Fort Mitchell in Russell County, Alabama — The American South (East South Central)
Removal of the Creeks
The Creek Indians and their neighbors, the Yuchi, once lived in these woods in harmony with nature and in accordance with their beliefs and customs. During the 1700s and early 1800s, they were progressively dispossessed of their lands by Euro-Americans who resorted to various strategies to accomplish their ends, especially the use of treaties which were in reality land cessions in disguise. Groups of speculators then used various tricks to further defraud the Indians of their lands, while politicians justified the results under the veil of state rights.
When Congress passed the Indian Removal Bill in 1830, it sent a message to the commercial interests in the country that one of the most cherished doctrines of the American Revolution—that “all men are created equal”— was no longer applicable to the native people of the U.S. The way was cleared for western expansion of the nation. Thereafter Indian removal, including the Creeks and thousands of other Southern Indians, was only a matter of time. By 1840 the long process largely had been completed, allowing cotton and slavery to become increasingly fixed on the Creeks’ ancestral
Erected 2016 by the Historic Chattahoochee Commission and the Illges Foundation.
Location. 32° 20.688′ N, 85° 1.304′ W. Marker is in Fort Mitchell, Alabama, in Russell County. Marker can be reached from County Road 165 2.3 miles south of Nuckols Road (Route 39). Touch for map. The Chattahoochee Indian Heritage Center is located adjacent to, and within the entrance gate of, the Fort Mitchell National Historic Site, and is open to visitors free of charge during park hours. Marker is at or near this postal address: 561 AL-165, Fort Mitchell AL 36856, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Creek Trail of Tears (a few steps from this marker); The Creeks Today (a few steps from this marker); The Creek Nation / The Chattahoochee Indian Heritage Center (within shouting distance of this marker); The Census of 1832 (within shouting distance of this marker); Fort Mitchell and Creek Removal (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Indian Ball Ground (about 300 feet away); Pokkecheta, or the Ball Play (about 400 feet away); Archaeology And Our Understanding of the Creek People (about 400 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Fort Mitchell.
More about this marker.
Also see . . .
1. Encyclopedia of Alabama article on Creek Indian Removal. (Submitted on February 5, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
2. Indian Treaties and the Removal Act of 1830 - Office of the Historian, U.S. Department of State. (Submitted on February 5, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
Categories. • Native Americans • Settlements & Settlers •
Credits. This page was last revised on March 8, 2017. This page originally submitted on February 5, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 168 times since then and 30 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on February 5, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.