“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Native Americans Topic

Autauga County Courthouse image, Touch for more information
By Tim Carr, August 1, 2009
Autauga County Courthouse
1 Alabama, Autauga County, Prattville — A County Older Than the State, Autauga County
Created in 1818 by an act of Alabama Territorial Legislature. Autauga Indians lived on creek from which the county takes its name. Autaugas were members of the Alibamo tribe. They sent many warriors to resist Andrew Jackson's invasion in Creek War. . . . Map (db m27907) HM
2 Alabama, Autauga County, Prattville — Old Kingston Historical Cemetery
This cemetery is one of the oldest cemeteries in Autauga County having been established as a burial ground by at least 1841. The land was officially set aside as a burial ground when the county seat was in this area from 1834 to 1868. The area . . . Map (db m82561) HM
3 Alabama, Baldwin County, Bay Minette — Bottle Creek Site
. . . Map (db m100849) HM
4 Alabama, Baldwin County, Blakeley — The Apalachee Village
Just a half century prior to the founding of the town of Blakeley, an Apalachee Indian village stood on this spot. The village was founded in the early 1700s by Apalachee refugees fleeing warfare in Florida for the relative safety of French . . . Map (db m131851) HM
5 Alabama, Baldwin County, Blakeley — The Bottle Creek SiteAlabama Indigenous Mound Trail
The Bottle Creek site is the second largest mound center in Alabama and it represents the remnants of a large Mississippian Stage civic and ceremonial complex that dominated the Mobile-Tensaw Delta from AD 1250 to 1500. Located in the heart of the . . . Map (db m131832) HM
6 Alabama, Baldwin County, Daphne — City of DaphneIncorporated July 8, 1927
The City of Daphne was incorporated July 8, 1927 with a population of 500. its history, however, dates to a much earlier period. Research and artifacts show that Tensaw, Alabama, Choctaw, Creeks, and Seminole Indians all lived in the this area prior . . . Map (db m100843) HM
7 Alabama, Baldwin County, Gulf Shores — Indian Village Achuse
This Shell Banks Baptist Church rests near the location of the first Indian village in America visited by a white man. This was the Indian village of “Achuse” visited by Admiral Maldonado who was one of De Soto’s officers. He scouted . . . Map (db m66295) HM
8 Alabama, Baldwin County, Spanish Fort — Caisson Trace
A trail used in early times by Indians, Spanish Explorers, French Settlers and later by soldiers during the battle of Spanish Fort 1865. At one time a stream driven train paralleled this trace. Its ancient road bed can still be seen south of this . . . Map (db m100877) HM
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9 Alabama, Baldwin County, Spanish Fort — Spanish Fort
Rendezvous for Indians, Spanish, French and English Explorers. In 1865, Three Confederate Brigades, outnumbered 10 to 1, engaged the Army of West Mississippi (Union Forces) in the last battle of the War Between the States. March 26~April 9, 1865.Map (db m100844) HM
10 Alabama, Baldwin County, Stockton — First Creek WarBattles in Alabama & Baldwin County
27 July 1813 – Battle of Burnt Corn 30 August 1813 – Fort Mims Massacre 31 August 1813 – Kimbell – James Massacre 2 September 1813 – Attack at Fort Sinquefield 13 September 1813 – Wood's Bluff . . . Map (db m122631) HM WM
11 Alabama, Baldwin County, Stockton — Fort Mims And The Creek Indian War, 1813-14
Front: In 1813, people on the United State’s southwestern frontier were fearful. The Redstick faction of the Creek Indian Nation opposed growing American influence in the area and had voted for war. However, Creeks living in the Tensaw . . . Map (db m116678) HM
12 Alabama, Baldwin County, Stockton — Historic Stockton / Old Schoolyard Park
Front: Historic Stockton Modern Stockton is situated on a hill just above the original settlement, which was abandoned around 1840 because of Yellow Fever outbreaks. No verified source for the town name exists. Most likely it was . . . Map (db m66390) HM
13 Alabama, Barbour County, Batesville — Providence Methodist Church & Schoolhouse
Side 1 In 1828, Reverend John Wesley Norton left his native South Carolina with his family and a wagon train of followers, crossed into the Creek Indian Nation and just into the edge of what was then Pike County, settling near the . . . Map (db m78123) HM
