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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Keno in Klamath County, Oregon — The American West (Northwest)
 

Spencer Creek Crossing / Camp Day

 
 
Spencer Creek Crossing / Camp Day Marker image. Click for full size.
By Douglass Halvorsen, January 11, 2015
1. Spencer Creek Crossing / Camp Day Marker
Inscription.
(Front side)
Camp Day
Occupied by U.S. Army in 1860. Located
on Spencer Creek 1/2 mile upstream.

(Back side)
Spencer Creek crossing
Applegate Trail - 1846 only.
Southern Oregon Wagon Road - 1869

 
Erected 1974 by Klamath County Historical Society, Emigrant Trails Inc. (Marker Number A-57.)
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Applegate Trail marker series.
 
Location. 42° 9.158′ N, 122° 1.684′ W. Marker is in Keno, Oregon, in Klamath County. Marker is on Unnamed Road 0.3 miles from Keno Access Road. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Keno OR 97627, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 5 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Second Klamath River Ford (approx. 0.7 miles away); Klamath River Crossing (approx. 1.1 miles away); The Applegate Trail (approx. 1.1 miles away); a different marker also named Applegate Trail (approx. 1.1 miles away); Cooper Stage - Station Site (approx. 2.9 miles away); Walters Cabin Tree Planting (approx. 3.9 miles away); Bear Valley (approx. 3.9 miles away); Weyerhaeuser Camp 3 (approx. 5 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Keno.
 
More about this marker.
Spencer Creek Crossing / Camp Day Marker image. Click for full size.
By Douglass Halvorsen, January 11, 2015
2. Spencer Creek Crossing / Camp Day Marker
Marker is located about 1/2 mile east of Keno Access Rd and south of a dirt track road.
 
Regarding Spencer Creek Crossing / Camp Day. The route of the historic Applegate Trail passed through this location in the year 1846 only. Although not listed on the plaque, this marker is number A-57 in the Applegate Trail series of markers monumented by Trails West Inc. and appears in their booklet titled A Guide to the Applegate Trail From Goose Lake to Southern Oregon available for sale on their website.

Oregon History Project contains additional history on Camp Day and reads: The black and white photograph below by U.S. Army Lt. Lorenzo Lorain provides a striking view of Camp Day, a temporary encampment in the Klamath Basin used by the military over the summer and fall of 1860. It features members of Lorainís Company L, Third Artillery division then attached to Fort Umpqua on the Oregon Coast.

This military expedition to the Klamath Basin was the result of on-going problems between Indian groups and Euro-American settlers along the southern emigrant trail. Since the late 1840s, American pioneers had traveled in ever increasing numbers to southern Oregon and by the late 1850s, they began to covet the fertile grazing areas in the Klamath Basin. The basin was home to the Klamath in the north and the Modoc in the south.
Spencer Creek Crossing / Camp Day Marker image. Click for full size.
By Douglass Halvorsen, January 11, 2015
3. Spencer Creek Crossing / Camp Day Marker
The Rogue River War of 1855-56 in southwestern Oregon, and a series of violent clashes in the Klamath Basin during the 1850s, heightened tensions between Euro American and Native communities. Reports sent to army officials in California expressed concern that the settlersí determination to move onto the Indiansí traditional territory would provoke another regional conflict. In the fall of 1859, sub-Indian agent G. H. Abbott learned from the Klamath that the Paiute of eastern Oregon had proposed that the Klamath and Modoc join them in military action against the settlers. The Klamath told Abbott that they were divided on the issue.

Upon receiving orders from military officials in San Francisco “to give temporary security to the Upper Klamath Country,” 1st Lt. Alexander Piper and 2nd Lt. Lorenzo Lorain departed with the Fort Umpqua artillery company in early July 1860. The group included sixty-six soldiers and a civilian physician, William G. Hatch. They reached their destination on July 16, 1860, and established Camp Day at a site near the confluence of Spencer Creek and the Klamath River. Over the next three months, the men of Company L had a welcome break from the monotony of life at Fort Umpqua. This was due in large part to the apparent easing of tensions between settlers and Natives at the time. Lt. Piper and Lt. Lorain had several meetings with local Klamath
Spencer Creek Crossing / Camp Day Marker image. Click for full size.
By Douglass Halvorsen, January 11, 2015
4. Spencer Creek Crossing / Camp Day Marker
and Modoc groups in which they learned of the Indiansí concerns and their desire to remain on friendly terms with the army. The Natives were particularly insistent that the settlers respect Klamath and Modoc territorial rights and compensate them for the use of their natural resources. Lt. Piper warned military officials in California that unless action was taken to address the attitudes of the settlers and the position of the Indians, “troubles will occur.” Problems did not arise that summer, and in early October 1860, Company L struck the temporary camp and returned to Fort Umpqua.
 
Also see . . .  Oregon History Project. (Submitted on January 17, 2018, by Douglass Halvorsen of Klamath Falls, Oregon.)
 
Categories. ExplorationForts, CastlesRoads & Vehicles
 
Spencer Creek Crossing / Camp Day Marker image. Click for full size.
By Douglass Halvorsen
5. Spencer Creek Crossing / Camp Day Marker
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on January 19, 2018. This page originally submitted on January 17, 2018, by Douglass Halvorsen of Klamath Falls, Oregon. This page has been viewed 92 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on January 17, 2018, by Douglass Halvorsen of Klamath Falls, Oregon. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
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