“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Colonial Era Topic

A County Older Than the State, Baldwin County Marker (reverse) image, Touch for more information
By Mark Hilton, August 22, 2018
A County Older Than the State, Baldwin County Marker (reverse)
1Alabama (Baldwin County), Bay Minette — A County Older Than the State, Baldwin County
Side 1 Third oldest county in Alabama. Created in 1809 while still part of Mississippi Territory. Named for Abraham Baldwin (1754-1807) founder of University of Georgia, delegate to Constitutional Convention, . . . — Map (db m100839) HM
2Alabama (Baldwin County), Fort Morgan — The Pride of Seven Flags
(East Face): Tribute dedicated to the memory of the soldiers who gave their lives in the defense of our country here at Fort Morgan. Here lies the pride of seven flags entombed in our ancestor’s worth, who heard the thunder of the fray . . . — Map (db m4649) HM
3Alabama (Baldwin County), Stockton — Bartram’s Trail
William Bartram, America’s first native born artist - naturalist, passed through Baldwin County during the Revolutionary era, making the first scientific notations of its flora, fauna and inhabitants. As the appointed botanist of Britain’s King . . . — Map (db m81855) HM
4Alabama (Baldwin County), Stockton — Major Robert Farmar Plantation
Here on the banks of the Tensaw River -- named for the Tensa Indian tribe whose principal village was located at this place -- Major Robert Farmar developed a plantation c. 1772. Farmar was one of the most prominent and controversial Alabamians of . . . — Map (db m66380) HM
5Alabama (Butler County), Greenville — Bartram's Trail
Front William Bartram, America's first great naturalist, passed through northwest Butler County in July 1775. He described the "limestone rocks" and "banks of various kinds of sea shells" left by oceans that covered this area millions of . . . — Map (db m120937) HM
6Alabama (Chambers County), LaFayette — Muscogee Indians
. . . — Map (db m71639) HM
7Alabama (Chambers County), Lanett — 141-10 — Ocfuskooche Tallauhassee
A flourishing, ancient town of the Muscogee Indians known as Ocfuskooche Tallahassee (Old Town) stood on this site. English traders from Charles Town visited it about 1685. A trail known as "Old Horse Path" led from this village to the Tallapoosa. . . . — Map (db m36315) HM
8Alabama (Clarke County), Barlow Bend — French's Chapel
First church building of record in Clarke County. Erected here in 1810 by John French of Virginia, who organized Methodist congregation here 1811. Combined with Gainestown Church 1897. — Map (db m101575) HM
9Alabama (Clarke County), Rockville — Bartram's Trail
William Bartram, America’s first native born artist-naturalist, passed through Clarke County during the Revolutionary era, making the first scientific notations of its flora, fauna and inhabitants. As the appointed botanist of Britain’s King George . . . — Map (db m101568) HM
10Alabama (Cleburne County), Muscadine — Hernando de Soto in Alabama
The De Soto Trail Hernando De Soto in Alabama Hernando de Soto brought his 700-man army to Alabama in the fall of 1540. This was the first major European expedition to the interior of the southeastern United States. The De Soto . . . — Map (db m114373) HM
11Alabama (Conecuh County), Midway — Old Federal Road
For a few months between 1811—1818 the nationally infamous highwayman, Joseph Thompson Hare, operated with his gang along the Federal Road. They headquartered at Turk's Cave near Brooklyn in Conecuh County. In his confession he referred to the . . . — Map (db m81282) HM
12Alabama (Dallas County), Cahaba — Alabama's Native Prairie
Waist-high grasses billowing in the wind. Rolling prairie expanses. Most people connect these images with the Midwest's Great Plains. But for thousands of years, tallgrass soils of Alabama's Black Belt. Along prairie—25 miles across . . . — Map (db m112692) HM
13Alabama (Dallas County), Selma — British West Florida, 1764-83
Colony’s north boundary crossed present-day Alabama - Mississippi at this point on 32° 28’ by edict of British king. Colony extended south to Gulf. France had ceded area in 1763. Spain invaded, seized area in 1780. Britain . . . — Map (db m37644) HM
14Alabama (Dallas County), Selma — Ecor Bienville1702-1743 — The first recorded name of Selma —
. . . — Map (db m37658) HM
15Alabama (Elmore County), Wetumpka — Bartram's Trail
William Bartram, America’s first native born artist-naturalist, passed through Elmore County during the Revolutionary era, making the first scientific notations of its flora, fauna and inhabitants. In 1776 the appointed botanist of Britain’s King . . . — Map (db m69431) HM
16Alabama (Elmore County), Wetumpka — William Bartram Arboretum1739 - 1823
William Bartram, the first native-born American artist-naturalist, of Philadelphia, visited this site on Christmas Day, 1776. This arboretum commerates (sic) the man, his visit to Fort Toulouse, and his travels through the southeastern . . . — Map (db m83726) HM
17Alabama (Etowah County), Rainbow City — Old Harmony Cemetery
In the summer of 1784 William Jones and his two young sons were among a group of families from Georgia making their way through this area following the Old High Town Path. They camped here near a large spring and planned to continue their journey . . . — Map (db m156371) HM
18Alabama (Greene County), Eutaw — A County Older Than The State, Greene County
Named for Revolutionary hero, General Nathaniel Greene, who drove British from Southeast. Area explored by DeSoto, 1540. Claimed as French Louisiana, 1699. Ceded to England, 1763. Ceded by Choctaw Nation, 1816. Made a territorial . . . — Map (db m37962) HM
19Alabama (Henry County), Shorterville — Franklin - First Beachhead into East Alabama
The frontier village of Franklin was established here by Colonel Robert Irwin in 1814 on the site of the Indian town of Cheeska Talofa. It was the first colonial village in east Alabama. Fort Gaines, Georgia, was constructed in 1816 to protect the . . . — Map (db m71844) HM
20Alabama (Jefferson County), Hoover — Hale - Joseph HomeBuilt in 1910
William M. and Evan Hale built this home on the 400 acres purchased by Gardner Hale in 1862. The Hales descended from two signers of the Mayflower compact, 1620. Purchased in 1993 by Carlo and Dianne Joseph, it was placed on the Alabama Register of . . . — Map (db m28487) HM
21Alabama (Lawrence County), Oakville — Cherokee Council House Museum
The Oakville Indian Mounds Museum is based on a seven sided Cherokee council house. This type of council house was used during the cooler months and an open sided rectangular pavilion during warmer weather. The descriptions used for the museum's . . . — Map (db m84314) HM
22Alabama (Lee County), Smiths Station — Line 32° 28´ North Latitude
Northern Boundary of: British W. Florida 1764-83 Spanish W. Florida 1783-95 Mississippi Territory: 1798-1804 Washington County 1800-12 Clarke County 1812-15 Southern Boundary of: British Illinois 1764-83 United States . . . — Map (db m73532) HM
23Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee — Bartram's Trail
William Bartram, America's first native born artist - naturalist, passed through Macon County during the Revolutionary era, making the first scientific notations of its flora, fauna and inhabitants. As the appointed botanist of Britain's King George . . . — Map (db m99676) HM
24Alabama (Marengo County), Demopolis — St. Leo’s Catholic Church
Catholicism was first introduced to this region in 1540 by the priests who accompanied Hernando DeSoto. Napoleonic exiles of the Vine and Olive Colony held religious services and attempted to establish a Catholic mission in Demopolis in 1817. . . . — Map (db m37994) HM
25Alabama (Mobile County), Creola — Site of Old Mobile
(English) Site of Old Mobile Fort Louis de la Louisiane Founded 1702 by Pierre Le Moyne d’Iberville Under orders of Louis XIV First Capital of French Louisiana 1702-1711 (French) Site de Vieux Mobile Fort . . . — Map (db m70588) HM
26Alabama (Mobile County), Le Moyne — Ellicott's StoneErected April 9th, 1799