14 Alabama, Barbour County, Eufaula — Chief Eufaula (Yoholo Micco)In Life and Legend — Creek Heritage Trail —
"Chief Eufaula," the man often referred to in the historical record as "Yoholo Micco," was a Creek chieftain from the Upper Creek town of Eufaula. Born in the late 1700s, he fought alongside allied Creeks with United States forces against his Red . . . Map (db m101427) HM
15 Alabama, Barbour County, Eufaula — Cotton and Creek Country — Creek Heritage Trail —
A primary factor in the eventual expulsion of the Creeks from their ancestral homeland was the fact that their territory was some of the best suited in the nation for the production of cotton. Containing enormous tracts of productive soils, a long . . . Map (db m101658) HM
16 Alabama, Barbour County, Eufaula — Creek Indian Removal
At the dawn of the recorded history of this land, the Creek Indians owned it. Before the men who built the great houses and the men who made the laws settled this area, the United States of America ceded this land to the Creek Indians for “As . . . Map (db m89608) HM
17 Alabama, Barbour County, Eufaula — The City of Eufaula — Creek Heritage Trail —
The Second Creek war resulted in the final expulsion of the Creeks from eastern Alabama and paved the way for large-scale American settlement. The town of Irwinton gradually expanded westward from the bluff overlooking the Chattahoochee in the years . . . Map (db m101361) HM
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18 Alabama, Barbour County, Eufaula — The Creek Town of Eufaula — Creek Heritage Trail —
The area surrounding Eufaula was once part of a regional Creek population center. Towns of note in the region included Sawokli (also known as Sabacola) and the town of Eufaula for which the modern city is named. Trails linked these closely-connected . . . Map (db m101355) HM
19 Alabama, Barbour County, Eufaula — The Second Creek War in the Eufaula Area — Creek Heritage Trail —
In 1836 long-simmering tensions between Creeks and American settlers erupted into warfare. The Creeks, crowded onto the last portion of their ancestral homeland and witnessing the rampant theft of their lands, had also become subject to harsh laws . . . Map (db m101360) HM
20 Alabama, Barbour County, Eufaula — The Town of Irwinton — Creek Heritage Trail —
A small group of American settlers from Georgia formed a community called Eufaula in this vicinity as early as 1823. The settlement began to grow in importance later in the decade through the influence of prominent local landholder and Creek War . . . Map (db m101357) HM
21 Alabama, Barbour County, Louisville — Louisville and "Old Alabama" — Creek Heritage Trail —
Louisville is one of the oldest communities in southeastern Alabama. Locąted within territory ceded by the Creeks in the Treaty of Fort Jackson (1814) ending the Creek War, the area was first settled by Americans as early as 1817. Many of its . . . Map (db m111642) HM
22 Alabama, Barbour County, Louisville — The Battles of Hobdy's Bridge and Pea River — Creek Heritage Trail —
The battles of Hobdy's Bridge and Pea River were the result of the desperate attempt of Creeks to avoid removal to the West by fleeing to Florida along trails bordering the Pea and Conecuh Rivers. The battles marked the last large-scale . . . Map (db m111627) HM
23 Alabama, Barbour County, Louisville — The Opening of the Second Phase of the Second Creek War — Creek Heritage Trail —
The Second Creek War began in May of 1836 when a portion of area Creeks, angry at their treatment in the wake of the Treaty of Cusseta and in desperate circumstances, struck out against American settlements. A series of small battles occurred . . . Map (db m111618) HM
24 Alabama, Blount County, Blountsville — Blountsville
1820-1889 seat of Blount County, a county older than the State. Named for Tennessee Governor W. G. Blount who sent Andrew Jackson to aid Alabama settlers in Creek Indian War, 1812-1814. Indian Chief Bear Meat lived here at crossing of . . . Map (db m156445) HM
25 Alabama, Blount County, Oneonta — Blount CountyA County Older Than the State
Created Feb. 7, 1818 by Alabama Territorial Legislature from lands ceded by the Creek Indian Nation. Named for the Tennessee Governor W. G. Blount, who sent militia under Andrew Jackson to punish the Creeks for Fort Mims massacre. Jackson fought and . . . Map (db m24353) HM
