“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Roads & Vehicles Topic

Autaugaville Marker image, Touch for more information
By Mark Hilton, August 26, 2013
Autaugaville Marker
1 Alabama, Autauga County, Autaugaville — AutaugavilleIntersection of Autauga and Academy Streets — "America's First Crossroad" —
Robert Ripley's world-wide syndicated Believe It Or Not! column for July 31, 1935 read: "C. D. Abbott is the first citizen of the U.S.A. He is first alphabetically in Autaugaville, the first town in Autauga, the first county in Alabama, the . . . Map (db m68839) HM
2 Alabama, Autauga County, Prattville — Happy Hollow
Known as Fair Road, Sixth Street from Northington Street to the big curve was called “Happy Hollow”. The road went to the Fair home place but also curved right, into Warren Circle. Here stood a small frame church where the congregation’s . . . Map (db m70800) HM
3 Alabama, Autauga County, Prattville — Old Plank RoadCirca 1840's
The plank road was constructed of large pine logs, sawed lengthwise and laid round-side down. Daniel Pratt built the road for public benefit and to provide transportation from the Pratt Cotton Gin Factory to Washington on the Alabama River. Over . . . Map (db m27983) HM
4 Alabama, Baldwin County, Daphne — The Eastern Shore Trail
The Eastern Shore Trail is a 24-mile pedestrian/bike trail from US Hwy 98 at Gator Alley in Daphne to Weeks Bay on Scenic Hwy 98. Teko Wiseman, founder of the Baldwin County Trailblazers-the organization responsible for the trail's . . . Map (db m128881)
5 Alabama, Baldwin County, Lottie — History of Lottie, Alabama
Front Lottie has the highest elevation in Baldwin County. A ridge forms a divide where waters to the east flow into Pensacola Bay and waters to the west flow into Mobile Bay. Pine Log Creek begins in Lottie. Pine Log Ditch, used to . . . Map (db m122349) HM
6 Alabama, Baldwin County, Spanish Fort — Caisson Trace
A trail used in early times by Indians, Spanish Explorers, French Settlers and later by soldiers during the battle of Spanish Fort 1865. At one time a stream driven train paralleled this trace. Its ancient road bed can still be seen south of this . . . Map (db m100877) HM
7 Alabama, Barbour County, Eufaula — Eufaula-Montgomery Roadway
This stretch of road between Eufaula and the Bullock County line was reconstructed thro the initiative and assistance of Edward Trippe Comer, of Savannah, GA. Its perpetual upkeep is insured by a fund of $100,000.00 set up in trust by him in 1919. . . . Map (db m163247) HM
8 Alabama, Barbour County, Eufaula — General Grierson’s March
This road marks the entrance into Eufaula of Federal Troops on April 29, 1865. Lee had surrendered at Appomattox, Virginia on April 9. General Benjamin H. Grierson was advancing with four thousand cavalry from Mobile and was then about at . . . Map (db m82872) HM
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9 Alabama, Blount County, Locust Fork — Gabriel Hanby, 1786-1826← Grave and Homesite 300 Yards
Member Constitutional Convention 1819 First Senator of Blount County Brigadier General, Alabama Militia County road and court systems organized at his house 1820.Map (db m32484) HM
10 Alabama, Bullock County, Blues Old Stand — Three Notch Road
Side 1 Built by U.S. Army engineers over the summer of 1824, Three Notch Road has served as Bullock County’s major transportation route throughout its history. It was constructed to facilitate military communication between Pensacola . . . Map (db m89638) HM
11 Alabama, Bullock County, Midway — Jefferson Davis Highway
Soldiers of the Confederacy and of the World War Map (db m111575) HM
12 Alabama, Bullock County, Three Notch — Three Notch Road
Side 1 Built by U.S. Army engineers over the summer of 1824, Three Notch Road has served as Bullock County’s major transportation route throughout its history. It was constructed to facilitate military communication between Pensacola . . . Map (db m89637) HM
13 Alabama, Butler County, Chapman — Early Native Americans in Butler County / Indian Trails and Travelers in Butler County
Early Native Americans in Butler County Native Americans lived in the land that would become Alabama for thousands of years before settlers arrived. They included the Creeks, a multiethnic confederacy of tribes descended from the . . . Map (db m246820) HM
14 Alabama, Butler County, Greenville — Bartram's Trail
Front William Bartram, America's first great naturalist, passed through northwest Butler County in July 1775. He described the "limestone rocks" and "banks of various kinds of sea shells" left by oceans that covered this area millions of . . . Map (db m120937) HM
15 Alabama, Butler County, Greenville — The Federal Road and The Palings / Fort Dale 1818
The Federal Road and the Palings The Federal Road was built in 1806 as a shorter route from Washington to New Orleans and the new Louisiana Territory. The road entered Alabama at Fort Mitchell, Georgia and passed through Butler County near this . . . Map (db m130050) HM
16 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — 7 — Anniston Memorial HospitalMay 14, 1961 — Anniston Civil Rights Trail —
When seven injured "Freedom Riders" arrived at the Hospital on this date, the mob that had attacked them earlier in the day followed. The Riders were testing desegregation of public transportation in the South by riding buses. The bus they . . . Map (db m106647) HM
17 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — Freedom Riders
On May 14, 1961, a Greyhound bus left Atlanta, GA carrying among its passengers seven members of the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), a.k.a. the “Freedom Riders,” on a journey to test interstate bus segregation. The bus was met by an angry mob . . . Map (db m35737) HM
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18 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — Governor Thomas E. Kilby1865-1943
Outstanding local industrialist as President, Kilby Steel Company; Chairman, Board of Directors, Alabama Pipe Company; President, City National and Anniston National Banks. Served as Mayor of Anniston (1905-09); State Senator (1911-15); Lieutenant . . . Map (db m35758) HM
19 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — 3 — Greyhound Bus Station Protest, May 14, 1961 — Anniston Civil Rights Trail —
Front This was the site of the Greyhound bus terminal where on May 14, 1961, a bus carrying black and white Civil Rights Activists known as "Freedom Riders" was attacked by a mob of whites who were protesting desegregation of public . . . Map (db m106621) HM
20 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — Horror and Disbelief1:55 p.m. - 2:30 p.m. — Freedom Riders National Monument —
The violence reached a crescendo when a flaming bundle of rags was thrown into one of the broken windows. Within seconds, the bundle exploded, sending dark gray smoke throughout the bus. Three of the Riders found open windows, dropping to the . . . Map (db m217417) HM
21 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — Prelude / Arrival — Freedom Riders National Monument —
Prelude: 12 p.m.- 12:54 p.m. Just before this picture of the Greyhound Bus Depot at 1031 Gurnee (below left) was taken, approximately 75 men had gathered in front of it. They quickly dispersed as free-lance photographer for The Anniston Star, . . . Map (db m217412) HM
22 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — Pursuit / Trapped — Freedom Riders National Monument —
Pursuit: 1:25 p.m. - 1:35 p.m. Heading to Birmingham, the battered bus turned south on Gurnee from the station and west on 10th St. while men rushed to their cars to follow. Police escorted the bus to the city limits where they turned back, . . . Map (db m217416) HM
23 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — Rescue / Escape — Freedom Riders National Monument —
Rescue Once there, all of the injured were treated at the urging of an FBI agent on the scene. In the meantime, the crowd outside the hospital grew larger and more menacing, with some Klansmen threatening to burn the building to the ground. At . . . Map (db m217420) HM
24 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — The Ambush / The Police — Freedom Riders National Monument —
The Ambush: 12:54 p.m. - 1:10 p.m. The silence didn't last long. Anniston Klansman William Chappell and a screaming mob of about 50 white men surrounded the bus. An 18-year-old Klansman, Roger Couch, lay on the pavement in front of the bus to . . . Map (db m217413) HM
25 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — The Burning Bus — Freedom Riders National Monument —
While the Riders awaited rescue, the bus continued to burn. The Anniston Fire Department extinguished the flames and administered oxygen. A state trooper called an ambulance, but it took Cowling to force the driver to carry the injured black Riders . . . Map (db m217419) HM
26 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — The Freedom Rides — Freedom Riders National Monument —
The Rides began in May 1961 when the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) decided to test a 1960 U. S. Supreme Court ruling that outlawed segregation in depot restaurants and restrooms serving interstate passengers. Previously, CORE had organized a . . . Map (db m217406) HM
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27 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — The Photograph — Freedom Riders National Monument —
The most famous photograph of the Freedom Rides and one of the most iconic of the Civil Rights movement was taken by a freelance photographer for The Anniston Star. Joe Postiglione, called “Little Joe” by his friends, was tipped off by the Greyhound . . . Map (db m217422) HM
28 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — The Segregationists — Freedom Riders National Monument —
The Alabama Knights of the Ku Klux Klan had known about the Freedom Ride since mid-April and had detailed information on the city-by-city itinerary, thanks to FBI memos forwarded to the Birmingham Police Department. In a series of secret meetings in . . . Map (db m217411) HM
29 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — The Selection Process — Freedom Riders National Monument —
CORE leadership solicited applicants for the Ride from outside the organization as well as CORE veterans. They tried to achieve a reasonably balanced mixture of black and white, young and old, religious and secular. The only deliberate imbalance was . . . Map (db m217410) HM
30 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — Trailways AttackSeeking Justice
1st Panel Two busloads of Freedom Riders arrived in Alabama on Sunday, May 14, 1961, bound for New Orleans. It was an organized effort by the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) to challenge the South's continued defiance of U. S. . . . Map (db m106721) HM
31 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — 2 — Trailways Bus Station AttackMay 14, 1961 — Anniston Civil Rights Trail —
Throughout the first half of the 20th century, race relations in the South were dominated by local "Jim Crow" laws. Although in 1960 the Supreme Court ruled that racial segregation violated the Interstate Commerce Act, local laws persisted. . . . Map (db m106605) HM
32 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — Triumph — Freedom Riders National Monument —
But the Ride didn't end. The national newspaper and television coverage of what had happened galvanized the Nashville Student Movement, which already had experience successfully challenging segregationist practices through lunch counter sit-ins, . . . Map (db m217421) HM
33 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — Who Were the Riders? — Freedom Riders National Monument —
In Atlanta, the Riders separated into two integrated groups to board two different buses; the seven who were on the Greyhound bus destined for Anniston included: • Albert Bigelow, 55 white male from Connecticut (a retired naval officer, . . . Map (db m217409) HM
34 Alabama, Calhoun County, Oxford — Boiling Springs Road — Choccolocco Park Interpretive Trail —
Boiling Springs Road once provided a vital transportation link across Choccolocco Creek for residents of the valley. The road received its name from the Boiling Spring (pictured below and to the right) located across the creek at this location. . . . Map (db m145023) HM
35 Alabama, Chambers County, Five Points — Five Points, Alabama: Town of Five
In 1885, Five Points was named because of five roads converging at a single point. Before this, the post office was known as Lystra, operated by Postmaster W.C. Smith. The town was incorporated in 1915, making the town Chambers County's oldest . . . Map (db m195788) HM
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36 Alabama, Clarke County, Whatley — Old Indian Trail
Here passed the Old Indian Trail used as a dividing line between the Choctaw and Creek Tribes. General Andrew Jackson and his troops rested here for the night in 1813.Map (db m47633) HM
37 Alabama, Clarke County, Whatley — Old Line Road
Commences at the Cut-Off, or the first high ground in that vicinity, follows the watershed between the Alabama and Tombigbee Rivers, and ends at Choctaw Corner. Established in 1808 by the Creek and Choctaw Indians as the dividing line between their . . . Map (db m47628) HM
38 Alabama, Colbert County, Cherokee — Colbert Ferry
This scene would have occurred far below the surface of the lake you see now. From 1802 to 1819, George Colbert operated a ferry across the quarter-mile breadth of the powerful Tennessee River. The ferry carried mail, militia, settlers, Indians and . . . Map (db m84705) HM
39 Alabama, Colbert County, Cherokee — Levi Colbert Stand
Levi Colbert, a Chickasaw Chief, operated a stand near here that served Old Trace travelers in the early 1800's. Adjacent to this area was a spring which provided an abundant water supply.Map (db m84708) HM
40 Alabama, Colbert County, Cherokee — Safe CrossingNatchez Trace Parkway — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
In the early 1800s, ferries like the one George Colbert ran near here on the Tennessee River linked segments of the Natchez Trace. Ferries carried people across the river—for a fee. Post riders, Kaintucks, military troops, casual travelers, . . . Map (db m107258) HM
41 Alabama, Colbert County, Cherokee — Something to Chew onNatchez Trace Parkway — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Inns, or stands, provided occasional shelter for travelers along the Natchez Trace. These stands offered flood to eat and food for thought: local news, information, and ideas. The ever-changing mix of diverse populations—whites, American . . . Map (db m107263) HM
42 Alabama, Colbert County, Cherokee — Trace TravelersNatchez Trace Parkway
Frontier America once walked along the Natchez Trace. The Chickasaw and Choctaw used the Trace for transportation and trade. After 1801, with tribal permission, post riders who rode the Trace connected isolated settlements in Mississippi and . . . Map (db m107257) HM
43 Alabama, Colbert County, Leighton — Alabama's Historic Byler RoadAlabama's First Road
Front Byler Road Pioneer's settled path to new lands, agriculture, transport and commerce that began in Northwest Alabama. 140 mile corridor/route designated on December 19th, 1819 by the State Legislature. This was . . . Map (db m205287) HM
44 Alabama, Colbert County, Leighton — History of Leighton
Side 1 Leighton developed at the intersection of the Byler Road (1819) and the Tuscumbia - Courtland Stage Road (1820), where the Jeffers/Gregg Tavern served the needs of travelers as early as 1810. Leighton was named for William . . . Map (db m153259) HM
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45 Alabama, Colbert County, Muscle Shoals — Howell & Graves School
Marker Front: Muscle Shoals City was incorporated on April 24, 1923. Among the leading developers were New York realtors A.L. Howell and C.T. Graves. Their interest in Muscle Shoals was inspired by the vision of Henry Ford to use power from . . . Map (db m28580) HM
46 Alabama, Colbert County, Muscle Shoals — Muscle Shoals National Recreational Trail
The Muscle Shoals National Recreational Trail complex is a 17-mile paved and primitive trail and bikeway for public use located on TVA’s Muscle Shoals Reservation. This National Recreation Trail System connects numerous historical sites including . . . Map (db m106117) HM
47 Alabama, Colbert County, Sheffield — Old Railroad Bridge
In 1832, the Alabama legislature authorized the Florence Bridge Company to construct this bridge across the Tennessee River. In 1840, it opened as a toll bridge. Twice damaged by storms, it was reopened in 1858 as a double-decked bridge by the . . . Map (db m40596) HM
48 Alabama, Colbert County, Tuscumbia — Jackson's Military Road
After the Battle of New Orleans in 1815, General Andrew Jackson proposed this road as a shorter and improved route for military movements between Nashville and New Orleans. The U.S. War Department authorized Jackson to appoint an engineer and . . . Map (db m83401) HM
49 Alabama, Conecuh County, Bermuda — Old Federal Road
Near Bermuda was the home of Jeremiah Austill, who won fame in the canoe fight on the Alabama River during the Creek Indian War. His first wife, Sarah, died of injuries from falling off a fence during an Indian raid.Map (db m81280) HM
50 Alabama, Conecuh County, Midway — Old Federal Road
