Cove Gap in Franklin County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
President James Buchanan
“The incorruptible statesman whose walk was upon the mountain ranges of the law.”
† † † † † Life long friend Jermiah S. Black
U.S. Attorney General 1857-1860, U.S. Secretary of State 1860-1861
This park commemorates the birthplace of James Buchanan, the 15th President of the United States. James was born on April 23, 1791 into a Scotch-Irish family that ran a trading post, Stony Batter, here on the frontier. As young James grew into a man, he made it his lifeís ambition to learn the law and inner workings of American government. He became Pennsylvaniaís only president in 1857.
Buchanan was no stranger to politics when he ran for president. Many believe he was better prepared for the presidency than any of his predecessors, except John Quincy Adams. He began his political career at the young age of 23. Over the next 42 years, he conducted political campaigns and garnered prominence and stature. He never lost an election in which he ran and governed under a simple principle,
“I acknowledge no master but the law.”
When President Buchanan took office, the United States was rapidly splitting over the issue of slavery. He kept the Union together through compromise, but the abolitionists in the north and secessionists in the south did not want compromise.
James Buchananís 47-year political career:
* 1814 – 1817: Two terms as PA assemblyman
* 1821 – 1831: Five terms as U.S. representative
* 1832 – 1833: Foreign minister to Russia under President Andrew Jackson
* 1834 – 1845: Two and a half terms as a U.S. senator
* 1845 – 1849: Secretary of state under President James Polk
* 1853 – 1856: Foreign minister to Great Britain under President Franklin Pierce
* 1857 – 1861: 15th President of the United States of America
Location. 39° 52.263′ N, 77° 57.207′ W. Marker is in Cove Gap, Pennsylvania, in Franklin County. Marker is on Stony Batter Road / State Forest Road, on the left when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is located in Buchananís Birthplace State Park. Marker is in this post office area: Mercersburg PA 17236, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. Stony Batter † † † Birthplace of a President (a few steps from this marker); James Buchanan † † † The Early Years (within shouting distance of this marker); Birthplace of James Buchanan (within shouting distance of this marker); A Quest for Honor (within shouting distance of this marker); Stony Batter (approx. half a mile away); James Buchanan (approx. 0.6 miles away); Black Boys Rebellion (approx. 3.4 miles away); Big Spring Graveyard (approx. 3.6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Cove Gap.
More about this marker. A picture of James Buchanan appears at the center of the marker. At the top is a photo of Buchananís home in Lancaster with the caption “President Buchanan retired from public life in 1861, returning to his estate, Wheatland, in Lancaster, Pa. to write his memoirs.” At the bottom right of the marker is a photo of Buchananís grave. The caption is “James Buchanan died on June 1, 1868 and is buried in the Woodward Hill Cemetery in Lancaster.”
Also see . . . Biography of James Buchanan. White House website. (Submitted on August 22, 2012, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.)
Categories. • Notable Persons •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on August 22, 2012, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 442 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on August 22, 2012, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. 8. submitted on July 18, 2015, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland.