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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Krinides in Kavala Regional Unit, Eastern Macedonia and Thrace Region, Greece
 

Annexes to Octagon at Philippi

 
 
Annexes to Octagon at Philippi Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 16, 2015
1. Annexes to Octagon at Philippi Marker
Inscription. North of the octagonal church, and with the Hellenistic tomb-heroon continuing to function as nucleus, the spaces of prothesis, diakonikon, phiale and baptistery were developed. The later consisted of apodyterium, catechumena, baptistery and chrismarion. As a natural continuation, during the Christian period the heroon was transformed into a place of worship of an unknown martyr or even the Apostle Paul himself.

Further north, on the via Egnatia, the transition to the balneum (baths), first built during the Augustan age (31 BC - 14 AD), when the colony of Philippi was refounded, was provided via a stoa; the baths continued in operation until the 7th century AD. The north wing of the complex contained the porter's lodge, the oiling-room, the cold water reservoir with its tubs, and the latrines. At the center of the complex was a palaistra with an exercise area surrounded on three sides by a stoa. The eastern wing contained changing rooms and the cold bathing room (frigidarium); the southern wing was taken up by the medium-temperature room (tepidarium) and the hot room (caldarium) with its furnace (praefurnium). During the Early Christian era, the bath furnished the baptistery with hot water.

East of the baths, between two side streets, there rose atop an underlying
Annexes to Octagon at Philippi Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 16, 2015
2. Annexes to Octagon at Philippi Marker
Close-up view, that is displayed on the marker, of an illustration, showing how the floor plan of the Octagon complex appeared.
Roman building an imposing secular complex with four wings of apartments surrounding a closed atrium. This complex has been identified as the bishop's residence. The southern and western wings of the edifice had upper stories with luxurious decoration which served as the residential and official reception rooms, probably in the form of a triclinium, while the rooms below had hearths, a fountain, wine-press, and large storage jars. The one-story eastern wing contained storerooms and workshops, and in the northern wing there were places for the personnel to live and work arranged around a small courtyard.

In the Octagon complex, some spaces were found to have continued in life and use immediately after its destruction by earthquake in the early 7th century.
 
Location. 41° 0.696′ N, 24° 17.081′ E. Marker is near Krinides, Eastern Macedonia and Thrace Region, in Kavala Regional Unit. Marker can be reached from Agiou Christoforou west of Filippou, on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. This marker is located in the archaeological park, on the other side of the modern day roadway that cuts through the park, in the area of the park east of where the Roman forum is located. Marker is in this post office area: Krinides, Eastern Macedonia and Thrace Region 640 03, Greece.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers
Annexes to Octagon at Philippi Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 16, 2015
3. Annexes to Octagon at Philippi Marker
Close-up view, that is displayed on the marker, of an illustration, showing a reconstruction of the balneum (baths).
are within 14 kilometers of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Octagon at Philippi (within shouting distance of this marker); Christian Philippi (about 90 meters away, measured in a direct line); Basilica (about 120 meters away); Ancient Theater (approx. 0.2 kilometers away); Philippi (approx. 0.3 kilometers away); Archeological Area Filippi (approx. 0.4 kilometers away); Black Sea - Silk Road (approx. 11.4 kilometers away); Neapolis-Christoupolis-Kavala (7th C.BC. - 20th C.AD.) (approx. 13.7 kilometers away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Krinides.
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. To better understand the relationship, study each marker in the order shown.
 
Categories. Notable Places
 
Annexes to Octagon at Philippi Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 16, 2015
4. Annexes to Octagon at Philippi Marker
Close-up view, that is displayed on the marker, of a photograph, showing the cruciform font from the baptistery.
Annexes to Octagon at Philippi Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 16, 2015
5. Annexes to Octagon at Philippi Marker
View of the marker overlooking the ruins of the Octagon complex.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on June 29, 2015, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 280 times since then and 36 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on June 29, 2015, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.
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