For a few months between 1811—1818 the nationally infamous highwayman, Joseph Thompson Hare, operated with his gang along the Federal Road. They headquartered at Turk's Cave near Brooklyn in Conecuh County. In his confession he referred to the . . . Map (db m81282) HM
51 Alabama, Conecuh County, Pine Orchard — Old Federal RoadFort Warren
Site of Fort Warren, built in 1816 by Colonel Richard Warren, who owned considerable land in this vicinity. This facility was used as a refuge for settlers who feared for their lives in the early days of the aftermath of the Creek Indian Wars of . . . Map (db m47689) HM
52 Alabama, Conecuh County, Repton — Old Federal Road
Duncan MacMillan’s stage stop was located near here. According to traveler James Stuart in 1830, he (Duncan) “did not taste fermented liquor” and “thought coffee was the best stimulant.” Mr. McMillan came from Scotland and like many early settlers . . . Map (db m81278) HM
53 Alabama, Covington County, Andalusia — Three Notch Road / Hank and Audrey Williams
[Side A:] Three Notch Road Established 1824 The Three Notch Road was a 90-mile section of a 230-mile military road to connect Pensacola with Fort Mitchell in Russell County on the Chattahoochee River. Capt. Daniel E. . . . Map (db m83456) HM
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54 Alabama, Dallas County, Cahaba — Vine Street Reported permanently removed
Vine Street was Cahawba's business district. Stores, offices and hotels were tightly packed together along these three blocks. Homes were scattered over an entire square mile. Nearly every house had a yard of one or two acres.Map (db m83520) HM
55 Alabama, DeKalb County, Rainsville — McCurdy House
Built in 1931 by the McCurdy family, the home's interior was lined completely with cedar wood and the floor made of hand selected quarter-sawed oak. Beveled glass was in the windows and doors. Home to a delicatessen in the 1980s, plans were being . . . Map (db m156252) HM
56 Alabama, DeKalb County, Sulphur Springs — The De Soto TrailHernando De Soto In Alabama
Hernando De Soto brought his 700-man army to Alabama in the fall of 1540. This was the first major European expedition to the interior of the southeastern United States. The De Soto expedition had landed at Tampa Bay, Florida, in the spring of . . . Map (db m213362) HM
57 Alabama, Etowah County, Attalla — “The Junction”Attalla
For thousands of years, two important Indian trade routes ran across what was to become Etowah County. The “High Town Path” ran from Charlestown, S.C. west to the Mississippi River, near Memphis, TN. The “Creek Path” begins . . . Map (db m39226) HM
58 Alabama, Franklin County, Russellville — Byler's Old Turnpike
Beginning in Lauderdale County where it connected to Jackson's Old Military Road, Byler's Turnpike ran to Tuscaloosa. Only days after Alabama's statehood 14 Dec 1819, this first state road was approved by the legislature. Laid out along portions of . . . Map (db m153263) HM
59 Alabama, Franklin County, Russellville — Russellville
Incorporated on November 27, 1819, three weeks before Alabama achieved statehood, Russellville was platted around the intersection of two historic roads. Edmund Pendleton Gaines began work on the road that would bear his name on December 26, . . . Map (db m83750) HM
60 Alabama, Jefferson County, Birmingham — C29 — Greyhound Bus StationDestination — Birmingham Civil Rights Heritage Trail —
Built 1950 (Remodeled in the 1970s), 618 19th St. N. The Greyhound bus station was a stop of the 1961 Freedom Riders, a group of Blacks and Whites who rode buses together across state lines to disobey segregation laws in the Deep South. A . . . Map (db m187718) HM
61 Alabama, Jefferson County, Birmingham — Roebuck Spring
In 1850 George James Roebuck and his wife Ann Hawkins Roebuck built a log cabin at the mouth of Roebuck Spring. His Influence and leadership led to the area around it to be known as Roebuck. In 1900 Alabama Boys Industrial School was located . . . Map (db m26688) HM
62 Alabama, Jefferson County, Birmingham — Roebuck Springs Historic District
Roebuck Springs was the first large residential suburb in Birmingham where planning and development were tied to the automobile, and the first community in the city associated with a golf course development. The 1910 land plan was designed to . . . Map (db m26684) HM
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63 Alabama, Jefferson County, Birmingham — C14 — Taxi StandDestination — Birmingham Civil Rights Heritage Trail —
