“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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US Indian Wars Topic

Autauga County Courthouse image, Touch for more information
By Tim Carr, August 1, 2009
Autauga County Courthouse
1 Alabama, Autauga County, Prattville — A County Older Than the State, Autauga County
Created in 1818 by an act of Alabama Territorial Legislature. Autauga Indians lived on creek from which the county takes its name. Autaugas were members of the Alibamo tribe. They sent many warriors to resist Andrew Jackson's invasion in Creek War. . . . Map (db m27907) HM
2 Alabama, Baldwin County, Blakeley — The Apalachee Village
Just a half century prior to the founding of the town of Blakeley, an Apalachee Indian village stood on this spot. The village was founded in the early 1700s by Apalachee refugees fleeing warfare in Florida for the relative safety of French . . . Map (db m131851) HM
3 Alabama, Baldwin County, Lottie — History of Lottie, Alabama
Front Lottie has the highest elevation in Baldwin County. A ridge forms a divide where waters to the east flow into Pensacola Bay and waters to the west flow into Mobile Bay. Pine Log Creek begins in Lottie. Pine Log Ditch, used to . . . Map (db m122349) HM
4 Alabama, Baldwin County, Stockton — First Creek War — Battles in Alabama & Baldwin County
27 July 1813 – Battle of Burnt Corn 30 August 1813 – Fort Mims Massacre 31 August 1813 – Kimbell – James Massacre 2 September 1813 – Attack at Fort Sinquefield 13 September 1813 – Wood's Bluff . . . Map (db m122631) HM WM
5 Alabama, Baldwin County, Stockton — Fort Mims And The Creek Indian War, 1813-14
Front: In 1813, people on the United State’s southwestern frontier were fearful. The Redstick faction of the Creek Indian Nation opposed growing American influence in the area and had voted for war. However, Creeks living in the Tensaw . . . Map (db m116678) HM
6 Alabama, Baldwin County, Stockton — The Society War of 1812 in the State of Alabama
The American Revolution gave the United States its independence but the War of 1812 gave it status among the nations and established permanent peace with Great Britain. Alabama had a significant role during the War of 1812. The Creek Indian . . . Map (db m122670) HM
7 Alabama, Baldwin County, Tensaw — Fort Mims — — 500 yards →
Here in Creek Indian War 1813-14 took place most brutal massacre in American history. Indians took fort with heavy loss, then killed all but about 36 of some 550 in the fort. Creeks had been armed by British at Pensacola in this phase . . . Map (db m86293) HM
8 Alabama, Barbour County, Eufaula — Chief Eufaula (Yoholo Micco) — In Life and Legend — Creek Heritage Trail —
"Chief Eufaula," the man often referred to in the historical record as "Yoholo Micco," was a Creek chieftain from the Upper Creek town of Eufaula. Born in the late 1700s, he fought alongside allied Creeks with United States forces against his Red . . . Map (db m101427) HM
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9 Alabama, Barbour County, Eufaula — The Creek Town of Eufaula — Creek Heritage Trail —
The area surrounding Eufaula was once part of a regional Creek population center. Towns of note in the region included Sawokli (also known as Sabacola) and the town of Eufaula for which the modern city is named. Trails linked these closely-connected . . . Map (db m101355) HM
10 Alabama, Barbour County, Eufaula — The Second Creek War in the Eufaula Area — Creek Heritage Trail —
In 1836 long-simmering tensions between Creeks and American settlers erupted into warfare. The Creeks, crowded onto the last portion of their ancestral homeland and witnessing the rampant theft of their lands, had also become subject to harsh laws . . . Map (db m101360) HM
11 Alabama, Barbour County, Louisville — Louisville and "Old Alabama" — Creek Heritage Trail —
Louisville is one of the oldest communities in southeastern Alabama. Locąted within territory ceded by the Creeks in the Treaty of Fort Jackson (1814) ending the Creek War, the area was first settled by Americans as early as 1817. Many of its . . . Map (db m111642) HM
12 Alabama, Barbour County, Louisville — The Battles of Hobdy's Bridge and Pea River — Creek Heritage Trail —
