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Cape Breton Regional Municipality Nova Scotia Historical Markers

 
Marconi Wireless Station Marker<br>(<i>wide view • Old Glace Bay Town Hall in background</i>) image, Touch for more information
By Cosmos Mariner, July 21, 2019
Marconi Wireless Station Marker
(wide view • Old Glace Bay Town Hall in background)
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Glace Bay — Marconi Wireless Station / La Station de Communication Sans Fil de Marconi
English: Having demonstrated the feasibility of transatlantic wireless communication in 1901, Guglielmo Marconi established a permanent station on Cape Breton Island in 1902. When the original Table Head site proved too . . . — Map (db m139300) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Glace Bay — Transatlantic Wireless / T.S.F. Transatlantique / Radiotelegrafico Transatlantico
English: In 1901 Signor Guglielmo Marconi received the first transatlantic radio message at Signal Hill in St. John’s. On 15 December, 1902, he sent the first West to East message from a new station at Table Head to Poldhu, . . . — Map (db m139201) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Louisbourg — 19th-Century LighthouseLe phare construit au XIXᵉ siècle
English: During the first half of the 19th century maritime officials took steps to reduce the many navigational risks and shipwrecks along the eastern seaboard of Canada. One of the new lighthouses put up was at Louisbourg, in 1842. It . . . — Map (db m79965) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Louisbourg — Canada’s First ObservatoryLe premier observatoire au Canada
Three panels are located at this site. Chabert’s Mission / La mission du marquis de Chabert English: In 1750 the Marquis de Chabert, a French astronomer, was commissioned to go to North America to correct the maps of . . . — Map (db m142944) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Louisbourg — First LighthouseLe premier phare
English: Here are the ruins of Louisbourg’s first light, the earliest to be erected in Canada and the second in North America. Lit in 1734, it was badly damaged in a fire two years later, then quickly repaired. The replacement lantern was . . . — Map (db m142960) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Louisbourg — First Lighthouse Tower
English: On this site was erected by France, in 1731, the first Lighthouse Tower, constructed of fireproof materials, in North America. Near here the British erected batteries to silence the defensive works erected by France. In 1745, . . . — Map (db m79967) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Louisbourg — Fizel HouseMaison Fizel
English: These are the remains of a two and a half storey masonry house built in the late 1730s for merchant and militia captain Julien Fizel and his wife Françoise Tetard. The house served several purposes: the basement was used as . . . — Map (db m142961) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Louisbourg — Fortress of LouisbourgLa forteresse de Louisbourg
English: In 1713, France decided to found Louisbourg to defend her colonial and maritime interests in North America. As capital of the colony of Isle Royale and guardian the Gulf of Saint. Lawrence, it became the most important French . . . — Map (db m79915) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Louisbourg — French Garrison at Louisbourg
English: This tablet commemorated the valour and endurance displayed against overwhelming odds, by the French forces, who, in 1745 and again in 1758, garrisoned the defensive batteries on the Island opposite the entrance to the harbour of . . . — Map (db m79968) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Louisbourg — French Naval Guns
French Naval Guns raised by the Dominion Coal Company in 1895 from the bottom of Louisburg Harbour and mounted at the Louisburg Railroad Station presented to the Fortress of Louisburg National Historic Site by the Dominion Steel . . . — Map (db m142962) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Louisbourg — Kennelly Point
English: This point of land is named after Capt. D.J. Kennelly (ca. 1831-1907), who had a house near here during the late 19th century. An Irish-born industrialist who came to Cape Breton during the 1870s, Kennelly was captivated by . . . — Map (db m142963) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Louisbourg — Lighthouse PointLa pointe du phare
English: During the 1745 and 1758 sieges the attackers built artillery batteries on Lighthouse Point to silence the Island Battery. This would have allowed warships to enter the harbour for a combined land and sea assault on the town. The . . . — Map (db m142964) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Louisbourg — Louisbourg HarbourLe port de Louisbourg
English: Louisbourg’s destiny has been largely shaped by its harbour. Well-protected, relatively deep and close to the fishing banks, it was the harbour that attracted the French to settle here in the 1700s. In the 19th century ice-free . . . — Map (db m79963) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Louisbourg — Marie Marguerite Rose(1717-1757)
English: Captured in Africa at the age of 19 and transported to Ile Royale, where she was sold to a member of the colonial elite, Marie Marguerite Rose is seen to be a key figure of the initial phase of Black slavery in Canada. Gaining her . . . — Map (db m79917) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Louisbourg — Slavery / FreedomEsclavage / Liberté
Two panels make up this marker Slavery / Esclavage English: Marie Marguerite Rose was the name given to a young woman captured in Guinea, Africa, sold to French traders and brought to Louisbourg in 1736 as a slave for . . . — Map (db m79918) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Louisbourg — 9 — Sydney and Louisbourg Railway Museum
Cape Breton’s mining industry dictated the need of an outlet in Louisbourg to link the various railways around Sydney with Louisbourg’s ice-free harbour, allowing for year-round shipping of coal. The first attempt in 1873 was a narrow, poorly . . . — Map (db m142965) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Louisbourg — The Lobster FisheryLe pêche du homard
