Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Québec in Capitale-Nationale (region), Quebec — French Canadian Region
 

Collège des Jésuites / Jesuit College

enseigner en Nouvelle-France / Teach in New France

 
 
Collège des Jésuites / Jesuit College Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., August 13, 2018
1. Collège des Jésuites / Jesuit College Marker
Inscription.

Ces pierres appartenaient au fronton du collège des Jésuites. Elles sont marquées du monogramme de l'ordre, constitué des lettres IHS qui désignent Jésus. Remises aux Jésuites lors de la démolition de l'édifice en 1877, les pierres ont été offertes à la Ville de Québec en 1978 pour servir de mémorial.

Fondé en 1635, le collège des Jésuites a eu une influence considérable à Québec et dans toute la Nouvelle-France. C'est un établissement d'enseignement qui offre aux garçons les cours primaire et secondaire. C'est aussi la maison mère d'où partent les missionnaires pour l'évangélisation des Amérindiens.

Seul le collège des Jésuites propose un cours d'études classiques complet, calqué sur le modèle français. Un cours d'hydrographie prépare aux métiers de pilote et d'arpenteur. Le collège possède une impressionnante bibliothèque et loge l'apothicairerie la plus importante de la colonie.

Des fouilles archéologiques ont permis de trouver des vestiges du collège, de sa chapelle et de l'église attenante. Plusieurs sépultures provenant des lieux de culte ont été mises au jour. Les nombreux objets recueillis nous renseignent sur divers aspects de la vie au collège et sur l'utilisation de l'édifice comme caserne militaire après la Conquête.

[Légendes de l'illustration, de gauche à droite, lisez]
• Le collège et l'église

Collège des Jésuites / Jesuit College Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., August 13, 2018
2. Collège des Jésuites / Jesuit College Marker
des Jésuites en 1759, au moment de la Conquête.

• Après la Conquête, le collège des Jésuites est transformé en caserne militaire.

[English translation]

These stones belonged to the pediment of the Jesuit College. They are marked with the monogram of the order, consisting of the letters IHS which designate Jesus. Delivered to the Jesuits during the demolition of the building in 1877, the stones were offered to the City of Quebec in 1978 to serve as a memorial.

Founded in 1635, the Jesuit College had considerable influence in Quebec and throughout New France. It was an educational institution that offered boys primary and secondary schooling. It was also the mother house from which the missionaries left for the evangelization of the Amerindians.

Only the college of Jesuits offered a complete classics course, modeled on the French model. A hydrography course prepared students for the professions of pilot and surveyor. The college had an impressive library and housed the most important apothecary of the colony.

Archaeological excavations have found remains of the college, its chapel and the adjoining church. Several burials from the places of worship have been uncovered. The many objects collected tell us about various aspects of college life and the use of the building as a military barracks after the [British] Conquest.

[Photo captions, from left to right, read]
• The college and the Jesuit church in 1759, at the time of the Conquest.

• After the Conquest, the Jesuit College is transformed into a military barracks.
 
Erected by Ville de Québec et Culture et des Communications Quebec.
 
Location. 46° 48.818′ N, 71° 12.456′ W. Marker is in Québec, Quebec, in Capitale-Nationale (region). Marker is at the intersection of rue Desjardins and rue De Buade, on the right when traveling south on rue Desjardins. Touch for map. Marker is on the City Hall grounds. Marker is at or near this postal address: 2 rue Desjardins, Québec, Quebec G1R 4S9, Canada.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. L'hôtel de Ville de Québec / Québec City Hall (a few steps from this marker); Le Vieux-Québec, site du patrimoine mondial de l'UNESCO (within shouting distance of this marker); Octave Crémazie (about 90 meters away, measured in a direct line); hic lacet franciscus de Laval / Here lies François de Laval (about 120 meters away); Home of the Quebec Chronicle-Telegraph (about 120 meters away); Pierre-Joseph-Olivier Chauveau (about 120 meters away); Maison Marie-Joseph-Larchevêque (about 150 meters away); Chapelle funéraire de Champlain / Champlain's Funeral Chapel (about 150 meters away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Québec.
 
Also see . . .
1. Jesuits in Canada. (Submitted on September 8, 2018, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
2. The Jesuits of Canada. (Submitted on September 8, 2018, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
3. Jesuits in Historica Canada. (Submitted on September 8, 2018, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
4. Catholic Missionaries in the 17th Century in Historica Canada. (Submitted on September 8, 2018, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
 
Categories. Churches & ReligionColonial EraEducationMan-Made Features

 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on September 8, 2018. This page originally submitted on September 8, 2018, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 48 times since then and 2 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on September 8, 2018, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.
Paid Advertisement We are suspending Amazon.com advertising until they remove an ad for a certain book from circulation. A word in the book’s title has given rise to number of complaints. The word is inappropriate in school classroom settings.