26 Alabama, Bullock County, Union Springs — Indian Treaty Boundary Line
The Treaty of Fort Jackson of August 9, 1814, by Major General Andrew Jackson on behalf of the President of the United States of America and the Chiefs, Deputies and Warriors of the Creek Nation, established a boundary line between the Mississippi . . . Map (db m61026) HM
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27 Alabama, Bullock County, Union Springs — Indian Treaty Boundary Line Reported damaged
The Treaty of Fort Jackson of August 9, 1814, by Major General Andrew Jackson on behalf of the President of the United States of America and the Chiefs, Deputies and Warriors of the Creek Nation, established a boundary line between the Mississippi . . . Map (db m202468) HM
28 Alabama, Butler County, Forest Home — The Butler Massacre / Fort Bibb
(obverse) The Butler Massacre On March 20, 1818, Capt. William Butler, Capt. James Saffold, William Gardener, Daniel Shaw and John Hinson left Fort Bibb to meet Col. Sam Dale. They were attacked near Pine Barren Creek by Savannah . . . Map (db m83259) HM
29 Alabama, Butler County, Greenville — Butler CountyA County Older Than The State
Side 1 Created in 1819 by Act of Alabama Territorial Legislature from lands ceded by the Creek Indian Nation by the Treaty of Fort Jackson, 1814. Named for Captain William Butler, soldier of Creek Indian War, 1813-14, early settler . . . Map (db m70755) HM
30 Alabama, Butler County, Greenville — Ogly-Stroud Massacre / Gary's Stockade
Ogly-Stroud Massacre William Ogly built his cabin near this site at Poplar Springs along the Federal Road, and was killed here with most of his family on March 13, 1818. His friend Eli Stroud's wife was fatally wounded and their infant . . . Map (db m120933) HM
31 Alabama, Butler County, Greenville — Pioneer Cemetery
Greenville's oldest, established 1819. Captain William Butler, for whom the county was named, buried here. He was killed fighting Indians led by Savannah Jack in March, 1818. Greenville's oldest church, a community church established in 1822, . . . Map (db m70751) HM
32 Alabama, Butler County, Greenville — The Federal Road and The Palings / Fort Dale 1818
The Federal Road and the Palings The Federal Road was built in 1806 as a shorter route from Washington to New Orleans and the new Louisiana Territory. The road entered Alabama at Fort Mitchell, Georgia and passed through Butler County near this . . . Map (db m130050) HM
33 Alabama, Calhoun County, Alexandria — Lincoyerand The Battle of Tallasehatchee
At this site, on Nov. 3, 1813, after the Battle of Tallasehatchee, known then as Talluschatches, during the Creek Indian War, Gen. Andrew Jackson found a dead Creek Indian woman embracing her living infant son. Gen. Jackson, upon hearing that . . . Map (db m36551) HM
34 Alabama, Calhoun County, Alexandria — TallasseehatcheeCreek Indian War 1813-14 — Nov. 3, 1813 —
Gen. John Coffee, commanding 900 Tennessee Volunteers, surrounded Indians nearby; killed some 200 warriors. This was first American victory. It avenged earlier massacre of 517 at Ft. Mims by Indians.Map (db m27610) HM
35 Alabama, Calhoun County, Jacksonville — Chief Ladiga Trail - Jacksonville
The Chief Ladiga Trail was named for a Creek Indian leader who signed the Cusseta Treaty in 1832. Under the terms of that agreement, the Creeks gave up claim to their remaining lands in northeast Alabama. Because he had signed the treaty, Ladiga was . . . Map (db m36438) HM
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36 Alabama, Calhoun County, Jacksonville — Jacksonville, Alabama“Gem of the Hills”
Life here has long centered on education beginning in 1834 when a one-acre plot of land was reserved for a schoolhouse. Through the years, various institutions of higher learning developed that culminated into present-day Jacksonville State . . . Map (db m36429) HM
37 Alabama, Calhoun County, Jacksonville — Site of Indian Trading Post
This is the place where one of the original Creek Indian Trading Posts stood in 1830. Ladiga was Chief of the tribe.Map (db m36483) HM
38 Alabama, Calhoun County, Oxford — Archaic9,500 BC to 1,250 BC — Choccolocco Park Interpretive Trail —
