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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Varnell in Whitfield County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Cotton Gin

 
 
Cotton Gin Marker image. Click for full size.
By Tom Bosse
1. Cotton Gin Marker
Inscription.  The cotton “gin” (short for engine) was first patented by Eli Whitney of Massachusetts in 1793. The purpose of a cotton gin is to remove the cotton seeds from cotton fibers.

Simple ginning machines were being used prior to 1793 to clean the long-fiber Sea Island cotton grown on the Georgia coast. However, these early gins were not able to clean the seed from the short-fiber variety of cotton grown across the rest of Georgia. Whitney’s gin was able to remove the seeds from this short-staple, upland cotton, allowing “King Cotton” to become a major cash crop in the South.

Cotton planting and harvesting with slave labor became extremely profitable for plantation owners. The abundant supply of southern cotton made northern factory owners and merchants wealthy. Ironically, it was the North’s massive industrial capital, generated by the South’s agricultural, slave-based cotton economy that aided the Union is defeating the Confederacy and abolishing slavery.

The original Prater’s gin stood just north of the mill. This gin was moved from the Earl Shugart farm in Cohutta in the 1980s.
 
Erected by

Cotton Gin Marker image. Click for full size.
By Tom Bosse, April 3, 2018
2. Cotton Gin Marker
Prater’s Mill Foundation.
 
Location. 34° 53.713′ N, 84° 55.146′ W. Marker is in Varnell, Georgia, in Whitfield County. Marker can be reached from Prater Mill Road NE (Georgia Route 2), on the left when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Varnell GA 30756, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Prater’s Mill (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Dr. Lacewell’s Office (about 300 feet away); a different marker also named Prater's Mill (about 400 feet away); Prater’s Mill and The Civil War (about 400 feet away); Water Turbine (about 400 feet away); Prater’s Mill Store (about 400 feet away); Old Federal Road (approx. 1.6 miles away); Historic Varnell Home (approx. 3.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Varnell.
 
Also see . . .
1. Eli Whitney. (Submitted on July 19, 2018, by Tom Bosse of Jefferson City, Tennessee.)
2. Prater's Mill Historic Site. (Submitted on July 19, 2018, by Tom Bosse of Jefferson City, Tennessee.)
 
Categories. AgricultureIndustry & Commerce
 
Eli Whitney image. Click for full size.
By Tom Bosse
3. Eli Whitney
 

More. Search the internet for Cotton Gin.
 
Credits. This page was last revised on July 20, 2018. This page originally submitted on July 19, 2018, by Tom Bosse of Jefferson City, Tennessee. This page has been viewed 59 times since then and 19 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on July 19, 2018, by Tom Bosse of Jefferson City, Tennessee. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.
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