Lacolle in Haut-Richelieu MRC, Quebec — French Canadian Region
Blockhaus de la Rivière-Lacolle
The Lacolle River Blockhouse
The Lacolle River Blockhouse
Back in the XVIII Century …
In Canada, blockhouses first appeared in Acadia around 1750, at the time of the British conquest. The Lacolle River blockhouse, built in 1781, was part of the colony’s defence network, and served as an outpost for British soldiers on missions in the Upper-Richelieu region. It was abandoned after a peace treaty was signed on December 24, 1814, by the United States and Great Britain, and today is the only blockhouse still remaining in Québec.
The word “blockhouse” is derived from the German “blockhaus”, meaning house that blocks the way. It served primarily as a rapid defence mechanism for strategic sites. This building has two stories, the second of which is corbelled. The walls have musket loops and, on the upper floor, embrasures for cannons. It was, however, built of wood, a material that was cheap and readily available on the site. The result was a high risk of fire and very poor resistance to artillery attacks.
Le Blockhaus de la Rivière-Lacolle
Dès le XVIIIᵉ siècle …
Au Canada, les blockhaus firent leur apparition en Acadie vers 1750, à l’époque de sa conquête par l’armée britannique. Construit en 1781, le Blockhaus
Poste de défense
De langue allemande, le mot «blockhaus» signifie maison qui bloque le passage. Il servait avant tout à la defense rapide de lieux stratégiques. Ce bâtiment compte deux niveaux dont le second est en encorbellement. Les murs sont percés de meurtrières et, à l’étage, d’embrasures pour les canons. Sa construction en bois, un matériau bon marché déjà sur place, présentait toutefois un fort danger d’incendie et peu de résistance au tir d’artillerie
Erected by Municipalité de Saint-Paul-de l’Île-aux-Noix & Ministère de la Culture et des Communications.
Location. 45° 4.166′ N, 73° 20.537′ W. Marker is in Lacolle, Quebec, in Haut-Richelieu MRC. Marker is on Montée Bowman just from Rue Principale (Quebec Route 223). Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1 Montée Bowman, Lacolle, Quebec J0J 1J0, Canada.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 10 kilometers of this marker, measured as the crow flies. A different marker also named Blockhaus de la Rivière-Lacolle Bataille du Moulin de Lacolle / Battle of the Lacolle Mill (about 240 meters away, measured in a direct line); Caldwell Manor (approx. 3.5 kilometers away); La Bataille d’Odelltown / Battle of Odelltown (approx. 4.6 kilometers away); Fort Montgomery (approx. 7.8 kilometers away in the U.S.); The Royal Navy (approx. 8.1 kilometers away); Fort Lennox (approx. 8.3 kilometers away); Chantier Naval de Île-aux-Noix (approx. 8.6 kilometers away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Lacolle.
More about this marker. This marker is near the parking lot.
Categories. • Forts, Castles • War of 1812 •
Credits. This page was last revised on October 31, 2017. This page originally submitted on March 30, 2015, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 238 times since then and 24 times this year. Last updated on April 28, 2015, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on March 30, 2015, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.