Built 1949, 1622 4th Ave. N. This small, one-story, brick commercial taxi stand building was constructed after the passage of a 1930 City of Birmingham ordinance that required separate taxi services for Blacks and Whites. Rev. George . . . Map (db m188185) HM
64 Alabama, Jefferson County, Birmingham — Temple Wilson Tutwiler, II / Tutwiler HotelMarch 22, 1923 - March 1, 1982
Temple Wilson Tutwiler, II “Tutwiler Green”, this section of Birmingham Green was so named in a resolution passed by the Birmingham City Council to honor the life and work of Temple Tutwiler II, who contributed greatly to the . . . Map (db m27525) HM
65 Alabama, Jefferson County, Birmingham — The Works Progress Administration Reported unreadable
The WPA (Works Progress Administration) funded the design and construction of Vulcan Park in the late 1930s. This was done in conjunction with the Alabama Highway Department’s improvement of U.S. Highway 31, the major north/south route that runs . . . Map (db m69022) HM
66 Alabama, Jefferson County, Birmingham — C21 — Trailways Bus StationDestination — Birmingham Civil Rights Heritage Trail —
Built in the 1940S, 4th Ave. N. & 19th St. N. On Mother's Day in 1961, the Freedom Riders, Black and White members of the Congress for Racial Equality (CORE), arrived at Birmingham's Trailways bus station. Though integrated . . . Map (db m187994) HM
67 Alabama, Jefferson County, Homewood — Edgewood Lake (Drained 1940's) Birmingham Motor & Country Club / Edgewood Country Club(Demolished 1930's)
The developers of the Town of Edgewood, Stephen Smith and Troupe Brazelton, built the beautiful 117.4 acre lake and clubhouse in 1913-15. Amenities included a swimming pool, dance pavilion, fishing, boating and parking for hundreds of automobiles. . . . Map (db m26963) HM
68 Alabama, Jefferson County, Homewood — Hollywood / Hollywood Town Hall / Hollywood Country Club
Clyde Nelson, born in Columbiana, Alabama, was only 26 when he began development of the Town of Hollywood in 1926. With a sales force of 75 and the slogan "Out of the smoke zone, into the ozone" his beautiful community soon took shape. Homes were . . . Map (db m27091) HM
69 Alabama, Jefferson County, Homewood — Union Hill Cemetery, Union Hill Methodist Episcopal Church, Union Hill School
This cemetery is the final resting place of many of Shades Valley's pioneer residents. A few of the earliest headstones date from the mid-1850s. Descendants of these settlers helped mold the cities of Mountain Brook and Homewood. Located on property . . . Map (db m26294) HM
70 Alabama, Jefferson County, Hoover — Shades Crest Road Historical District
Indian, Wagon Trail, now Shades Crest Road, led to popular chalybeate springs. Summit, now Bluff Park, was a resort known for its view, cool air and healing mineral water. In 1899 school / church was built. In 1909 Bluff Park Hotel, built on land . . . Map (db m27311) HM
71 Alabama, Jefferson County, Hoover — Shades Crest Road Historical District
Indian, Wagon Trail, now Shades Crest Road, led to popular chalybeate springs. Summit, now Bluff Park, was a resort known for its view, cool air and healing mineral water. In 1899 school / church was built. In 1909 Bluff Park Hotel, built on land . . . Map (db m28517) HM
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72 Alabama, Jefferson County, McCalla — Gristmill Trailca 1830
This historic roadway, originally connecting to Eastern Valley Road, was a much-traveled access route to the John Wesley Hall Gristmill beginning in 1867. During the Civil War, this route was used by the 8th Iowa Cavalry to attack the Tannehill . . . Map (db m215727) HM
73 Alabama, Lauderdale County, Florence — Andrew Jackson's Military Road1817
Construction of this road, as ordered by General Andrew Jackson, began in May 1817 by troops of the U.S. Army for national defense purposes. Beginning near Nashville, Tennessee and continuing to Madison, Louisiana, it shortened the distance from . . . Map (db m80321) HM
74 Alabama, Lauderdale County, Florence — Jackson's Military Road
Built by Andrew Jackson, 1816~1820. Shortened by 200 miles the route from Nashville to New Orleans for movement of supply wagons and artillery. Built with U.S. funds and troops. Followed in part Doublehead's Road from Columbia, Tenn., to Muscle . . . Map (db m65290) HM
75 Alabama, Lauderdale County, Killen — Killen and the Canal System
