“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Poolesville in Montgomery County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)


Strategic Union Encampment


—Gettysburg Campaign —

Poolesville Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 7, 2007
1. Poolesville Marker
Inscription. During the Civil War, more soldiers passed through Poolesville than any other Montgomery County town. Union forces occupied this bustling village throughout most of the war, protecting the strategic road network, lines of communication and supplies. Confederate cavalry sporadically raided the Federal cavalry units posted here, and Company B of local resident, Confederate Col. Elijah Veirs White's 35th White's Ferry Cavalry Battalion included Poolesville natives.

When the Army of the Potomac crossed the Potomac River at Edwards Ferry on June 24-25, 1863, and marched to Frederick and then to Gettysburg, Poolesville became temporary Union headquarters. Four infantry corps, the cavalry corps, and the Artillery Reserve marched through town June 25-27, 1863, and Gen. Winfield S. Hancock commandeered the home of elderly Jessie Veirs, Col. White's cousin.

Telegraph records indicate Gen. Joseph Hooker, commander of the Army of the Potomac, arrived the evening of June 26. At 9:00 a.m. on June 27, Hooker departed for Harpers Ferry where he would resign his command in a letter to President Abraham Lincoln.

(sidebar) Seneca Mills Skirmish. On June 10, 1863, Confederate Col. John S. Mosby’s 43rd Virgina Battalion of partisan rangers crossed into Maryland to reconnoiter for Gen. J.E.B. Stuart. The next day, separated
The Old Bank Building image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 7, 2007
2. The Old Bank Building
The marker is just down the alley to the left of the building (beside the Civil War Trails sign) in the front yard of the John Poole House. The bank building dates to the 1910s and is now used as a city office.
from Stuart by the Union army, Mosby attacked a 6th Michigan Cavalry outpost at Seneca (7 miles southeast). The Federal troopers retreated to Poolesville to regroup for an assault that never came. Mosby lost two men, Lt. George H. Whitescarver and Capt. William G.D. Brawner, Co. H, 15th Virginia Cavalry. Brawner and some of his men had joined Mosby's raid to share in the spoils that rangers were permitted to keep.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Maryland Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 39° 8.759′ N, 77° 24.938′ W. Marker is in Poolesville, Maryland, in Montgomery County. Marker can be reached from Fisher Avenue / Whites Ferry Road (Maryland Route 107), on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. Located along an alley running beside the Old Bank Building (now a Town Administrative Office), to the North of Fisher Avenue. The marker is in front of the John Poole House, inside the Historic Medley District of town. Marker is in this post office area: Poolesville MD 20837, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Old Bank Building (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Poolesville (within shouting distance of this marker); The Civil War at Poolesville
The John Poole House image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 7, 2007
3. The John Poole House
This is a restoration of a house and store first opened by John Poole in 1793.
(about 700 feet away, measured in a direct line); Historic Poolesville (about 800 feet away); St. Peter's Church (approx. 0.2 miles away); Beallsville (approx. 2.3 miles away); In Loving Memory (approx. 2.4 miles away); African American Soldiers from Montgomery County (approx. 3.1 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Poolesville.
More about this marker. The marker features a drawing depicting a Federal camp during the Civil War. Portraits of Gen. Joseph Hooker and Col. Elijah Veirs White, along with Capt. John S. Mosby (in the sidebar) are also included.
Categories. War, US Civil
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 15, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 2,243 times since then and 8 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on July 15, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page.
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