Marks 1st Southern Boundary of the United States and the Mississippi Territory created in 1798 -----900 feet East----- Stone marked 31° North Latitude separating the U.S. & Spanish Florida. This line of demarcation ran from the . . . — Map (db m104073) HM
27Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — Cadillac Homesite
. . . — Map (db m86328) HM
28Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — Crown & Scepter of Isabel
The first and only replica of the Crown & Scepter of Queen Isabella and casks of earth from her place of birth, Madrical, Old Castile, and her place of interment, the Basilica at Granada, reside here, gifts from her beloved Granada. The originals . . . — Map (db m154246) HM
29Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — Hernando de SotoC 1500-1542
Adventurer Soldier Dreamer. The first to bring the influence of Spain, its laws, its culture to Alabama. This is an original concept in stone of DeSoto. Vicinte Rodilla Zanón of Valencia • Sculptor 1967 • — Map (db m154241) HM
30Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — How Big was the Original Fort Condé?
Since colonial rulers were unable to attract large numbers of settlers to Mobile, the Port City’s population remained small and never grew above 500. Because the majority of Mobile’s population was military personnel, the city was built around the . . . — Map (db m87207) HM
31Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — Isabel La Catolica1451-1504
“Columbus, I lent you my jewels so you could buy your ships: the only ornaments I have are the violets from the hills.” This statue, a gift from the Spanish Cultural Institute, stood in the Spanish Pavilion at the New York World’s Fair. . . . — Map (db m154242) HM
32Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — Le Marquis de Lafayette visited Mobile
On this site stood the home of Mayor Samuel H. Garrow, where the Marquis de Lafayette was entertained on his visit to Mobile, April 7, 1825. Lafayette, French officer, statesman, and hero of the American Revolution, visited the United States as . . . — Map (db m86420) HM
33Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — Old Church Street Cemetery - 1819←—«
Established 1819 by city of Mobile for yellow fever victims. Buried in raised tombs are Spanish and French citizens of early Mobile, and many pioneer Americans. — Map (db m86409) HM
34Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — Our Spanish Heritage
Spain came first to our shores in 1519, and her maps gave first to the world knowledge of our lands — Piñeda, De Soto, and then Gálvez. Returning in 1780, she conquered, and wise and benign, ruled for thirty-three years this city, whose . . . — Map (db m149975) HM
35Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville
A la gloire de Pierre Le Moyne D'Iberville, le heros dela baie d'Hudson, de Terre-Neuve et de Nevis, qui fonda en 1702 Mobile
premiere ville de la Louisiane Française. ———— Ne a Montréal en . . . — Map (db m86490) HM
36Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — Second Fort Conde Ruin
This ruin is a vestige of the second Fort Conde. Built by the French in 1723 and later occupied by the British, Spanish, and the Americans, these foundations are the only architectural remains of Colonial Mobile. — Map (db m117253) HM
37Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — The Revolutionary War at MobileSiege of Fort Charlotte (Condé) 1780
Spain, America's ally, declared war on Great Britain in June 1779. Bernardo de Galvez, governor of Spanish Louisiana at New Orleans, led the attack against the British along the lower Mississippi River and Gulf Coast. In February 1780, Galvez laid . . . — Map (db m86355) HM
38Alabama (Monroe County), Perdue Hill — Piache
Piache, an Indian town visited by DeSoto in 1540 was near here. DeLuna made a settlement here, Nanipacna in 1560. Fort Claiborne was erected on the south bluff, in 1813. LaFayette was entertained here, 1825. . . . — Map (db m47639) HM
39Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Encanchata
