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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Selçuk in Selçuk District, Izmir Province, Turkey
 

Tetragonos Agora - The Commercial Market

Tetragonos Agora - Ticari Pazar Yeri

 

—Die Tetragonos Agora - Der Handelsmarkt —

 
Tetragonos Agora - The Commercial Market Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, May 2, 2015
1. Tetragonos Agora - The Commercial Market Marker
Captions (English / Turkish): 1. Ground plan of the Agora (1st half of the 1st century A.D.) / Agornin (İ.S. 1. yüzyilin 1. yarisi); 2. View of the Agora from the east (2009) / Agora - doǧudan basiş (2009); 3. View of the section of the Hellenistic west Stoa (ca. 270 B.C.) / Hellenistik Bati Stoa'nin (yaklaşik İ.Ö. 270 bir question bakiş; 4. West Gate, reconstruction of George Niemann / Bati Kapisi, George Nieman'in rekonstrüksiyonu.
Inscription. English:
The Commercial Market was already founded in the 3rd century B.C. Its visible form goes back to an expansion under Emperor Augustus (27 B.C. - A.D. 14) into a square ensemble (side lengths 154 m) with three gates in the north, west and south, a central courtyard (side length 112 m) enclosed on all sides by two-aisled, two-storey halls with business and administrative offices. To the east, on the `Marble Street', a two-aisled Doric basilica was built in the upper storey of the Agora during Emperor Nero's reign (A.D. 54-68); this probably functioned as a justice court. After a devastating earthquake at the end of the 4th century A.D., a completely new renovation took place of all the main structural elements of the Agora, using architectural pieces from throughout Ephesos. In the 6th century A.D., the northern hall received tremendous retaining wall, instead of its rear rooms, against the artificial hill lying behind it (today the headquarters of the gendarmerie barracks).

Turkish:
Ticari pazar yeri (agora) İ.Ö. 3. yüzyılda çoktan kurulmuştu. Görünen şekli, imparator Augustus (İ.Ö. 27 - İ.S. 14) Dönemi'ndeki genişletmeye kadar geri gider, bu dönemde, kuzeyde, batıda ve güneyde olmak üzere üç büyük kapısı olan kare biçiminde bir yapı grubu (uzunluğu
Tetragonos Agora - The Commercial Market Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, May 2, 2015
2. Tetragonos Agora - The Commercial Market Marker
154 m), merkezi bir avlu (uzunluğu 112 m) ve bu avluyu dört tarafından çevreleyen iki nefli, iki katlı dükkan ve iş yerlerinin bulunduğu stoalar yapılmıştır. Doğuda, 'Mermer Cadde'de İmparator Neron (İ.S. 54-68) döneminde agoranın üst katında, olasılıkla mahkeme binası olarak hizmet veren Dor üslubunda iki nefli bir bazilika inşaa edilmiştir. Şiddetli bir depremin ardından, İ.S. 4. yüzyılın sonunda agora, temellerinin üzerine Efes'te elde bulunan mimari parçalar kullanılarak yeniden yapılmıştır. İ.S. 6. yüzyılda kuzey galerideki odaların yerine, bunların arkasında yer alan, suni bir tepeciğe karşı büyük bir istinat duvarı yapılmıştır (günümüzde jandarma kışla merkezi).

German: To read the German text, click on the marker image to enlarge it.
 
Erected by Kültür ve Turizm Bakanlıǧı and Osterreichisches Archaologisches Institut.
 
Location. 37° 56.374′ N, 27° 20.47′ E. Marker is near Selçuk, Izmir Province, in Selçuk District. Marker can be reached from Efes Yolu just from Dr. Sabri Yayla Boulevard (Izmir Province
Tetragonos Agora - The Commercial Market image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, May 2, 2015
3. Tetragonos Agora - The Commercial Market
Route D515). Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Selçuk, Izmir Province 35920, Turkey.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Celsus Library (within shouting distance of this marker in İzmir); The So-Called House of Pleasure (within shouting distance of this marker); The Latrine (about 90 meters away, measured in a direct line); Terrace House 2 (about 120 meters away); The Hellenistic Fountain and the Hexagon (about 120 meters away); The Temple of Hadrian (about 120 meters away); Peristyle Courtyard of Dwelling Unit 6 (about 150 meters away); The So-Called Alytarchs' Stoa (about 150 meters away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Selçuk.
 
More about this marker. This marker is on the grounds of the ruins of the Roman city of Ephesus (Efes).
 
Categories. Industry & CommerceSettlements & Settlers
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on June 14, 2015, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 287 times since then and 46 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on June 14, 2015, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.
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