The battles of Hobdy's Bridge and Pea River were the result of the desperate attempt of Creeks to avoid removal to the West by fleeing to Florida along trails bordering the Pea and Conecuh Rivers. The battles marked the last large-scale . . . Map (db m111627) HM
13 Alabama, Barbour County, Louisville — The Opening of the Second Phase of the Second Creek War — Creek Heritage Trail —
The Second Creek War began in May of 1836 when a portion of area Creeks, angry at their treatment in the wake of the Treaty of Cusseta and in desperate circumstances, struck out against American settlements. A series of small battles occurred . . . Map (db m111618) HM
14 Alabama, Barbour County, Midway — Fort Browder / 15th Alabama Infantry
Fort Browder Approximately one mile south-southwest of here stood Fort Browder, a small wooden fortification built in 1836 for protection in the last war with the Creek Indians and named for Isham Browder, a prominent local planter. In 1861, . . . Map (db m188679) HM
15 Alabama, Barbour County, Midway — Fort Browder / 15th Alabama Infantry
Fort Browder Approximately one mile south-southwest of here stood Fort Browder, a small wooden fortification built in 1836 for protection in the last war with the Creek Indians and named for Isham Browder, a prominent local planter. In 1861, . . . Map (db m208018) HM
16 Alabama, Blount County, Blountsville — Blountsville
1820-1889 seat of Blount County, a county older than the State. Named for Tennessee Governor W. G. Blount who sent Andrew Jackson to aid Alabama settlers in Creek Indian War, 1812-1814. Indian Chief Bear Meat lived here at crossing of . . . Map (db m156445) HM
17 Alabama, Blount County, Oneonta — Blount County — A County Older Than the State
Created Feb. 7, 1818 by Alabama Territorial Legislature from lands ceded by the Creek Indian Nation. Named for the Tennessee Governor W. G. Blount, who sent militia under Andrew Jackson to punish the Creeks for Fort Mims massacre. Jackson fought and . . . Map (db m24353) HM
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18 Alabama, Butler County, Forest Home — The Butler Massacre / Fort Bibb
(obverse) The Butler Massacre On March 20, 1818, Capt. William Butler, Capt. James Saffold, William Gardener, Daniel Shaw and John Hinson left Fort Bibb to meet Col. Sam Dale. They were attacked near Pine Barren Creek by Savannah . . . Map (db m83259) HM
19 Alabama, Butler County, Greenville — In Memory of Captain William Butler
A native of Virginia. Pioneer settler of Butler County for whom the county is named Massacred by the Indians near Butler Springs March 18, 1818Map (db m130049) HM
20 Alabama, Butler County, Greenville — Pioneer Cemetery
Greenville's oldest, established 1819. Captain William Butler, for whom the county was named, buried here. He was killed fighting Indians led by Savannah Jack in March, 1818. Greenville's oldest church, a community church established in 1822, . . . Map (db m70751) HM
21 Alabama, Butler County, Greenville — The Federal Road and The Palings / Fort Dale 1818
The Federal Road and the Palings The Federal Road was built in 1806 as a shorter route from Washington to New Orleans and the new Louisiana Territory. The road entered Alabama at Fort Mitchell, Georgia and passed through Butler County near this . . . Map (db m130050) HM
22 Alabama, Calhoun County, Alexandria — Lincoyer — and The Battle of Tallasehatchee
At this site, on Nov. 3, 1813, after the Battle of Tallasehatchee, known then as Talluschatches, during the Creek Indian War, Gen. Andrew Jackson found a dead Creek Indian woman embracing her living infant son. Gen. Jackson, upon hearing that . . . Map (db m36551) HM
23 Alabama, Calhoun County, Alexandria — Tallasseehatchee — Creek Indian War 1813-14 — Nov. 3, 1813 —
Gen. John Coffee, commanding 900 Tennessee Volunteers, surrounded Indians nearby; killed some 200 warriors. This was first American victory. It avenged earlier massacre of 517 at Ft. Mims by Indians.Map (db m27610) HM
24 Alabama, Calhoun County, Alexandria — The Tallasahatchie Battle Field
This stone marks the site of the Tallasahatchie Battle Field. On this spot Lieut. Gen. John Coffee with Gen. Andrew Jackson's men won a victory over the Creek Indians, Nov. 3, 1813.Map (db m36554) HM
25 Alabama, Calhoun County, Oxford — Creek Indian Campaign Memorial
