New Ulm in Brown County, Minnesota — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
Defenders State Monument
Honored be the memory of the citizens of Blue Earth, Nicollet, Le Sueur and adjacent counties, who so gallantly came to the rescue of their neighbors of Brown County and by their prompt action and bravery aided the inhabitants in defeating the enemy in the two battles of New Ulm, whereby the depredations of the savages were confined to the border, which would otherwise have extended into the heart of the State.
The Sioux Indians, located at the Red Wood and Yellow Medicine Agencies on the upper waters of the Minnesota River, broke into open rebellion on the 18th day of August 1862. They massacred nearly all the whites in and about the agencies. Under the leadership of the chief Little Crow, they proceeded down the river toward New Ulm, and on the 19th of August entered the settlement of Milford, about seven miles west of New Ulm, and killed many of the inhabitants. On the afternoon of the 19th of August a force of about one hundred warriors attacked the town of New Ulm, killing several of the citizens and burning a number of buildings, but did not carry the barricades which
While the battle was in progress, the advance of Captain Charles E. Flandrau's company from Nicollet County, about fifteen strong, under the command of L.M. Boardman, entered the town and the savages withdrew. The defense up to this time was in charge of Captain Jacob Nix. At 9 p.m. of the 19th of August, a large force, consisting of Captain Flandrau's company from Nicollet County, together with a company from Le Sueur County arrived and took possession of the town; reinforcements to the number of several hundred subsequently arrived. On the 20th Captain Flandrau was chosen Commander in Chief and the defenses were strengthened.
On the 23rd the Indians, six hundred and fifty strong, again attacked New Ulm at half past nine in the morning and besieged it until noon of the 24th. The assault was vigorously executed and desperately resisted. One hundred and eighty buildings were destroyed in the contest, leaving of the town such part only as lay within the barricades. Of the defenders thirty-four were killed and about sixty wounded, reinforcements arrived at noon of the 24th under Captain Cox of St. Peter. On the 25th the town was evacuated and the inhabitants all safely conveyed to Mankato.
Roster of those killed in the Battles of New
Capt. John Belm's Co. New Ulm 11th Reg't State Militia.
G.W. Otto Barth, William England, Matthias Meyer, Leopold Senzke, Jacob Castor, Julius Kirschstein, August Roepke.
Le Sueur Tigers No. 1, Capt. William Dellaughter.
1st Lieut. A.M. Edwards, William Lusky.
Le Sueur Tigers No. 2, Capt. E.C. Saunders.
5th Sergt. William Maloney, Mathew Aherin, Washington Kulp.
Capt. William Bierbauer's Mankato Co.
Newel E. Houghton, William Nicholson.
Capt. Charles E. Flandrau's Co., St. Peter Frontier Guards.
1st Lieut. Wm. B. Dodd, Max Haack, Jerry Quane, John Summers, Rufus Huggins, Luke Smith.
Capt. Louis Buggert’s Co.
Capt. Louis Buggert.
New Ulm Co.
Ferdinand Krause, August Riemann.
Citizens killed August 19th 1862, returning from a reconnaissance.
Almond D. Loomis, De Witt Lemon, Uri Loomis, Ole Olson, William Tuttle, Nels. Olson, William Carroll, Tory Olson, George Lamb, Jan. Tomson.
Henry H. Sibley, of St. Paul, Chairman. John F. Meagher, of Mankato. A. W. Daniels, of St. Peter. Wm. Pfaender, of New Ulm, Secretary.
Erected 1890 by the State of Minnesota. (Marker Number 5.)
Location. 44° Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: New Ulm MN 56073, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Brown County (within shouting distance of this marker); The Pioneers of Brown County Monument (within shouting distance of this marker); John Lind Home (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Lest We Forget (about 300 feet away); Roebbecke Mill (about 300 feet away); Brown County Veterans Memorial (about 400 feet away); Turner Hall (about 700 feet away); Somsen Hitching Post (about 700 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in New Ulm.
More about this marker. This monument was the fifth of 23 state monuments that were erected by the Minnesota legislature between 1873 and 1929. These monuments represent Minnesota's first public efforts to mark historic sites.
Also see . . .
1. The History of Brown County. (Submitted on July 24, 2013.)
2. Dakota War of 1862. Wikipedia entry. "There has never been an official report on the number of settlers killed, although figures as high as 800 have been cited." (Submitted on July 24, 2013.)
3. Dakota Conflict. (Submitted on July 24, 2013.)
4. Art of Remembering: The Defenders Monument. YouTube. (Submitted on July 24, 2013.)
5. Library of Congress. St. Paul Daily Globe article, August 23, 1891. (Submitted on July 24, 2013.)
6. The Indians, the Northwest, 1600-1900. Google Books. (Submitted on July 24, 2013.)
Categories. • Wars, US Indian •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 24, 2013, by Keith L of Wisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin. This page has been viewed 751 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10. submitted on July 24, 2013, by Keith L of Wisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin. 11. submitted on January 7, 2015.