Here at the Indian village of Encanchata, future site of Montgomery, Col. John Tate, last British agent to the Muscogee Nation, recruited and drilled Creek warriors in 1780 to relieve Tories in Augusta, Ga. being besieged by American patriots. — Map (db m71373) HM
40Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Struggle For Colonial Empire
Here on May 24, 1703, Alabama Indians ambushed the first French explorers from Mobile, killing three and wounding two critically. The Indians were armed and were used as pawns by British agents from Carolina in the European struggle for dominion . . . — Map (db m67999) HM
41Alabama (Russell County), Phenix City — Bartram's Trail
William Bartram, American's first native born artist - naturalist, passed through Russell County during the Revolutionary era, making the first scientific notations of its flora, fauna and inhabitants. As the appointed botanist of Britain's King . . . — Map (db m48433) HM
42Alabama (Russell County), Phenix City — Coweta: Center for International Diplomacy — Creek Heritage Trail —
Coweta served as a critical place of interaction between Creeks and Europeans throughout the colonial era. Situated at the intersection of regional trading routes and the claims of expanding Spanish, English and French colonial empires, it became . . . — Map (db m101334) HM
43Alabama (Shelby County), Montevallo — The Colonial Courthouse/The Stocks and Pillory
(side 1) The Colonial Courthouse This building is inspired by the Courthouse at Williamsburg, Virginia, built in 1770. The County Court heard petty crimes and civil cases such as debtors’ disputes with creditors from abusive . . . — Map (db m101501) HM
44Alabama (Shelby County), Montevallo — The Liberty Bell
(side 1) The Liberty Bell was commissioned November 1, 1751, to commemorate the 50th anniversary of William Penn’s Charter of Privileges for his Pennsylvania colony. The radical charter granted religious liberty to persecuted faiths, . . . — Map (db m101506) HM
45Alabama (Shelby County), Montevallo — The Liberty Bell GardenHonors Liberty, Its Defenders, and Our Constitution
American colonists cherished Liberty as their birthright. On July 4, 1776, the Continental Congress adopted the Declaration of Independence, declaring, "We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed . . . — Map (db m101503) HM
46Alabama (Shelby County), Montevallo — The Lucille Ryals Thompson Colonial Chapel / One Nation Under God
(side 1) The Lucille Ryals Thompson Colonial Chapel Inspired by Bruton Parish Church of Williamsburg, Virginia, it was named to honor Lucille Ryals Thompson. The Chapel was built in thanksgiving for God’s blessings on America, and . . . — Map (db m101505) HM
47Alabama (Shelby County), Montevallo — The President's Oval Office / The Glorious Burden
(side 1) The President's Oval Office In this building is a full-scale replica of the White House Oval Office. When John and Abigail Adams first moved into The White House in 1800, it contained three oval rooms, inspired by . . . — Map (db m101531) HM
48Alabama (Shelby County), Montevallo — Washington Hall/Birth of A Nation
(side 1) Washington Hall The exterior of the hall is inspired by George Washington's beloved Mount Vernon. It has beveled-edge block walls. When mixed with paint and sand it gives the appearance of stone masonry, a process called . . . — Map (db m101504) HM
49Alabama (Sumter County), York — Line 32° 28´ North Latitude
Northern Boundary of: British W. Florida 1764-83 Spanish W. Florida 1783-95 Mississippi Territory: 1798-1804 Washington County 1800-12 Clarke County 1812-15 Southern Boundary of: British Illinois 1764-83 United States . . . — Map (db m89725) HM
50Alabama (Talladega County), Lincoln — Lincoln, Alabama
(Side A) Historical records indicate that DeSoto and his men, as they traveled the South in search of gold, were the first white men to see the Lincoln area. With the ceding of the Creek Indian Territory in 1837, the population of the . . . — Map (db m33282) HM
51Alabama (Tallapoosa County), Jacksons' Gap — Fort Okfuskee←— 6 mi. west —«
