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St. Leonard in Calvert County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

June 1814 — War Visits the Patuxent

 

—Battle At The Mouth of St. Leonard Creek —

 
June 1814 — War Visits the Patuxent Marker image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, May 15, 2016
1. June 1814 — War Visits the Patuxent Marker
Inscription. Instead of this peaceful scene in front of you, imagine the air. hazy with smoke brightened by the flare of gunfire and rockets. Hear booming cannons, screaming rockets, yelling and shouting. Right here at the mouth of St. Leonard Creek is' where the Americans battled the mightier British Navy in June 1814.

After encountering superior British forces near the mouth of the Patuxent in the Battle of Cedar Point Commodore Barney and his Chesapeake Flotilla escaped up river to the safety of St. Leonard Creek. For three days, starting June 8th, the Americans successfully held the British at bay despite wave after wave of bombardment. A British ship, the HMS St. Lawrence, was hit so badly it was temporarily abandoned on the shore at this point.

In the following weeks, while Barney's Flotilla stayed in St. Leonard Creek, the British waged a campaign of destruction against both shores of the Patuxent, confiscating supplies, demanding information and burning many houses and barns, including John Stuart Skinners' barn here on what is now Park property.

Finally on Jun 26th the British again attacked the Chesapeake Flotilla, trying to draw it out of its hiding place. This 2nd battle ended in a draw, with the Americans slipping out of the creek and sailing up the Patuxent River.
 
Location.
3 Markers on Peterson's Point image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, May 15, 2016
2. 3 Markers on Peterson's Point
This marker is the Middle one.
38° 23.381′ N, 76° 30.444′ W. Marker is in St. Leonard, Maryland, in Calvert County. Marker can be reached from Mackall Road. Touch for map. on Peterson's Point in Jefferson Patterson Park and Museum. Marker is in this post office area: Saint Leonard MD 20685, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Idyllic Retreat — Beach House on the Point (here, next to this marker); A Place in Chesapeake History (here, next to this marker); Smith’s St. Leonard Site (approx. 0.3 miles away); Land Battle Evidence (approx. 0.3 miles away); Valor at St. Leonard Creek (approx. 0.3 miles away); John Stuart Skinner (approx. 0.3 miles away); “We Must Have Done Them Considerable Damage” (approx. 0.3 miles away); “The Commodore Can Beat Any…Barges…Sent Against Him” (approx. 0.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in St. Leonard.
 
Categories. War of 1812
 
First Battle image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, May 15, 2016
3. First Battle
Close-up of 3 maps on marker
Second Battle image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, May 15, 2016
4. Second Battle
Close-up of 2 maps on marker
Congreve Rocket image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, May 15, 2016
5. Congreve Rocket
Close-up of image on marker
Slavery in The United States: A Narrative… image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, May 15, 2016
6. Slavery in The United States: A Narrative…

In his memoir, Charles Ball describes himself as a seaman and a cook on a barge in Commodore Barney's flotilla.

Ball was working at a fishery near the mouth of the Patuxent River when the British came to the Chesapeake in the Spring of 1813.

"I did not enlist with Commodore Barney until the month of December, I8I3: but as I resided in Calvert county, in the summer of I8I3, I had an opportunity of witnessing many of the evils that followed in the train of war, before I assumed the profession of arms myself." Charles Ball, 1837
Close-up of photo on marker
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on July 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 15, 2016, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. This page has been viewed 164 times since then and 35 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on July 15, 2016, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
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