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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Athens in Central Athens Regional Unit, Attica Region, Greece
 

A. The Sanctuary of Artemis Brauronia, B. The Chalkotheke

 
 
A. The Sanctuary of Artemis Brauronia, B. The Chalkotheke Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 22, 2015
1. A. The Sanctuary of Artemis Brauronia, B. The Chalkotheke Marker
Inscription. English Text:

A. The sanctuary of Artemis Brauronia
After passing through the Propylaia, the sanctuary of Artemis Brauronia, the so-called Brauronion, lies to the right of the processional way of the Acropolis. It was associated with the early sanctuary of Artemis in Brauron, a coastal town in eastern Attica. Artemis was worshipped as the goddess of nature and hunting, and she was the protector of girls, expecting mothers and women with newborn babies.

It is believed that the cult of Artemis was established on the Acropolis in the 6th century B.C. by the tyrant Peisistratos who originated from Brauron. No architectural remains of the early sanctuary have been found, but the cult of Artemis is attested by terracotta figurines and sculptures.

The architectural remains of the sanctuary are limited to parts of walls and beddings cut in the rock which belong to the 5th century B.C. shrine that was fully formed in the time of Perikles (around 430 B.C.). The sanctuary was defined at the west by a part of the Mycenaean fortification wall of the Acropolis (late 13th century B.C.), at the south by the 5th century B.C. circuit wall and on the other sides by a built precinct. The perpendicularly cut bedrock formed the lower part of the north precinct wall. The Brauronion included two
A. The Sanctuary of Artemis Brauronia, B. The Chalkotheke Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 22, 2015
2. A. The Sanctuary of Artemis Brauronia, B. The Chalkotheke Marker
Close-up view, that is displayed on the marker, of an illustration, showing the sanctuary plan of Artemis Brauronia and the proposed site of the temple.
porticos, one on the south and one on the east side, whereas the entrance with a flight of rock-cut steps was at the northeast. According to recent studies, a small temple which housed the cult statue of the goddess, was presumably located in the west part of the sanctuary, along with an altar. Pausanias, the 2nd century A.D. traveler, saw in the sanctuary a statue of Artemis, made by Praxiteles, the renowned sculptor of the 4th century B.C. The colossal female head found in the area, belongs to this cult statue and it is exhibited in the Acropolis Museum.

B. The Chalkotheke
Attached to the east side of the sanctuary of Artemis Brauronia lies the foundation of the Chalkotheke, a large rectangular building (43 x 20 meters) with a Doric portico along the facade which was erected soon after 400 B.C. According to the ancient inscriptions it housed mainly bronze vessels and utensils used in religious processions, as well as weaponry.
 
Location. 37° 58.297′ N, 23° 43.54′ E. Marker is in Athens, Attica Region, in Central Athens Regional Unit. Marker can be reached from Theorias Street north of Dionysiou Areopagitou Street, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. This marker is part of the archaeological park that is located at the Acropolis of
A. The Sanctuary of Artemis Brauronia, B. The Chalkotheke Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 22, 2015
3. A. The Sanctuary of Artemis Brauronia, B. The Chalkotheke Marker
Close-up view, that is displayed on the marker, of an illustration, showing the reconstruction of the porticos in the sanctuary of Artemis Brauronia, according to earlier studies.
Athens, and is one of the early markers that visitors encounter in the space between the Propylaia and the Parthenon. Marker is in this post office area: Athens, Attica Region 21 0321 417, Greece.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 7 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A. The Propylaia, B. The Shrine of Athena Hygieia and Hygieia (a few steps from this marker); The Statue of Athena Promachos (a few steps from this marker); The Parthenon (within shouting distance of this marker); The "Old Temple" of Athena (within shouting distance of this marker); The Erechtheion (about 90 meters away, measured in a direct line); Areopagus Hill (about 180 meters away in Attica Periphery); The Acropolis of Athens (about 180 meters away in Attica Periphery).
 
Categories. Notable Places
 
A. The Sanctuary of Artemis Brauronia, B. The Chalkotheke Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 22, 2015
4. A. The Sanctuary of Artemis Brauronia, B. The Chalkotheke Marker
Close-up view, that is displayed on the marker, of a photo, showing the colossal head of the cult statue of Artemis Brauronia, which was the work of Praxiteles, 330 B.C.
A. The Sanctuary of Artemis Brauronia, B. The Chalkotheke Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 22, 2015
5. A. The Sanctuary of Artemis Brauronia, B. The Chalkotheke Marker
Close-up view, that is displayed on the marker, of an illustration, showing the restored plan and section of the Chalkotheke.
A. The Sanctuary of Artemis Brauronia, B. The Chalkotheke Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 22, 2015
6. A. The Sanctuary of Artemis Brauronia, B. The Chalkotheke Marker
Close-up view, that is displayed on the marker, of an Orthophotomosaic, showing where the Acropolis visitor is in relation to the ruins of the archaeological park, while standing in front of the marker.
A. The Sanctuary of Artemis Brauronia, B. The Chalkotheke Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 22, 2015
7. A. The Sanctuary of Artemis Brauronia, B. The Chalkotheke Marker
View of a group of visitors to the Acropolis, clustered around the marker, just beyond the Propylaia.
A. The Sanctuary of Artemis Brauronia, B. The Chalkotheke Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 22, 2015
8. A. The Sanctuary of Artemis Brauronia, B. The Chalkotheke Marker
A more distant view of a group of visitors to the Acropolis, clustered around the marker, just beyond the Propylaia.
A. The Sanctuary of Artemis Brauronia, B. The Chalkotheke Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 22, 2015
9. A. The Sanctuary of Artemis Brauronia, B. The Chalkotheke Marker
View of a group of visitors to the Acropolis, standing in front of the marker, just before the Parthenon.
A. The Sanctuary of Artemis Brauronia, B. The Chalkotheke Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 22, 2015
10. A. The Sanctuary of Artemis Brauronia, B. The Chalkotheke Marker
A more distant view of a group of visitors to the Acropolis, standing in front of the marker, just before the Parthenon.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 9, 2015, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 315 times since then and 69 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10. submitted on July 9, 2015, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.
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