The Archaic period covers a vast expanse of time (8,250 years). Many changes occurred during the Archaic period. For example, the climate and vegetation that Early Archaic people saw was much different than the climate and vegetation that Late . . . Map (db m160554) HM
39 Alabama, Calhoun County, Oxford — Better Understandings, New Friendships — Choccolocco Park Interpretive Trail —
In 2007, the City of Oxford began planning what is today known as Choccolocco Park. Discoveries at the site identified the presence of the humans inhabiting this land as early as 10,000 years ago. Oxford undertook an archaeological investigation . . . Map (db m144980) HM
40 Alabama, Calhoun County, Oxford — Historic Oxford
First incorporated as a town, February 7, 1852, in Benton County, Oxford's second incorporation was approved February 21, 1860 in Calhoun County. Long before this territory was “settled”, it was inhabited by Creek Indians. In the time . . . Map (db m106589) HM
41 Alabama, Calhoun County, Oxford — Mississippi AgricultureAD 1000 to AD 1625 — Choccolocco Park Interpretive Trail —
The Mississippian inhabitants of Choccolocco were skilled agriculturalists who grew corn, squash and beans in addition to the many wild plants that they harvested. Archaeologists working here have found the remains of many of these plants in the . . . Map (db m144950) HM
42 Alabama, Calhoun County, Oxford — Mississippi Earthen MoundsAD 1000 to AD 1625 — Choccolocco Park Interpretive Trail —
During the Mississippi period earthen mound construction resumed at Choccolocco. Mound building was a community effort and these earthen constructions served as the center of community life for large towns like the one depicted at right. This . . . Map (db m144936) HM
43 Alabama, Calhoun County, Oxford — Muscogee (Creek) NationArbeka (Abihka) Ceremonial Ground — Choccolocco Park Interpretive Trail —
Welcome! We are the Arbeka (Abihka). This is the ceremonial ground of our ancestors who once called this valley their home. When the Arbeka (Abihka) were forced to remove to Oklahoma they carried the sacred fire from this place to their new home. . . . Map (db m144923) HM
44 Alabama, Calhoun County, Oxford — Muscogee (Creek) Nation"Little Brother of War" — Choccolocco Park Interpretive Trail —
The ancestral traditions of the Muscogee (Creek) Nation are still practiced today. Among these is a game called “Little Brother of War" or "stickball”. The game is used to settle disagreements, to toughen warriors and sometimes for . . . Map (db m144938) HM
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45 Alabama, Calhoun County, Oxford — Muscogee (Creek) NationAD 1730 to AD 1832 — Choccolocco Park Interpretive Trail —
By AD 1730, the English, French and Spanish had all established colonies in the region. It was also around this time that the people within the Coosa, Tallapoosa and Chattahoochee Valleys, known to history as the Arbekas (Abihkas), Tallapoosas, . . . Map (db m145022) HM
46 Alabama, Calhoun County, Oxford — Paleoindian12,750 BC to 9,500 BC — Choccolocco Park Interpretive Trail —
The people living during the Paleoindian period experienced a world very different from that we know today. These people lived during the last ice age when large mammals still roamed North America. Archaeologists sometimes refer to these . . . Map (db m144948) HM
47 Alabama, Calhoun County, Oxford — Reconstructing the Cultural Landscape — Choccolocco Park Interpretive Trail —
The stone mound here once sat on nearby Signal Mountain and is now understood to be part of a much larger cultural landscape. Working with the Muscogee (Creek) Nation and the people of the Arbeka (Abihka) Ceremonial Ground, archaeologist Robert . . . Map (db m144927) HM
48 Alabama, Calhoun County, Oxford — The "Shattering" of the Mississippian WorldAD 1540 to AD 1730 — Choccolocco Park Interpretive Trail —
The arrival of European explorers and colonists in North America disrupted the Mississippian world in ways that researchers are still working to understand. Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto arrived in the interior in AD 1540. He traveled . . . Map (db m144973) HM
49 Alabama, Calhoun County, Oxford — The Choccolocco Creek Archaeological ComplexAlabama Indigenous Mound Trail
