Historical Landmarks Program is the oldest of California’s three registration programs, created in 1931. The very first Landmark, the Custom House, was
In addition to the Custom House, this included updates to California Historical Landmarks Number
• 179, Castro-Breen Adobe and 180, Plaza Hotel, in San Benito County
• 210, Camilo-Ynitia Adobe, in Marin County
• 368, Reid-Baldwin Adobe, in Los Angeles County, and
• 390, Bridgeport Historic District, in Nevada County
New California Historical Landmarks began with Number 1050, Crystal Cove Historic District in Orange County, approved in November and dedicated in January, followed by
• 1051, Mountain Quarries Railroad Bridge, in El Dorado and Placer Counties
• 1052, Asilomar,
• 1053, Sierra Railway Shops, in Tuolumne County, and
• 1054, Tomo-Kahni, in Kern County
A property must meet at least one of the registration criteria. It must be:
• The first, last, only, or most significant historical property of its type in the region: Southern, Central, and Northern California.
• Associated with an individual or group having a profound influence on the history of California.
• Or notable for its architecture or design
The original nomination for the Custom House recognized the resource for its role in Commodore John D. Sloat’s proclamation of California as part of the United States.
When the Custom House was identified as one of the Parks’ California Historical Landmarks to be updated, I volunteered, because this building represents a personal landmark, a turning point, and the start of a journey that brought me back to Monterey today. Twenty years ago, my husband and I saw each other, without meeting, in the Custom House during Christmas in the Adobes. Steven was a member of the Alta California Dance Company, performing the annual holiday fandango. I was invited to join the dance company, and started rehearsals one week after Steven had knee surgery. We finally met ten months after the fandango. It was at a Monterey State Historic Park event across the plaza in the Memory Garden behind Pacific House,
From State Historic Park volunteer to State Park Historian, it was my honor and privilege to update the Custom House California Historical Landmark nomination, to document the building’s significance as a physical representation of an important phase in the history of California and the United States, a period of great transition. The building played a critical role in the functioning of the Mexican government, as duties from foreign commerce were the prime source of revenue. It was the site of the official takeover of California by the U.S. military in 1846, and remained an important building during the transition to American rule.
Though its importance waned following the Gold Rush and the later moving of customs activities to San Francisco, the building became a symbol of an earlier age.
The Custom House was a catalyst in the preservation movement of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, led by groups such as the Native Sons of the Golden West.
Categories. • Notable Buildings •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on October 6, 2014, by James King of San Miguel, California. This page has been viewed 385 times since then and 45 times this year. Last updated on April 6, 2015, by James King of San Miguel, California. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on October 6, 2014, by James King of San Miguel, California. 4. submitted on December 2, 2014, by James King of San Miguel, California. 5, 6. submitted on October 6, 2014, by James King of San Miguel, California. 7. submitted on December 2, 2014, by James King of San Miguel, California. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.