Stirling in Stirlingshire, Scotland, United Kingdom
National Wallace Monument
Sir William Wallace
Wallace was born in Elderslie in Renfrewshire around 1270, during the reign of Alexander III of Scotland. Wallace did not come from an aristocratic family which is significant for the man that was to become Guardian of Scotland. It may also explain why, unlike the great Scottish nobles, he did not sign the 'Ragman Roll' pledging support of Edward I following the defeat of the Scottish army at Dunbar in 1296.
In the spring of 1297, in revenge for the murder of his wife, Wallace murdered William Heselrig, Sherriff of Lanark, and was consequently declared an outlaw and hunted by the English.
Wallace's tactics were those of guerilla warfare with his force attacking in the south, while Moray harried the English in the north.
At the Battle of Stirling Bridge, Wallace took advantage of the topography of the land, defeating the superior force of the English Knights by drawing them into the quagmire of the Bridge Haugh. The arrogance of the English
Wallace's victory at Stirling Bridge was shortlived with the English soon retaliating; though he continued to be a thorn in Edward's flesh, until his capture in 1305 following betrayal by the Sheriff of Dumbarton. He died a violent death in a public execution on the 23 August 1305 in London, being hung drawn and quartered.
The Scottish struggle for independence was taken up by Robert the Bruce who was crowned King of Scots in 1306, and led the Scots to victory against Edward II at the Battle of Bannockburn in 1314.
Wallace forged the notion of freedom and independence for all Scots, prizing that above all riches, and while we must not forget that he was a man of violence in violent times, he still deserves the rank of Scotland's National Hero.
The story of the Wars of Independence, the Battle of Stirling Bridge and Wallace are told in exciting Audio Visual presentations on the First Floor where you can also view Wallace's Battle Sword.
Erected by National Wallace Monument.
Location. 56° 8.325′ N, 3° 55.079′ W. Marker is in Stirling, Scotland, in Stirlingshire. Marker is on Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Stirling, Scotland FK9 5LU, United Kingdom.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 16 kilometers of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Battle of Stirling Bridge (approx. 1.6 kilometers away); Battle of Bannockburn (approx. 5.2 kilometers away); Fit For A King (approx. 9.7 kilometers away); The Holy Grail (approx. 9.7 kilometers away); Forth & Clyde Ship Canal (approx. 16 kilometers away); Antonine Wall Rough Castle (approx. 16 kilometers away); Antonine Wall (approx. 16.1 kilometers away); The Northern Defences (approx. 16.1 kilometers away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Stirling.
Also see . . . Official Website of The National Wallace Monument. (Submitted on July 21, 2015, by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee.)
Categories. • Heroes •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 16, 2015, by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee. This page has been viewed 259 times since then and 18 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on July 16, 2015, by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee. 4. submitted on July 19, 2015, by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee. 5. submitted on July 16, 2015, by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee. 6, 7, 8. submitted on July 17, 2015, by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.