Centered around Boiling Spring, the Choccolocco Creek Archaeological Complex once consisted of at least three earthen mounds, a large stone mound, and a large snake effigy (representation) also made of stone. The largest earthen mound once . . . Map (db m144926) HM
50 Alabama, Calhoun County, Oxford — The Muscogee (Creek) Nation Today — Choccolocco Park Interpretive Trail —
Today, the people who once inhabited this region of Alabama are recognized by the federal government as belonging to several tribes: the Muscogee (Creek) Nation, Alabama-Quassarte Tribal Town, Kialegee Tribal Town, and Thlopthlocco Tribal Town of . . . Map (db m144937) HM
51 Alabama, Calhoun County, Oxford — The Prehistoric, Protohistoric & Historic Periods — Choccolocco Park Interpretive Trail —
{Timeline from 12,500 BC to AD 1979} Creek Chiefs During the Removal Period Selocta, Chinnabee, Soletawv Cetto Yupe, Horned Snake Soldier Opothle Yahola Menawa William McIntoshMap (db m145089) HM
52 Alabama, Calhoun County, Oxford — Welcome to the Choccolocco ParkInterpretive Trail
The interpretive trail winds through what was once the 19th century Muscogee (Creek) Nation town of Choccolocco. Archaeologists have found evidence that Native Americans began coming to this place about 8,000 BC and the establishment of long-term . . . Map (db m145097) HM
53 Alabama, Calhoun County, Oxford — Woodland1,250 BC to AD 1000 — Choccolocco Park Interpretive Trail —
Woodland period people established permanent communities within a climate and forest that was very similar to that experienced by today's residents of the Choccolocco Valley. By AD 100, the residents had started constructing the earthen mound . . . Map (db m144977) HM
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54 Alabama, Chambers County, LaFayette — Chambers County
Chambers County, created December 18, 1832 from Creek Indian cession. Named for Dr. Henry C. Chambers of Madison County, member of Constitutional Convention 1819, legislature of 1820, elected U.S. Senator 1825 but died enroute to Washington. . . . Map (db m18162) HM
55 Alabama, Chambers County, LaFayette — Muscogee Indians
. . . Map (db m71639) HM
56 Alabama, Chambers County, Lanett — 141-10 — Ocfuskooche Tallauhassee
A flourishing, ancient town of the Muscogee Indians known as Ocfuskooche Tallahassee (Old Town) stood on this site. English traders from Charles Town visited it about 1685. A trail known as "Old Horse Path" led from this village to the Tallapoosa. . . . Map (db m36315) HM
57 Alabama, Cherokee County, Cedar Bluff — Indian Village of Costa
This general area is believed to be the site of the Indian village of Costa visited by DeSoto July 2, 1540. The very old cedar trees may have been here at that time. They are some of the largest in the Southeast. These cedars are among the . . . Map (db m114988) HM
58 Alabama, Cherokee County, Centre — Cherokee County
Area 575 square miles. Aborigines inhabited area 4000 B.C. Cherokee and Creek Historic Indians about 1300-May 1838. Hernando De Soto-First white man July 1540. First white settlers about 1810 from VA, NC, SC, GA, and Tenn. Formed Cherokee Cession . . . Map (db m133321) HM
59 Alabama, Cherokee County, Centre — Cherokee County's Beginnings
This area had long been home to the Cherokee Indians and the first white settlers did not arrive until the early 1800's. On December 29, 1835, the Cherokees signed a controversial treaty surrendering their lands here to the U.S. Government. A short . . . Map (db m114840) HM
60 Alabama, Cherokee County, Centre — Garrett Cemetery
Final resting place of Chief Pathkiller (B. 1749 - D. 1827) who served as principal chief of the Cherokee Nation. Many prominent early settlers are also interred here including newspaper editor and publisher, Confederate infantry captain and . . . Map (db m114282) HM
61 Alabama, Cherokee County, Centre — Pathkiller - Childers - Garrett Ferry
Cherokee Chief Pathkiller owned a ferry across the Coosa River at this location in the early 1820's. His home was a short distance on the east side of the river. Upon Pathkiller's death in 1827, John Ride, a prominent Cherokee gained a majority . . . Map (db m114281) HM
62 Alabama, Cherokee County, Centre — Turkey Town Council Site
