Enon in Chesterfield County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
African-Americans in the Confederate War Eﬀort
The Bermuda Hundred Campaign
Late in the war, with Gen. Lee’s manpower reserves quickly dwindling, General Orders #14 were issued which allowed for the enlistment of blacks into the Confederate service.
The only known company of African-American troops in the Confederate army was recruited out of Richmond by Major James W. Pegram and Thomas P. Turner in the ﬁnal days of the war. On April 5, 1865, these men were captured during Lee’s Retreat when the wagon train they were guarding was attacked by Federal cavalry at Painesville.
On April 10, as Confederate prisoners were being marched back to City Point, a Union Chaplain observed the column:
“The ﬁrst installment [sic] of Rebel prisoners, numbering seventeen hundred and seventy, have just passed, under strong guard...In the squad were many negros recently armed by Jef. Davis”
The incident seems to be the only documented episode
African-Americans were also with the First Regiment Engineer Troops on the retreat. These men repaired roads, built bridges, and helped to extricate artillery pieces and wagons that were stuck in the mud
When Lee surrendered his army at Appomattox, thirty-six African-Americans were listed on the Confederate paroles. Most were either servants, free blacks, musicians, cooks, teamsters, or blacksmiths. While few Black southerners served as combat troops in the Confederate Army, many worked in other capacities.
This sign was sponsored by Dr. Mike Chesson, Belmont, MA
Erected 2016 by Chesterfield County and the Blue & Gray Education Society.
Location. 37° 19.082′ N, 77° 20.225′ W. Marker is in Enon, Virginia, in Chesterfield County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of Enon Church Road (Virginia Route 746) and Point of Rocks Road, on the left when traveling west. Touch for map. The marker is located in Historic Point of Rocks Park (under development). Marker is at or near this postal address: 1005 Enon Church Rd, Chester VA 23836, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. United States Colored Troops in the Army of the James (here, next to this marker); Point of Rocks Hospital Ward (here, next to this marker); The Siege of Petersburg Begins (within shouting distance of this marker); The First Attacks on Petersburg (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Abraham Lincoln at Point of Rocks (about 400 feet away); Broadway Landing (about 400 feet away); Appomattox River Overlook (about 400 feet away); Nurses at Point of Rocks Hospital (about 600 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Enon.
Also see . . . Bermuda Hundred Sign Campaign. Blue & Gray Education Society (Submitted on October 30, 2017.)
Categories. • African Americans • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on October 30, 2017. This page originally submitted on October 30, 2017, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 102 times since then and 32 times this year. Photos: 1. submitted on October 30, 2017, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. 2, 3. submitted on October 30, 2017. 4. submitted on October 30, 2017, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.