Built in 1735 by British from Carolina in futile attempt to gain trade of the Creek Indians from the French, located at Fort Toulouse, 40 mi. S. Okfuskee was the largest town in Creek Confederacy. — Map (db m22232) HM
52Arizona (Maricopa County), Phoenix — Eusebio Francisco Kino
Eusebio Francisco Kino Egregio Civilizador de la Pimeria Para mantener viva su memoria y fortalecer la amistad y la comprensión entre nuestros dos estados, Sonora donó ésta estatua a Arizona, en agosto de 1967, siendo gobernadores, . . . — Map (db m92588) HM
53Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Eusebio Francisco Kino, S. J.1645-1711
. . . — Map (db m27077) HM
54Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Garcés FootbridgePuente de Garcés — Historic Site —
Memorial to Francisco Garcés, explorer and first Franciscan missionary to the Pima village at the foot of Sentinel Peak. In 1770 Garcés and the Pimas constructed at that site the first substantial building in Tucson, a mission residence with two . . . — Map (db m83034) HM
55Arizona (Santa Cruz County), Nogales — Mission Guevavi
This site contains the ruins of Mission Los Santos Angeles de Guevavi, first established by Father Eusebio Francisco Kino in 1691. The property was donated to The Archaeological Conservancy for a permanent Archaeological Preserve by Ralph Wingfield . . . — Map (db m132642) HM
56Arizona (Santa Cruz County), Tubac — Juan Bautista de Anza1734 - 1788
Captain Juan Bautista de Anza, son and grandson of Presidial Captains of New Spain, was commander of the Tubac Presidio from 1759 to 1775, the year in which he lead an overland expedition to California to found San Francisco. In 1777 he became . . . — Map (db m132594) HM
57Arizona (Yuma County), Yuma — "Indian Hill"
Across the Colorado River is "Indian Hill," the site of La Purisima Concepcion mission. Built in 1780 by Spanish explorers, it was destroyed in 1781 when native Quechans revolted, killing all European males. Nothing is left of that structure. Today . . . — Map (db m158369) HM
58Arizona (Yuma County), Yuma — Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail
While the American Revolution brewed on the Atlantic Coast, Spain expanded its New World empire to protect California against the British and Russians. In 1774, Juan Bautista de Anza, commander of the Royal Presidio of Tubac, successfully explored . . . — Map (db m158299) HM
59Arizona (Yuma County), Yuma — The All-important Colorado River CrossingJuan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail
During his 1774 exploratory trip, Anza made friends with Chief Olleyquotequiebe (Anza called him “Palma”) of the Quechan Indians, who controlled the river crossing. The Quechans welcomed the 1775 colonizing expedition and supplied . . . — Map (db m158365) HM
60Arkansas (Arkansas County), Arkansas Post — The European Settlement
The United States and several European powers vied for control of the lower Mississippi Valley. Arkansas Post was the key to that control. In 1541 Hernando de Soto explored the territory which is now Arkansas. Sieur de La Salle further . . . — Map (db m108647) HM
61Arkansas (Arkansas County), Arkansas Post — The Post under Spain
In 1763 the Post of Arkansas became Spanish territory when, by the Treaty of Paris, the French King ceded Louisiana to Spain. For several years after the transfer, French officers and soldiers remained at Arkansas Post. In 1771 the . . . — Map (db m108551) HM
62Arkansas (Monroe County), Holly Grove — Louisiana Territory: 1682-1800 — Louisiana Purchase Historic State Park —
Development In 1682, one hundred and forty years after Hernando de Soto and his conquistadors searched for treasure in the vast regions west of the Mississippi River, the French explorer, LaSalle, claimed all the land, resources and peoples of . . . — Map (db m155192) HM
63Arkansas (Monroe County), Holly Grove — The Purchase: 1801-1803 — Louisiana Purchase Historic State Park —
