Troy in Rensselaer County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Burden Iron Works
Henry Burden's Upper Works.
By Howard C. Ohlhous, July 28, 2006
1. Burden Iron Works Marker
Invented Modern Horseshoe
And Railroad Spike, Site Of
World's Most Powerful Water
Wheel Founded 1809
Erected by The People of Troy.
Location. 42° 42.184′ N, 73° 41.786′ W. Marker is in Troy, New York, in Rensselaer County. Marker is on High Street (Route 378), on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Troy NY 12180, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Little Red Schoolhouse (approx. 0.8 miles away); The Erie Canal (approx. 0.9 miles away); Watervliet Arsenal (approx. 1.2 miles away); Gasholder House (approx. 1.3 miles away); Saint Agnes Cemetery (approx. 1.4 miles away); Washington Park (approx. 1½ miles away); Liberty Street Presbyterian Church (approx. 1.6 miles away); City of Watervliet (approx. 1.6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Troy.
Also see . . .
1. Library of Congress; Burden Iron Works, Upper (Water) Works, Burden Street & Wynants Kill, Troy, Ren. (Submitted on July 6, 2016, by Howard C. Ohlhous of Duanesburg, New York.)
2. Library of Congress; Burden Iron Works, Water Wheel, U.S. Route 4, Troy, Rensselaer County, NY Pho
. (Submitted on July 6, 2016, by Howard C. Ohlhous of Duanesburg, New York.)
By Howard C. Ohlhous, May 5, 2010
2. Burden Iron Works Marker
At the intersection beyond the marker, where High St., Water St., Mill St., and Burden Ave all come together, there is a painting of the Burden Water Wheel on the retaining wall, along with a Welcome to Troy message.
3. Henry Burden on Find A Grave, Albany Rural Cemetery. (Submitted on July 6, 2016, by Howard C. Ohlhous of Duanesburg, New York.)
Categories. • Industry & Commerce •
Library of Congress
3. Henry Burden (April 22, 1791 – January 19, 1871)
Library of Congress
4. Burden Iron Works, Troy, NY
Library of Congress
5. The Burden Water Wheel
The Burden Water Wheel, the “Niagara of Water Wheels” and the most powerful vertical water wheel in history, was designed and constructed by Burden in 1851. The wheel was sixty-two feet in diameter and twenty-two feet in breadth, and supplied by a small stream, the Wynantskill Creek. It was abandoned in the 1890s. Note the man in the photo, standing in front of the wheel for scale.
By Howard C. Ohlhous, May 2, 2007
6. Burden Iron Works Site
A conduit of mortared brick with iron banding, for water at the end of the upper raceway on the site of the Burden Iron Works. The Burden Iron Works site was listed on the National Register of Historic Places as an archaeological site on November 10, 1977.
By Howard C. Ohlhous, February 4, 2010
7. The Burden Iron Co.
The Burden Ironworks Office Building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1972.
By Howard C. Ohlhous, January 14, 2009
8. Burden Iron Works Office Building
The Burden Iron Works Museum, on Polk Street in Troy, is in a March 16, 1972 National Register listed building. Constructed between 1881 and 1882 in the Romanesque Revival style, the distinguished former office of the Burden Iron Works contains an extensive exhibit on Troy’s industrial history throughout the 19th century.
By Howard C. Ohlhous, January 27, 2013
9. Burden Horseshoe Machine Model
This model of Henry Burden's horseshoe machine once made miniature horseshoes. It was constructed for the United States Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia in 1876. Burden's full scale horseshoe machine was capable of producing sixty horseshoes per minute, or up to fifty million per year. The Burden Iron Works manufactured nearly all of the horseshoes used by the Union Army during the Civil War. The model is seen on display at the New York State Museum in Albany.
By Howard C. Ohlhous, August 2, 2011
10. Horse and Mule Shoes
A display of horse and mule shoes manufactured by the Burden Iron Works, seen on display at the The Burden Iron Works Museum in Troy.
Credits. This page was last revised on July 22, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 6, 2016, by Howard C. Ohlhous of Duanesburg, New York. This page has been viewed 309 times since then and 36 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on July 6, 2016, by Howard C. Ohlhous of Duanesburg, New York. 9, 10. submitted on July 9, 2016, by Howard C. Ohlhous of Duanesburg, New York. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.