English: Between 15 May and 15 July the ocean in front of you is dotted with the buoys of the lobster fishery. The Mi’kmaq as well as the French and the English ate lobster and other shellfish during the 18th Century. During the 1754 siege . . . — Map (db m79941) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Louisbourg — The Siege LandingDébarquement des assiégeants
English: In both sieges the attackers made their initial landings in this cove. In 1745 the French defended the cove with only a small detachment but in 1757 they built and garrisoned extensive fieldworks here. The following year . . . — Map (db m142966) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Louisbourg — Wolfe’s LandingLe débarquement de Wolfe
English: Here, 8th June, 1758, the men of Brigadier General James Wolfe’s brigade, after having been repulsed with heavy loss by the French troops entrenched westward made their gallant and successful landing. Thus began the operation . . . — Map (db m79938) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Port Morien — First Boy Scout Troop in North America
The first Boy Scout Troop in North America was formed in this village in 1908 by William Glover (1874-1949), a bookkeeper at the North Atlantic Colliery. He was master of the local Masonic Lodge and director of the St. Paul's Anglican Church Choir. . . . — Map (db m139294) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Port Morien — Flint Island Light Station
Flint Island is a treeless little republic sitting in the Atlantic six miles east of Port Morien. The nearest landfall is the Northern Head, approximately two miles west. It is an estimated 800 yards long and 140 yards wide. The first lighthouse . . . — Map (db m144074) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Port Morien — Gowrie and North Atlantic Collieries
In 1861, Archibald and Company, a family-run business from North Sydney, opened the Gowrie Mine in Cow Bay. It was the most successful mining operation in Cape Breton in the 19th Century. Preliminary mining commenced at an old pit near the shore. . . . — Map (db m144075) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Port Morien — L'industrie du Charbon au Canada / Canada's Coal Industry
Français: Deux mille pieds au sud-est de cet endroit se trouvent les vestiges de la première exploitation régulière d’une mine de charbon en Amérique, commencée par le Français en 1720. Cette industrie, modeste à son origine, est . . . — Map (db m139292) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Port Morien — Morien Bay
The history of the village of Port Morien, rooted as it was in mining and fishing, is tightly entwined with Morien Bay itself. The Mi'kmaq name was "Noolektooch", (Noo-lack-took) meaning "place jammed with ice", or "bivouacking place". Early . . . — Map (db m144077) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Port Morien — Morien Businesses of the Past
Joseph Talmage (J.T.) Irwin purchased a parcel of land in 1917 on the south side of Breakwater Street, with the intention of building an all-purpose store. He operated it for several years. At his death in 1934, his wife, Charlotte, and their . . . — Map (db m144071) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Port Morien — Morien Institutions
Schooling in Port Morien and Area Records show that schooling in Cow Bay goes back to 1826. There was a school at Gowrie Mine in 1862, and it burned down in 1880. In 1867, there was a school at South Head, destroyed by fire in 1890, rebuilt, . . . — Map (db m144072) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Port Morien — Morien's Legacy
The Port Morien Project In the year 2000, a group of interested citizens met to revive an organization in the community, the Port Morien Development Association. It was an organization active in the late 1960s and early 1970s. On February 9, . . . — Map (db m144073) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Port Morien — The First Coal Workings in North America
Commercial coal mining began in Port Morien in 1720 after a mine had been opened to supply The Fortress at Louisbourg. This was the first commercial coal mine in North America. After the English victory at Louisbourg in 1758, the mine remained in . . . — Map (db m139293) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Port Morien — The Fishery in Port Morien
The first recorded commercial fishing activity in Cow Bay occurred when the Bourinot family purchased fish, dried them, and supplied the fishermen. Lobster factories could be found in both Port Morien and South Head. The factory owned by David . . . — Map (db m144076) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Sydney — J.F.W. DesBarres1722 - 1824
Founder of Sydney, 1785 Lieutenant Governor of Cape Breton — Map (db m78743) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Sydney — Joseph Frederick Wallet DesBarres1722-1824
English: A distinguished military engineer, of Huguenot descent, Desbarres served in the British Army in North America during the Seven Years’ War, and participated in the capture of Louisbourg in 1758 and of Quebec in 1759. From . . . — Map (db m140081) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Sydney — Sir John George Bourinot1837-1902
English: A native of Sydney, Bourinot was a journalist and legislative reporter in Halifax before joining the parliamentary staff at Ottawa in 1868. From 1880 to 1902 he served as Clerk of the House and was a recognized authority . . . — Map (db m140082) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Sydney — The Development of Whitney Pier / L'essor De Whitney Pier
English: In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, thousands of immigrants came to Cape Breton from Europe, the West Indies, the United States, and elsewhere to work in iron and steel production. Many settled in Whitney Pier, . . . — Map (db m139295) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Victoria Mines — Atlantic Bulwark / Le Rempart de L'Atlantique
English: During the Second World War the Royal Canadian Navy and the Royal Canadian Air Force protected shipping on vital North Atlantic routes which were the lifeline of the Allies. Army units shared in the defence of the . . . — Map (db m140130) HM

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May. 27, 2020