President Thomas Jefferson learned Spain had ceded the Louisiana Territory back to France in early 1801. Fearing Napoleon would close the Mississippi to American trade, the President sent Ambassador Robert Livingston to Paris (September, 1801) to . . . — Map (db m155195) HM
64Arkansas (Saline County), Benton — De Soto Trail
By here the De Soto expedition marched September 7, 1541. — Map (db m96588) HM
65California (Alameda County), San Leandro — De Anza Expedition 1775 - 1776
Lt. Colonel Juan Bautista de Anza by decree of Carlos III of Spain led an expedition to this site – The mission being to colonize the San Francisco Bay Area. In the center of the marker is a circular motif, designed by Doris Birkland . . . — Map (db m26459) HM
66California (Butte County), Oroville — Liberty Pole
In 1767, when our yet to be united nation felt the stirrings of revolution, freedom-loving colonists carved and erected the first “Liberty Pole”. It served as a rallying point for those who opposed the British imposed Stamp Act. . . . — Map (db m65843) HM
67California (Contra Costa County), Rodeo — The De Anza Expedition in Rodeo
Lt. Colonel Juan Bautista de Anza by Decree of Carlo III of Spain led an expedition near this site — the mission being to colonize the San Francisco Bay Area In the center of the marker is a circular motif, designed by Doris Birkland . . . — Map (db m24728) HM
68California (Kern County), Mettler — 291 — Fages-Zalvidea TrailsCalifornia Historical Landmark
In 1772, Don Pedro Fages, first recorded non-Indian to visit the southern San Joaquin Valley, crossed this spot on his way from San Diego to San Luis Obispo. Near this point crossed Father José María de Zalvidea in 1806, while accompanying the Ruiz . . . — Map (db m54266) HM
69California (Lake County), Upper Lake — Upper Lake Through Time
At the time of the first Spanish settlement in California in 1769, the native Pomo had inhabited Lake County for at least 10,000 years. When Mexico became independent of Spain in 1822, secularization af the Mission system provided rich land grants . . . — Map (db m144283) HM
70California (Los Angeles County), Los Angeles — 5 — Mother Ditch and The History Slugs
All California State Parks must have either unique physical or historical assets. In 2000, the fate of this State Park hung partially on the question of whether physical traces of history could really be found here. The game-changing evidence was . . . — Map (db m120910) HM
71California (Los Angeles County), Los Angeles — Zanja Madre
Through this spot flowed the Zanja Madre (Mother Ditch) which channeled the waters of the Los Angeles River to the citizens of Los Angeles for 123 years, 1781-1904. — Map (db m133400) HM
72California (Los Angeles County), San Fernando — Father Junipero Serra / Fray Junipero Serra
Marker 1: Father Junipero Serra Donated by Wm Hannon Foundation Commemorating San Fernando Mission Sept 1797 - Sept 1997 Marker 2: Fray Junipero Serra 1713-1784 Founder of the California Missions . . . — Map (db m127688) HM
73California (Los Angeles County), San Gabriel — Mission San Gabriel Archangel / El Camino Real Door
Founded September 8, 1771, by Franciscan Friars on Rio Temblores - due to flooding, the expedition moved to this 2nd site in 1774, where the Old Mission of stone and red brick was built with the help of Gabrieleno Indians. . . . — Map (db m66721) HM
74California (Los Angeles County), Santa Monica — The Discovery of Santa Monicaby Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo — on October 8, 1542 —
In commemoration of the 400th anniversary of the discovery of Santa Monica by Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo on October 8, 1542, this tablet is erected and dedicated by the Historic Landmarks Committee, Native Sons of the Golden West, with the cooperation . . . — Map (db m130424) HM
75California (Monterey County), King City — 232 — Mission San Antonio de Padua← 23 Miles
Founded by Father Junipero Serra July 14, 1774. Most picturesque setting. First mass was celebrated in presence of one Indian. Later congregation grew to a thousand neophytes. Famous for its fine horses and expert vaqueros. — Map (db m154381) HM
