“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Romney in Hampshire County, West Virginia — The American South (Appalachia)

Hampshire County Courthouse

Secession and Occupation

Hampshire County Courthouse Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, July 30, 2012
1. Hampshire County Courthouse Marker
Inscription. On May 23, 1861, Virginians voted in a statewide referendum to approve or disapprove the Ordinance of Secession that the convention in Richmond had passed on April 17. Here at the Hampshire County Courthouse, 1,188 out of 2,635 eligible voters approved and 788 disapproved secession. Virginia seceded from the Union, and the Hampshire County Committee of Safety voted to raise $10,000 to support the Confederate war effort.

Although Hampshire County became part of the new state of West Virginia, county residents generally sided with the Confederacy during the war. On May 18, 1861, two local militia companies, the Hampshire Guards and the Frontier Riflemen, left Romney to join other Confederate units training at Harpers Ferry. During the course of the war, Hampshire County raised thirteen Confederate companies and only one for the Union. After the war, on September 26, 1867, Hampshire County dedicated what is perhaps the first Confederate Memorial in the United States. It still stands in Romney’s Indian Mound Cemetery.

Several times during the war, the troops of one side or the other occupied the Hampshire County Courthouse. As usual in such cases, the building suffered from rough treatment. Soldiers from both armies often found themselves searching for any type of structure that would provide protection from the weather.
Hampshire County Courthouse Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, July 30, 2012
2. Hampshire County Courthouse Marker
Camps were temporary, and the soldiers had only tents or crude cabins for shelter.
Erected by West Virginia Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the West Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 39° 20.52′ N, 78° 45.378′ W. Marker is in Romney, West Virginia, in Hampshire County. Marker is at the intersection of West Main Street (U.S. 50) and North High Street, on the right when traveling west on West Main Street. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Romney WV 26757, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Romney / Early Memorial (here, next to this marker); Romney in 1861–1865 / “Stonewall” Jackson (a few steps from this marker); Hampshire County World War I Memorial (a few steps from this marker); Old Literary Hall (within shouting distance of this marker); Jackson's Headquarters (approx. 0.2 miles away); W. Va School for the Deaf and Blind (approx. 0.2 miles away); Romney In The Civil War (approx. ¼ mile away); Grapeshot Among the Pines (approx. ¼ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Romney.
Categories. War, US Civil
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on August 22, 2012, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. This page has been viewed 449 times since then and 33 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on August 22, 2012, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland.   2. submitted on August 29, 2012, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.
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