The Flattening House
Estellville Glass Factory
—Estell Manor Park —
Next, a heated rod was run down the length of the cylinder until it made a groove; when the cylinder was touched with a piece of wet metal it split along the groove. At this point the split cylinders were stored on wooden racks until they were needed in the Flattening House.
When the split cylinder was moved to the Flattening House, it was placed on a smooth rotating “stone” made of fired clay. Here it was reheated, causing it to unfold, and smothered with a block of wood until it was a flat rectangle.
It was then lifted off the stone with a long-pronged fork and placed on a car at the mouth of the annealing oven, or lehr, also located in the Flattening House. The annealing oven was a long, low rectangular chamber, intensely hot at the end near the oven, and cooler at the far end. The flattened glass slowly passed through the oven, in a controlled cooling that left the glass free of built-in stress.
The final step was carried out in the Cutting House, where the 32” by 40” glass sheets were cut into window panes. This was the domain of the cutters,
Very little was wasted in the glass manufacturing process. Broken glass, called “cutlet,” was remelted as part of the batch; ash from the furnace was recycled as one of the raw materials of the glass; and even the caps removed from the ends of the cylinders were retrieved and used as glass bells under which wax fruit was displayed.
(Inscription under the image in the top center)
Blowing hole in cylinder.
(Inscription under the image in the top center down)
Cracking off end of cylinder.
(Inscription under the image in the lower right)
Location. 39° 23.438′ N, 74° 44.53′ W. Marker is in Estell Manor, New Jersey, in Atlantic County. Marker is on New Jersey Route 50. Touch for map. This marker is located in Estell Manor Park on Purple Heart Drive. Marker is in this post office area: Estell Manor NJ 08319, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 5
Categories. • Industry & Commerce •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on January 24, 2016, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. This page has been viewed 201 times since then and 8 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on January 24, 2016, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.