76California (Monterey County), Monterey — Here ... landed Very Rev. Father Junipero Serra
Here June 3, 1770, landed Very Rev. Father Junipero Serra, O.S.F. and founded the following missions; San Diego, July 16, 1769, San Carlos Monterey, June 3, 1770, San Antonio de Padua, July 14, 1771, San Gabriel, Sept. 8, 1771, San Luis Obispo, . . . — Map (db m63109) HM
77California (Sacramento County), Sacramento — Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla
Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla (1753-1811) Father of Mexico His battle cry for freedom on September 16, 1810 led Mexico to indenpendence from Spain and the end of colonialism. Statue donated by Alberto and Carmencita Heredia, and family, . . . — Map (db m137649) WM
78California (San Diego County), San Diego — Buque Escuela Juan Sebastian de Elcano
Commemorating the visit of the officers and men Buque Escuela Juan Sebastian de Elcano in homage to their comrades-at-arms who at this place raised and defended the flag of Spain - 1797 to 1821 Dedicado en pax y amistad San Diego, . . . — Map (db m81237) HM
79California (San Diego County), San Diego — Cabrillo’s Ships
The first three sailing vessels to enter San Diego Bay came from the direction you are facing. They were the San Salvador, the Victoria and the San Miguel - Spanish vessels commanded by Juan Rodriquez Cabrillo. The San . . . — Map (db m15439) HM
80California (San Diego County), San Diego — Fray Junipero Serra
In this ancient Indian village of Cosoy Discovered and named San Miguel by Cabrillo in 1542 Visited and christened San Diego de Alcala by Viscaino in 1602 Here the first citizen Fray Junipero Serra Planted civilization in California Here he . . . — Map (db m13055) HM
81California (San Diego County), San Diego — João Rodrigues Cabrilho 1542Ao-Navegador-Portugues — Homena-Gen.DaMarinha D-Guerra Portuguesa —
To the Portuguese Navigator João-Rodrigues Cabrilho A tribute from the Portuguese Navy — Map (db m12887) HM
82California (San Diego County), San Diego — Old Town San DiegoTimeline
See individual photos for textMap (db m85826) HM
83California (San Diego County), San Diego — 67 — Serra Palm
Traditionally the earliest planted tree in California. Directly in the rear, beneath the brow of the hill, lie the dead of the sacred expedition of 1769. Burial place of our first unknown soldiers. — Map (db m11959) HM
84California (San Diego County), San Diego — The Discovery of Californiaby Juan Rodriquez Cabrillo
. . . — Map (db m126875) HM
85California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — Chutchui and Sitlintac
For the last 5,000 years this particular site served as a vantage point to the southeast, overlooking an ancient salt water bay fed by fresh water streams. Standing on this bluff three to four hundred years ago, looking southeast, you would have . . . — Map (db m93013) HM
86California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — Homeland of the Yelamu
The Native People of the Peninsula The Yelamu were one of 50 independent Ohlone tribes related through culture and language. Ohlone peoples have lived in the Bay Area for several thousand years. The Yelamu, whose territory . . . — Map (db m131189) HM
87California (San Luis Obispo County), Atascadero — Your American Heritage Monument
The purpose of this monument is to forever stand as a tribute to our nation's Founding Fathers who created the two most important documents that laid the foundation of our country: the Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution. This . . . — Map (db m67581) HM
88California (Santa Barbara County), Lompoc — La Purisima Mission State Historic Park
Across this bridge lies California's eleventh mission and a glimpse of life during the 1820's. The Civilian Conservation Corps restored the buildings and grounds between 1934 - 1941. We hope you enjoy your visit to the past. — Map (db m11116) HM
89California (Santa Barbara County), Lompoc — Lompoc's Mission Vieja
