Near Keystone in Pennington County, South Dakota — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
Married: Mary Todd (1818-1882), November 4, 1842
Children: Robert Todd, Edward Baker, William Wallace, and Thomas "Tad"
Died: April 15, 1865, Washington, D.C., having been shot at Ford's Theatre the night before.
Education: No formal education
Political Party: Whig, then Republican
Career Highlights: • Elected captain of his company in the Black Hawk War, 1832; • Elected to the Illinois State Legislature, 1834; • Member of U.S. House of Representatives, 1847-49
National Highlights: • The Civil War began April 12, 1861, with an attack on Fort Sumpter, South Carolina; • Writ of habeas corpus suspended nationally on September 24, 1862; • Emancipation Proclamation, January 1, 1863; • Civil War ended April 9, 1865, when Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrendered to Union General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Courthouse
"Fellow citizens, we cannot escape history. In giving freedom to the slave, we assure freedom to be free.... We shall nobly save, or meanly lose, the last best, hope of earth." - Annual Message to Congress, December 1, 1862
"We are not enemies, but friends, We must not be enemies. Though passion may have strained, it must not break our bonds of affection.
Gutzon Borglum, Sculptor of Mount Rushmore:
"He was more deeply rooted in the home principles that are keeping us together than any man who was ever asked to make his heart-beat national." - Lincoln Borglum Manuscript Collection, Corpus Christi, Texas
"He is at once the heart and soul of Mount Rushmore." - New York Times Magazine, August 25, 1940
Erected by National Endowment for the Humanities and South Dakota Humanities Council.
Location. 43° 52.701′ N, 103° 27.458′ W. Marker is near Keystone, South Dakota, in Pennington County. Marker can be reached from State Highway 244. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 13000 South Dakota Highway 244, Keystone SD 57751, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. George Washington (within shouting distance of this marker); Theodore Roosevelt (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); (Mount Rushmore) Chronology (about 700 feet away); History of the United States of America (about 700 feet away); The Power to Carve a Mountain (approx. 0.2 miles away); Rushmore Workers (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Pigtail Bridges (approx. 1.3 miles away); Gutzon Borglum (approx. 1.8 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Keystone.
More about this marker. This marker is located on the Presidential Trail at the base of the Mount Rushmore sculptures.
Categories. • Landmarks •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on October 7, 2015, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 189 times since then and 22 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on October 7, 2015, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.
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