One mile south was an important Indian Council site from about 1707. Named for noted chief, the "Turkey". Here in October 1816, a council of Cherokees, Creeks, and Chickasaws met to settle boundaries and ratify a peace treaty. General Andrew . . . Map (db m114989) HM
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63 Alabama, Cherokee County, Gaylesville — Barry Springs Indian Stockade
One hundred feet east was one site where "The Trail of Tears" began. On May 23, 1838 the Indians of this general area, who had been held in a chestnut log stockade after being gathered by the U.S. Army, began their long trek to Oklahoma. The . . . Map (db m114398) HM
64 Alabama, Cherokee County, Gaylesville — ChattoogaFormer Capital of the Cherokee Nation
In 1820 the Cherokee Nation divided its territory into eight districts with land in Alabama, Georgia, the village of North Carolina, and Tennessee. Chattooga was chosen as base for the Alabama district, and a small log cabin near here served as its . . . Map (db m235694) HM
65 Alabama, Cherokee County, Gaylesville — History of Taff, Alabama
Cherokee County established - 1836 Area Cherokee Indians relocated - 1838 Taff Community established - 1842 Community named in honor of Taff family - 1842 Union and Confederate soldiers occupied the area - 1864 Taff post office established . . . Map (db m114743) HM
66 Alabama, Clarke County, Bashi — Choctaw Corner
Established by Choctaw and Creek Indians about 1808 as the northern limit of boundary line between their lands. This line begins at the cut-off in South Clarke County, follows the watershed between Alabama and Tombigbee Rivers without crossing . . . Map (db m83271) HM
67 Alabama, Clarke County, Claiborne — 93001517 — Dellet-Bedsole PlantationC. 1850 — National Register of Historic Places —
This 4000 acre complex has been recognized for its contribution to our understanding of the history of Monroe County and the State of Alabama. Originally developed as a cotton plantation during the Antebellum period, this farm has been in continuous . . . Map (db m80345) HM
68 Alabama, Clarke County, Coffeeville — The Mitchell Reserve
This marker stands inside the Mitchell Reserve, created Nov. 16, 1805 by the Treaty of Mount Dexter between the Choctaw Nation & the United States. The Reserve begins at a "post on the left bank of the Tombigbee River opposite the lower end of . . . Map (db m244880) HM
69 Alabama, Clarke County, Gainestown — Gainestown
Founded in 1809 by George Strother Gaines as Choctaw-Creek Indian Trading Post on Alabama River, now Gainestown Landing. Here lived Alabama Indians for whom State & River named. At Battle of Maubila De Soto's hogs escaped, from whence . . . Map (db m101609) HM
70 Alabama, Clarke County, Gainestown — The Canoe Fight
On November 12, 1813, the Canoe Fight, one of the key assaults of the Creek War, took place nearby at the mouth of Randon’s Creek where it flows into the Alabama River. Following the Fort Mims Massacre in August, small bands of Creek warriors . . . Map (db m101574) HM
71 Alabama, Clarke County, Grove Hill — Salt Pans and Furnaces
Far beneath parts of Clarke, Washington, and Mobile counties sit vast deposits of salt. In some places, natural springs bring salty water known as brine from this enormous underground salt dome up to the surface. For as long as this geological . . . Map (db m234677) HM
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72 Alabama, Clarke County, Grove Hill — Turner Corncrib
This corncrib was dismantled and moved here from West Bend in 2002. It is believed that logs from Fort Turner, a fortification built during the Creek War of 1813, were used to construct the corncrib.Map (db m234675) HM
73 Alabama, Clarke County, Rockville — Central Salt Works
Here was located the large and important Central Salt Works. Official government reports indicate that salt was being mined at this works as early as 1816, but the Indians had obtained salt here for centuries prior to this. During the blockade of . . . Map (db m101605) HM
74 Alabama, Clarke County, Rockville — Gravesite of Major Jeremiah Austill
Near this site, is the gravesite of Maj. Jeremiah Austill, folk hero & prominent figure in the early settlement of Clarke County. Born in 1794 in S. C., he lived, along with his parents, Capt. Evan and Sara Austill, among the Cherokee in Ga. . . . Map (db m101588) HM
75 Alabama, Clarke County, Suggsville — Fort Madison-Creek War 1812-13
