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Bluemont in Clarke County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Confederate Counterattack and Union Retreat

Battle of Cool Spring

 

— Early's 1864 Attack on Washington —

 
Confederate Counterattack and Union Retreat Marker image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, April 30, 2019
1. Confederate Counterattack and Union Retreat Marker
Inscription.  
(Preface)
In June 1864, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee detached Gen. Jubal A. Early's corps from the Richmond battlefields and dispatched it to the Shenandoah Valley to counter Union Gen. David Hunter's army. After driving Hunter into West Virginia, Early launched an incursion through Maryland against Washington, D.C., to draw Union troops from Richmond and to release Confederate prisoners held at Point Lookout. On July 9, Early detached Gen. Bradley T. Johnson's cavalry brigade, including Maj. Harry Gilmor and his cavalry to raid eastward toward Baltimore. Union Gen. Lew Wallace delayed Early at the Battle of Monocacy on July 9, as Federal reinforcements strengthened the capitals defenses. Early probed them briefly on July 11-12 and then withdrew to the Shenandoah Valley, where he stopped the Federal pursuit at Cool Spring on July 17-18.Despite failing to take Washington, Early's invasion succeeded in diverting Federal resources.

(Main Text)
Early in the evening of July 17, 1864, Confederate forces under Gens. Gabriel C. Wharton and Robert E. Rodes counterattacked Union Col. Joseph Thoburn's division across
Confederate Counterattack and Union Retreat Marker image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, April 30, 2019
2. Confederate Counterattack and Union Retreat Marker
the Shenandoah River from where you are standing. While Rodes's men pressured Thornton's right flank, Wharton's staged two attacks that pushed the Federals back toward the river. Union artillery fire from the high ground behind you, however, stopped the Confederate advance. An artillery duel continued into the evening, as Union forces withdrew across the river under the cover of darkness. By 9P.M., the Battle of Cool Spring was over.

Gens. Wharton and Rodes were both native Virginians who studied civil engineering at Virginia Military Institute (VMI). After graduating from VMI in 1847, Wharton became a mining engineer in the Arizona Territory. Rodes graduated in 1848 and remained on the faculty of VMI until 1851. He then moved to Alabama to work as a railroad engineer. When the war began, both men joined the Confederate army, Wharton in his native state and Rodes in Alabama. Wharton spent most of the war in the Western Theater, while Rodes saw action throughout the east. Wharton returned to Virginia in May 1864 and joined Rodes in Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia, fighting under Gen. Jubal A. Early during the Maryland invasion and back to the Shenandoah Valley. Rodes died at the Third Battle of Winchester on September 19, 1864. Wharton survived the war, returned to his engineering career, and served in the Virginia General Assembly until his death in Radford
Confederate Counterattack and Union Retreat Marker image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, April 30, 2019
3. Confederate Counterattack and Union Retreat Marker
in 1906.
 
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 39° 8.311′ N, 77° 52.198′ W. Marker is in Bluemont, Virginia, in Clarke County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of Parker Lane and Alder Lane, on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1492 Parker Lane, Bluemont VA 20135, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Col. George D. Wells Leads the Way (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Battle of Cool Spring (was about 400 feet away but has been reported missing. ); a different marker also named Battle of Cool Spring (approx. 0.2 miles away); Judge Parker's “Retreat” & the Battle of Cool Spring (approx. 0.2 miles away); Thoburn’s Rescue (approx. one mile away); a different marker also named Battle of Cool Spring (approx. 1.4 miles away); The Retreat (approx. 1.4 miles away); a different marker also named Battle of Cool Spring (approx. 1.6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Bluemont.
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Gen. Robert E. Rodes image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, April 30, 2019
4. Gen. Robert E. Rodes
Close-up of photo on marker - Courtesy Library of Congress
Maps - You are Here image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, April 30, 2019
5. Maps - You are Here
Close-up of maps on marker
 

More. Search the internet for Confederate Counterattack and Union Retreat.
 
Credits. This page was last revised on May 2, 2019. This page originally submitted on May 2, 2019, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. This page has been viewed 71 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on May 2, 2019, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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