A Memorial to Gen. Andrew Jackson, the Tennessee Patriots, the Alabama Patriots, and pioneers who by their courage and fortitude in 1813 - 1814, won five successful battles in the Creek Indian Campaign. Side . . . Map (db m106593) HM
26 Alabama, Clarke County, Campbell — Creek Indian War — 1812-1813
. . . Map (db m203668) HM
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27 Alabama, Clarke County, Gainestown — The Canoe Fight
On November 12, 1813, the Canoe Fight, one of the key assaults of the Creek War, took place nearby at the mouth of Randon’s Creek where it flows into the Alabama River. Following the Fort Mims Massacre in August, small bands of Creek warriors . . . Map (db m101574) HM
28 Alabama, Clarke County, Grove Hill — Elijah & Isaac Pugh
Side 1 Near this spot are the graves of American Revolution soldier Elijah Pugh and his son Issac, a War of 1812 veteran. Elijah, born in Guilford Co., N.C. in 1760, was 18 when he joined a patriot band led by Col. Elijah Clarke at the . . . Map (db m154482) HM
29 Alabama, Clarke County, Rockville — Gravesite of Major Jeremiah Austill
Near this site, is the gravesite of Maj. Jeremiah Austill, folk hero & prominent figure in the early settlement of Clarke County. Born in 1794 in S. C., he lived, along with his parents, Capt. Evan and Sara Austill, among the Cherokee in Ga. . . . Map (db m101588) HM
30 Alabama, Clarke County, Suggsville — Fort Madison-Creek War 1812-13
This marks the site of pioneer stockade commanded by Captains Sam Dale and Evan Austill. Choctaw Chieftain Pushmattaha often here. Expedition terminating in noted Canoe Fight on Alabama River immediately east of this site, was . . . Map (db m101566) HM
31 Alabama, Clarke County, Whatley — Fort Sinquefield
Fort Sinquefield Kimbell - James Massacre Creek War 1812-13 Erected by Clarke County School Children 1931 Lest we forget Hayden and his dogs.Map (db m115627) HM
32 Alabama, Clarke County, Whatley — Kimbell - James Massacre — ←½ mile—
Sept. 1, 1813 Creek Indian War. 1813-14 Part of War of 1812. British used Pensacola as base to arm, incite Indians against U.S.. Prophet Francis led Indians in this raid on Kimbell home. They killed and scalped 12 of 14 (two survivors . . . Map (db m47635) HM
33 Alabama, Clarke County, Whatley — Old Indian Trail
Here passed the Old Indian Trail used as a dividing line between the Choctaw and Creek Tribes. General Andrew Jackson and his troops rested here for the night in 1813.Map (db m47633) HM
34 Alabama, Clarke County, Winn — Fort Landrum Site
Built around the home of John Landrum Used during the Creek War of 1813 First Clarke County Court met here in 1813 Succeeding courts were held here until 1819 Map (db m101584) HM
35 Alabama, Clay County, Ashland — Clay County and the Creek Indian War of 1813-14 / Clay County and the Creek Indian Confederacy
Side 1 Clay County and the Creek Indian War of 1813-14 During the Creek Indian War of 1813-14, a subset of the War of 1812 with England, numerous figures prominent in American history marched over what would become Clay . . . Map (db m95100) HM
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36 Alabama, Clay County, Delta — Native American Footsteps
As you walk across this mountain, you will step in their footsteps. They worked, played, laughed, cried, loved, fought, and admired this mountain. Rock shelters near the base of the mountain have revealed archaeological evidence of the presence . . . Map (db m175321) HM
37 Alabama, Clay County, Goodwater — Battle of Enitachopko — Creek Indian War 1813-14. — ← 4 mi. E. —
Hostile Creeks attacked Andrew Jackson, withdrawing to Ft. Strother, Jan. 24, 1814. His troops broke through lines, kept on to Ft. Strother. But Creeks boasted that they defeated 'Capt. Jack', drove him to the Coosa.Map (db m95076) HM
38 Alabama, Conecuh County, Bermuda — Old Federal Road
Near Bermuda was the home of Jeremiah Austill, who won fame in the canoe fight on the Alabama River during the Creek Indian War. His first wife, Sarah, died of injuries from falling off a fence during an Indian raid.Map (db m81280) HM
39 Alabama, Conecuh County, Pine Orchard — Old Federal Road — Fort Warren
Site of Fort Warren, built in 1816 by Colonel Richard Warren, who owned considerable land in this vicinity. This facility was used as a refuge for settlers who feared for their lives in the early days of the aftermath of the Creek Indian Wars of . . . Map (db m47689) HM
