Istanbul in Fatih district, Istanbul Province, Turkey
Marmara Land Walls (Theodosian Walls)
Marmara Kara Surları
They are the defensive structures, 7620 m in length, built by the decree of the Emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire Theodosios II (408- 450), to protect Constantinople from hostile attacks. The walls border the peninsula on the West (in the land direction) and starting from the Marmara Sea on the South, extend to the Golden Horn on the North. Land walls are constructed in a three layer defense system which consists of the main wall built on natural topographical curves, front walls and the moats. After the Emperor Constantine the Great reconstructed Byzantium as the Eastern administrative center of the Roman Empire with the name Constantinople/Nova Roma in the IV. century, the city population boomed and Constantinople grew out of the Walls of Constantine in the beginning of the 5th century. Emperor Theodosius moved the city borders to the West, to include the newly formed neighborhoods.The main walls, 5700 m in length, protected by 96 towers, built in the first half of the 5th century, front wall line and the moats which were added later form the defensive system. The three layered defensive system, Theodosius Walls extend until the Palace of the Porphyrogenitus. The walls which protect the Ayvansaray neighborhood in the area from the Palace of the Porphyrogenitus, to the Golden Horn are built in the periods
Konstantiopolis'i düşman saldırılarından korumak için Doǧu Roma İmparatoru II. Theodosios'un (408- 450) yaptırdığı 7620 m uzunluǧundaki savunma yapısıdır. Surla; yarımadayı batıda (kara yönünde) sınırlayan ve güneyde Marmara Denizi'nden başlayıp kuzeyde Haliç'e kadar uzanan surları, yakın çevresini içermektedir. Kara surları, doğal topografik eğriler üzerinde yer alan ana sur, ön sur ve hendekten meydana gele üçlü savunma sisteminden oluşmaktadır. lV. yüzyılda Imparator Konstantinus'un Bizantion kentini Konstantinopolis/Nea Roma adıyla Roma İmparatorluğu'nun doğudaki idari merkezi olarak yeniden inşa ettikten sonra kentin nüfusu hızla artmış ve 5. yüzyıl başında Konstantinus surlarının dışına taşmıştır. İmparator Theododius,
Arabic: To read the Arabic text, click on the Arabic image to enlarge it.
Erected by Istanbul Büyükşehir Belediyesi (Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality)
Location. 41° 0.246′ N, 28° 58.939′ E. Marker is in Istanbul, Istanbul Province, in Fatih district. Marker is on Kennedy Caddesi just from Ahırkapı Caddesi. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Istanbul, Istanbul Province 3, Turkey.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Admiral Hayrettin (within shouting distance of this marker); Haseki Hurrem Bathhouse (approx. 0.4 kilometers away); The Fountain of Ahmed III (approx. half a kilometer away); Kapi Agasi Mahmud Aga Mosque (approx. half a kilometer away); The Türbe (Tomb) of Sultan Mehmed III (approx. half a kilometer away); Topkapi Palace (approx. half a kilometer away); The Türbe (Tomb) of Sultan Selim II (approx. half a kilometer away); Mausoleum of Sultan Ahmed I (approx. half a kilometer away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Istanbul.
Also see . . . Walls of Constantinople - Wikipedia. Initially built by Constantine the Great, the walls surrounded the new city on all sides, protecting it against attack from both sea and land. As the city grew, the famous double line of the Theodosian Walls was built in the 5th century. Although the other sections of the walls were less elaborate, when well-manned, they were almost impregnable for any medieval besieger, (Submitted on June 29, 2015, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.)
Categories. • Forts, Castles •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on June 29, 2015, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 194 times since then and 27 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on June 29, 2015, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. 6. submitted on July 15, 2015. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.