Mission La Concepcion Purisima de Maria Santisima (Mission of the Immaculate Conception of most Holy Mary) was founded by Father Presidente Fermn de Lasuen on Dec. 8, 1787 at what is now Locust Avenue and F Street. It was the eleventh of 21 . . . — Map (db m70318) HM
90California (Santa Clara County), Santa Clara — De Anza Expedition 1775 – 1776
Lt. Colonel Juan Bautista de Anza by decree of Carlos III of Spain led and expedition near this site – The mission being to colonize the San Francisco Bay Area. In the center of the marker is a circular motif, designed by Doris Birkland . . . — Map (db m24727) HM
91California (Santa Clara County), Sunnyvale — De Anza Expedition 1775 - 1776
Lt. Colonel Juan Bautista de Anza by decree of Carlos III of Spain led an expedition to this site – The mission being to colonize the San Francisco Bay Area. In the center of the marker is a circular motif, designed by Doris . . . — Map (db m30323) HM
92California (Santa Cruz County), Santa Cruz — 469 — Branciforte
These school grounds were the center of Villa de Branciforte founded in 1797 by Governor Diego de Borica of California on orders from Spain through Viceroy Branciforte in Mexico. The settlement existed as political entity until American occupancy of . . . — Map (db m2347) HM
93California (Ventura County), Ventura — 114 — El Caballo
Friar Pedro Benito Cambón—the mission’s co-founder was highly regarded for his knowledge of irrigation, agriculture and building construction—directed Chumash laborers to build this filtration building in 1792 as part of the mission’s . . . — Map (db m124925) HM
94California (Ventura County), Ventura — 114-1 — Rancho Cañada LargaMission Aqueduct
Rancho Cañada Larga o Verde, as it was originally known, came out of lands of the San Buenaventura Mission. Following Mexican independence from Spain, Joaquina Alvarado de Moraga, whose late husband, Gabriel Moraga, was a distinguished soldier of . . . — Map (db m124924) HM
95California (Ventura County), Ventura — 28 — San Buenaventura Mission Aqueduct
A visible section of the mission aqueduct still exists just east of Highway 33 on Cañada Larga Road. It is one of the few remaining parts of a seven-mile-long system that delivered water from San Antonio Creek to El Caballo filtration plant on the . . . — Map (db m143278) HM
96Colorado (Alamosa County), Alamosa — ... Los Caminos Antiguos Scenic & Historic Byway
You have entered the land of the Rio Bravo del Norte, the northernmost outpost of sixteenth century Spain. To the Spanish people, the San Luis Valley was a wild and unexploited place known only to the Native people. Amidst the beauty and . . . — Map (db m71878) HM
97Colorado (Alamosa County), Alamosa — On Sacred Ground
Majestic Mount Blanca that stands bgefore you is surrounded by history and legend from the first people who inhabited this valley. Many Native American groups believe that this valley is the source of life where humans and spirit enter and leave . . . — Map (db m71875) HM
98Colorado (Alamosa County), Alamosa — Welcome "Caminante" to ...
¡Bienvenidos! Caminantes! Come! Take a walk with us. We know an old song, El Caminante, which tells of taking a long walk along the ancient roads. Like the first prehistoric inhabitants, you too are a ‘caminante’, or one who walks upon this . . . — Map (db m71877) HM
99Colorado (La Plata County), Hesperus — Dominguez - Escalante Expedition
On August 10, 1776, there passed by here the expedition of Fathers Francisco Atanasio Dominguez and Silvestre Velez de Escalante with eight companions. They were seeking a route to link the long established missions of New Mexico with Monterey, the . . . — Map (db m71613) HM
100Colorado (La Plata County), Hesperus — Dominguez and Escalante
In 1776, Franciscan Fathers, Francisco Atanasio Dominguez and Silvestre Velez de Excalante and eight companions, explored what is now southern Colorado, Utah, and northern Arizona, as men of peace. Between August and December, 1776, Dominguez . . . — Map (db m153336) HM

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Oct. 24, 2020