This marks the site of pioneer stockade commanded by Captains Sam Dale and Evan Austill. Choctaw Chieftain Pushmattaha often here. Expedition terminating in noted Canoe Fight on Alabama River immediately east of this site, was . . . Map (db m101566) HM
76 Alabama, Clarke County, Thomasville — Tallahatta Springs
These springs, once called the “celebrated watering place,” believed at one time to have numbered seventeen, all in an area smaller than a baseball diamond, are about ¼ mile south from this point at the headwaters of Tallahatta Creek. They and . . . Map (db m203671) HM
77 Alabama, Clarke County, Whatley — Fort Sinquefield
Fort Sinquefield Kimbell - James Massacre Creek War 1812-13 Erected by Clarke County School Children 1931 Lest we forget Hayden and his dogs.Map (db m115627) HM
78 Alabama, Clarke County, Whatley — Kimbell - James Massacre←½ mile—
Sept. 1, 1813 Creek Indian War. 1813-14 Part of War of 1812. British used Pensacola as base to arm, incite Indians against U.S.. Prophet Francis led Indians in this raid on Kimbell home. They killed and scalped 12 of 14 (two survivors . . . Map (db m47635) HM
79 Alabama, Clarke County, Whatley — Old Indian Trail
Here passed the Old Indian Trail used as a dividing line between the Choctaw and Creek Tribes. General Andrew Jackson and his troops rested here for the night in 1813.Map (db m47633) HM
80 Alabama, Clarke County, Whatley — Old Line Road
Commences at the Cut-Off, or the first high ground in that vicinity, follows the watershed between the Alabama and Tombigbee Rivers, and ends at Choctaw Corner. Established in 1808 by the Creek and Choctaw Indians as the dividing line between their . . . Map (db m47628) HM
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81 Alabama, Clarke County, Whatley — Whatley, Alabama
Front Originally home to Creek and Choctaw Indians, Whatley was first settled by pioneers about 1808. Some of the most famous events in Clarke County’s history happened in or near Whatley. A Creek War battle occurred here in 1812 at Fort . . . Map (db m110971) HM
82 Alabama, Clay County, Ashland — Clay County and the Creek Indian War of 1813-14 / Clay County and the Creek Indian Confederacy
Side 1 Clay County and the Creek Indian War of 1813-14 During the Creek Indian War of 1813-14, a subset of the War of 1812 with England, numerous figures prominent in American history marched over what would become Clay . . . Map (db m95100) HM
83 Alabama, Clay County, Delta — Native American Footsteps
As you walk across this mountain, you will step in their footsteps. They worked, played, laughed, cried, loved, fought, and admired this mountain. Rock shelters near the base of the mountain have revealed archaeological evidence of the presence . . . Map (db m175321) HM
84 Alabama, Clay County, Goodwater — Battle of EnitachopkoCreek Indian War 1813-14. — ← 4 mi. E. —
Hostile Creeks attacked Andrew Jackson, withdrawing to Ft. Strother, Jan. 24, 1814. His troops broke through lines, kept on to Ft. Strother. But Creeks boasted that they defeated 'Capt. Jack', drove him to the Coosa.Map (db m95076) HM
85 Alabama, Cleburne County, Muscadine — Hernando de Soto in Alabama
The De Soto Trail Hernando De Soto in Alabama Hernando de Soto brought his 700-man army to Alabama in the fall of 1540. This was the first major European expedition to the interior of the southeastern United States. The De Soto . . . Map (db m114373) HM
86 Alabama, Colbert County, Cherokee — A Chickasaw PlanterNatchez Trace Parkway
During the early 1800s, a slave-owning planter class including George Colbert’s family, emerged among the Chickasaw. George’s success stemmed from a variety of endeavors. He fought with the Americans against the Shawnee and Creeks, traveled to . . . Map (db m107261) HM
87 Alabama, Colbert County, Cherokee — Bridging CulturesNatchez Trace Parkway
Here, near the bubbling waters of Buzzard Roost Spring, Levi Colbert (Itawamba Minko, “Bench Chief”) built one of the many inns—called stands—along the Natchez Trace. But it was Colbert’s negotiating and language skills . . . Map (db m107265) HM
88 Alabama, Colbert County, Cherokee — Chickasaw HospitalityNatchez Trace Parkway