Two hundred feet from where you are, in 40 feet of water, are the remains of Lock Six, the headquarters for a locking system of 9 locks that provided river traffic around the rapids and shoals. The river fall of 136 feet in about 37 miles prevented . . . Map (db m141979) HM
76 Alabama, Lauderdale County, Rogersville — Bettie Anne Highway
The home-place of Bettie Anne Springer-Thornton lies 1.6 miles north on the east side of Lauderdale County Road 51. This home was originally a one-room log cabin, built between 1892 and 1894 by Levi Patrick Thornton. Two rooms and a dog-trot were . . . Map (db m141966) HM
77 Alabama, Lauderdale County, Rogersville — Covington/Second Creek / Wheeler Dam/Lake
(side 1) Covington/Second Creek Goodsprings Church This site, one mile east of Elgin, has been referred to as “The Indian Mound.” There were white landowners here as early as 1833. Prior to 1936, there was a . . . Map (db m79914) HM
78 Alabama, Lauderdale County, Rogersville — Lamb’s Ferry Road
(Side 1) From about 1775 until his death on August 9, 1807, Chickamauga Cherokee Chief Doublehead controlled the Muscle Shoals of the Tennessee River. Two major Indian trails, Sipsie Trail and an east-west trail, intersected in the . . . Map (db m99972) HM
79 Alabama, Lauderdale County, Rogersville — Springfield Community 1810/Springfield Church and School
(side 1) Springfield Community 1810 Springfield Community is believed to have been among the earliest settlements in Lauderdale County. It was laid out as a town and considered as the location for the county seat. As early as 1810, . . . Map (db m100604) HM
80 Alabama, Lawrence County, Courtland — Early Roads / One of the South's First Railroads 1832
Side A Tennessee Street along the north side of the square was originally part of Gaines’ Trace, a horse path laid out in 1807 under the direction of Capt. Edmund Pendleton Gaines of the U. S. Army. From Melton’s Bluff on the Tennessee . . . Map (db m29056) HM
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81 Alabama, Lawrence County, Moulton — Cheatham Road
Wyatt Cheatham (1769-1856) was one of the early settlers of Lawrence County and bought land near Wren in 1818. The Alabama Legislature on 14 Dec 1824 authorized him, "to open out and make a road leading from at or near the Gum Pond in said county . . . Map (db m84310) HM
82 Alabama, Limestone County, Athens — East Side of Square
Left, top: Athens citizens celebrated the unveiling of the first Confederate monument in 1909. Due to objections to the bowed head, which suggested defeat, a second statue was ordered. Left, center: Watermelon rinds litter the . . . Map (db m154206) HM
83 Alabama, Limestone County, Athens — Fort Hampton
Approx. ¼ mile North is the site of Ft. Hampton, built in 1810 and named in honor of Brig. General Wade Hampton of Revolutionary War fame. Two Companies of soldiers were stationed here in log buildings. The purpose of the fort, and its garrison . . . Map (db m154231) HM
84 Alabama, Limestone County, Athens — North Side of Square
The second Confederate Monument was erected in June 1912. This view shows the intersection of Market and Marion streets. The 4-H'ers parade their cattle on the courthouse lawn in 1959. Judges were on hand to give a blue ribbon for the best . . . Map (db m93881) HM
85 Alabama, Limestone County, Athens — Washington Street
Top row, left to right: • The Commercial Hotel, owned by George L. Sherrill in the late 1800s, adertised in 1885 that it catered to commercial travelers at $2 a day. After many years of operation by the Sherrill family, it was torn down in . . . Map (db m154230) HM
86 Alabama, Macon County, Shorter — Shorter, AlabamaA New Town in an Older Community
Shorter was originally called Cross Keys for the birthplace in South Carolina of an early settler, J.H. Howard. It was later named Shorter for former Alabama Governor John Gill Shorter. The town embodies the memories of the proud Creek Indian . . . Map (db m85463) HM
87 Alabama, Macon County, Tuskegee — 10 — Rosa Parks — The Tuskegee Civil Rights and Historic Trail —
Rosa Louise McCauley Parks (1913 – 2005) was an iconic activist during the mid twentieth century civil rights movement. Born in Tuskegee, Parks later moved with her mother to Pine Level located near Montgomery, Alabama. She was encouraged by . . . Map (db m134670) HM
88 Alabama, Macon County, Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — Warehouse/Vehicle Storage
