Swanton in Garrett County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Fighting Forest Fires Is a Hard Job
Beginning in 1906, Besley sought out hardy men who were pillars of their communities to teach wise forestry and to mobilize manpower when forest fires erupted. Most of these forest wardens were volunteers.
As Belsey notes, "The best tools with which to fight a fire are the rake, hoe, shovel and axe." To that simple arsenal wardens later added backfire torches and portable 5-gallon water tanks that were carried on their backs.
Besley erected a network of fire lookout towers across Maryland. Staffed by dedicated men and women (often supported by whole families), the towers and their operators made fast detection of fires possible. Modern techniques have antiquated these
Thayerville fire tower, a survivor of Besley's network, is located at the top of this trail. You are invited to hike the trail and takek a closer look.
Besley believed that political consideration had no place in forest management - a view that was echoed throughout the Maryland Department of Forestry. As the famous Garrett County Forest Warden Abraham Lincoln Sines wrote, "Politics do not fight fires. I never ask a man his politics or his religion. Fighting forest fires is a hard job and takes the best men in both parties."
[text with photos, left to right] 1. Garrett County volunteer fire warden J.H. Sims and Mike Tasker, March 1928
2. Fire crew, Patapsco Forest Reserve, May 1928
3. "Manning" fire towers was often a family responsibility. Here Kitty Shortall sends her warden husband John his lunch at Long Hill Tower in 1951.
4. The Woodlawn fire tower, in Cecil County, Maryland, March 1935.
5. Fred W. Besley (1872-1960), Maryland's first state forester, 1906-1942.
6. Abraham Lincoln Sines (1864-1954), Garrett County's first resident forest warden.
Erected by Maryland Department of Natural Resources.
Location. 39° 30.868′ Touch for map. Marker is located .2 miles north along the Fire Tower Trail that starts from the administration building at this intersection. Marker is in this post office area: Swanton MD 21561, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 6 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Fighting Forest Fires (a few steps from this marker); History of Deep Creek Lake (approx. 0.2 miles away); Deep Creek Lake Discovery Center (approx. 0.2 miles away); Deep Creek Lake, Garrett County (approx. 2.1 miles away); Thayer Game Refuge (approx. 2.7 miles away); Col. James McHenry of Baltimore (approx. 3½ miles away); Gettysburg Campaign (approx. 5½ miles away); The National Road (approx. 5½ miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Swanton.
Categories. • Horticulture & Forestry •
Credits. This page was last revised on October 8, 2016. This page originally submitted on October 8, 2016, by F. Robby of Baltimore, Maryland. This page has been viewed 157 times since then and 10 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on October 8, 2016, by F. Robby of Baltimore, Maryland.