George Colbert's stand sat atop the ridge before you. As one of many inns that dotted the Trace between Nashville and Natchez, it provided travelers with food and lodging. With a Scottish father and Chickasaw mother, George Colbert used his . . . Map (db m107260) HM
89 Alabama, Colbert County, Cherokee — Chickasaw Indian Agency
was moved by Benjamin Smith from Pontotoc, Miss. in 1825 to this site, known as Bennkhinnah, where it remained until 1837. Bennkhinnah Post Office, established at the Agency in 1829, was renamed Newport in 1837. In 1856 with D. C. Oates as . . . Map (db m156992) HM
90 Alabama, Colbert County, Cherokee — George Colbert Memorial
This monument is to memorialize Chickasaw Chief George Colbert who operated a river ferry, traveler’s stand, and had a home on this Natchez Trace site. Colbert Co. AL was named in his honor.Map (db m84706) HM
91 Alabama, Colbert County, Cherokee — Mhoontown CemeteryColbert County
Chickasaw Indian removal began in July 1837. This removal allowed white settlers to establish residence in Colbert County. One example of this is the Mhoon family who migrated from Halifax County, North Carolina in June 1837. They built their . . . Map (db m244515) HM
92 Alabama, Colbert County, Cherokee — Safe CrossingNatchez Trace Parkway — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
In the early 1800s, ferries like the one George Colbert ran near here on the Tennessee River linked segments of the Natchez Trace. Ferries carried people across the river—for a fee. Post riders, Kaintucks, military troops, casual travelers, . . . Map (db m107258) HM
93 Alabama, Colbert County, Cherokee — Something to Chew onNatchez Trace Parkway — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Inns, or stands, provided occasional shelter for travelers along the Natchez Trace. These stands offered flood to eat and food for thought: local news, information, and ideas. The ever-changing mix of diverse populations—whites, American . . . Map (db m107263) HM
94 Alabama, Colbert County, Cherokee — Trace TravelersNatchez Trace Parkway
Frontier America once walked along the Natchez Trace. The Chickasaw and Choctaw used the Trace for transportation and trade. After 1801, with tribal permission, post riders who rode the Trace connected isolated settlements in Mississippi and . . . Map (db m107257) HM
95 Alabama, Colbert County, Muscle Shoals — Natural and Cultural Preservation/Protecting Resources
Natural and Cultural Preservation TVA is fully committed to protecting our natural and cultural resources. And nowhere is that more evident than right here at Wilson Dam. Here, the 25-acre Old First quarters Small Wild Area showcases the . . . Map (db m106189)
96 Alabama, Colbert County, Sheffield — History of Sheffield
Side A Prehistoric man arrived in this area bout 10,000 years ago. Later Indian cultures left many stone artifacts and pottery vessels. In the 1780s, a French trading post and Indian village were located near the mouth of Spring Creek. . . . Map (db m83389) HM
97 Alabama, Colbert County, Tuscumbia — American Indian History
Side 1 Oka Kapassa (Ococoposa), meaning "Cold Water", was the Chickasaw name given to Spring Creek and to a trading post established near the Tennessee River about 1780. About 1817, Michael Dickerson and others were greeted at what by . . . Map (db m83393) HM
98 Alabama, Colbert County, Tuscumbia — History of Tuscumbia, Alabama
(Obverse): The area around the Big Spring was inhabited by prehistoric Native Americans as early as 10,000 years ago. The first settlement was a French trading post and Indian village about 1780 on Cold Water Creek (Spring Creek) near the . . . Map (db m83396) HM
99 Alabama, Colbert County, Tuscumbia — Sacred TearsBy Branko Medenica — September 19, 2003 —
Panel 1 Tuscumbia and much of the Shoals area played an integral part in the "Trail of Tears" with the Tennessee River route and the overland routes. In 1825, the U.S. Government formally adopted a removal policy, which was carried out . . . Map (db m83403) HM
100 Alabama, Colbert County, Tuscumbia — Tuscumbia Big Spring
Big Spring (average daily flow 35,000,000 gallons) provided water for town founded on its banks. Michael Dickson of Tennessee was first settler (about 1817). Town laid out in 1819 and incorporated as Ococoposo (Cold Water, 1820). Name changed to . . . Map (db m83453) HM

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Apr. 19, 2024