This building served as the garage for Moton Field's small fleet of support vehicles. It provided storage at night and "drive-through" vehicle maintenance by day. Rooms on the north side provided office space for maintenance staff and file storage . . . Map (db m100256) HM
89 Alabama, Madison County, Huntsville — C.B. "Bill" Miller Bridge
C.B. "Bill" Miller, of Miller and Miller, Inc., had a positive impact in all areas of the transportation industry across the State of Alabama. He has erected bridges, railroads, parks, pedestrian walks, airports, drainage, wastewater facilities, . . . Map (db m54247) HM
90 Alabama, Madison County, Huntsville — Early Settlers CemeteryMadison County
This unmarked cemetery site was discovered during the relocation of a section of Meridianville Bottom Road in July 2012. Though no marked graves are present, this might be a family graveyard associated with the early settlers of Madison County. . . . Map (db m154283) HM
91 Alabama, Madison County, Huntsville — Hotel Monte Sano“Monte Sano” – Spanish for “Mountain of Health”
Site of Hotel Monte Sano, built in 1887 by the North Alabama Improvement Company with the assistance of Michael and James O’Shaughnessy. The 233-room hotel opened on June 1, 1887 and served as a health resort and haven for famous visitors including . . . Map (db m27796) HM
92 Alabama, Marion County, Hamilton — General Jackson's Military Road
Andrew Jackson returned victorious from the Battle of New Orleans along this path to Tennessee after the War of 1812. Already in use by 1812, it was improved with federal funds in 1816. The road handled foot, horse, wagon, and stagecoach traffic and . . . Map (db m96483) HM
93 Alabama, Marion County, Hamilton — Hamilton, Alabama
Side 1 Hamilton was established on November 17, 1882 and was named in honor of Capt. Albert James Hamilton. Hamilton was first known as "Toll Gate," named for a toll gate on the Jackson Military Road. The original county seat of Marion . . . Map (db m96479) HM
94 Alabama, Marion County, Hamilton — Toll Gate
Side 1 {Map of Early Toll Gate Area Hamilton, Alabama County Seat Location} Captain Albert J. Hamilton, Judge Terrell's son-in-law, petitioned the Alabama legislature for a new county seat election. Toll Gate won the . . . Map (db m96793) HM
95 Alabama, Marshall County, Arab — Bear Meat Cabin Road
Starting as an ancient Indian trail, the north–south road through Arab in 1816 was known as Bear Meat Cabin Road. By 1818, it had become an important Federal trade route through the Alabama Territory known as the St. Stephens – . . . Map (db m40134) HM
96 Alabama, Mobile County, Mobile — 4 — Bettie Hunter House
Built in 1878 in the Italianate style. In 1852, Bettie Hunter was born a slave in Dallas County, Alabama and later moved to Mobile after the Civil War. She and her brother, Henry Hunter, had a profitable carriage business in downtown Mobile. She . . . Map (db m86389) HM
97 Alabama, Mobile County, Mobile — 14 — Dave Patton(1879-1927)
Patton began his hauling business with two mules and grew to become a prominent real estate entrepreneur and contractor, building many area roads and schools. Patton purchased this site in 1900. According to oral tradition, he commissioned architect . . . Map (db m111313) HM
98 Alabama, Mobile County, Mobile — Mobile's Last Mule Car
Retired from the Toulminville - To - Lafayette Street run in 1904. Restored by W.C. Martin in 1964. Building was erected in 1969, under the administration of Commissioners: Lambert C. Mims Arthur R. Outlaw Joseph N. Langan Proj. . . . Map (db m172190) HM
99 Alabama, Mobile County, Mt. Vernon — Mt. Vernon Federal Highway
In 1811, the Mount Vernon Cantonment, located on a hill about three miles west of the Mobile River, was laid out by Col. Thomas H. Cushing. The cantonment was on the site of a spring called Mount Vernon Springs. In 1814, the garrison at Mt. Vernon . . . Map (db m85911) HM
100 Alabama, Mobile County, Mt. Vernon — 4 — Old Military Road and Old Federal Road — Mount Vernon History Trail —
When the U.S. Army built Fort Stoddert here in 1799, one could travel by dugout canoe and flatboat on the water or by foot and horseback on the Indian trails that crisscrossed the landscape. There were, however, no roads wide enough for wagons or . . . Map (db m149307) HM

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May. 23, 2024