40 Alabama, Covington County, Florala — Lake Jackson
Andrew Jackson in Seminole War with an army of 1200 camped here in May 1818 enroute westward from Fort Gadsden to subdue marauding Indians abetted by Spaniards at Pensacola. Jackson determined to seize Pensacola . . . Map (db m99237) HM
41 Alabama, Dale County, Ariton — Veterans Memorial Bridge - 1921 / Grist Mill - Indian Battle - Recreation
Veterans Memorial Bridge - 1921 This reinforced concrete river bridge, thought to be the first in Alabama. Was erected over Pea River in 1920-21 at a cost of $92,108.97. It was dedicated on August 3, 1921 as a memorial to the 57 men from Dale . . . Map (db m36511) HM
42 Alabama, Dale County, Ozark — Sam Dale
Sam Dale (1772-1841) - Indian trader / wagoner Scout and trader, he explored Alabama wilderness, was called Big Sam "Tholocco" by the Indians later led settlers from Georgia to lands in Tombigbee Alabama River basins. Gen. Sam Dale Indian . . . Map (db m220901) HM
43 Alabama, Elmore County, Tallassee — Tukabatchee / Tokvpvcce
(north side) Tukabatchee On this bend of the Tallapoosa River, stretching out before you, lay one of the ancient towns of the Muscogee Creek People, called Tukabatchee. Tukabatchee is one of the original four mother . . . Map (db m92945) HM
44 Alabama, Elmore County, Wetumpka — Fort Jackson
At this site stood Fort Toulouse, later Fort Jackson, named in honor of Gen. Andrew Jackson who on March 27, 1814, defeated the Creek Indians in a decisive battle at Horseshoe Bend. Erected by Peter Forney Chapter D.A.R. . . . Map (db m69705) HM
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45 Alabama, Etowah County, Attalla — Camp Wills
Established as a supply camp by General Andrew Jackson, September 1813, on the banks of Big Wills Creek. It was here that Jackson directed the first campaign of the Creek War, and promoted Colonel John Coffee to Brigadier General and Captain Newton . . . Map (db m73993) HM
46 Alabama, Etowah County, Rainbow City — Site of 1784 Indian Massacre
The lone survivor being Edmond Jones, 5 year old son of William and Hannah Humphries Jones, who later gave the land for the cemetery.Map (db m156398) HM
47 Alabama, Henry County, Shorterville — "Irwin Empire"
Site of the 1831 Irwin homeplace where over 50,000 acres of land was owned by Major General William Irwin (1794-1850). He was an Indian fighter, farmer, politician, statesman and considered one of the nation’s richest and most influential men. A . . . Map (db m71824) HM
48 Alabama, Jefferson County, Clay — Pioneer Massey Cemetery
Samuel Massey and his brother - in - law, Duke William Glenn, first came to this Territory in February 1814 with Lt. Col Reuben Nash's Regt. South Carolina Volunteer Militia to help defeat the Creek Indians in the War of 1812. Samuel Massey returned . . . Map (db m25088) HM
49 Alabama, Jefferson County, Clay — Wear Cemetery
Established about 1850, Wear Cemetery is located off Old Springville Road to the northeast at Countryside Circle. In the 1800's the Wear family was among the first settlers of the community later known as Clay. Twenty-three remaining graves were . . . Map (db m25113) HM
50 Alabama, Lawrence County, Oakville — Historic Indians
Five Historic Indian tribes lived in this area. By 1701, The Yuchi were living at the shoals on the Tennessee River. In early 1700s the Yuchi left, some moving to the Cherokee Nation on the Hiwassee River, TN and others to Chattahoochee River, GA. . . . Map (db m36040) HM
51 Alabama, Lowndes County, White Hall — Holy Ground Battlefield
Six miles North, on December 23, 1813, General F.L. Claiborne's army defeated the Creeks and destroyed the Holy Ground Indian Village. One American was killed and 33 Creeks. William "Red Eagle" Weatherford escaped by leaping on horseback into . . . Map (db m60714) HM
52 Alabama, Lowndes County, White Hall — Holy Ground Battlefield
One of the significant battles of the Creek War of 1813-14 occurred near here on December 23, 1813. The 3rd Regiment, U.S. Infantry forces under the command of General F. L. Claiborne attacked a band of Creek Indians. Called "Holy Ground" by Creeks . . . Map (db m116890) HM
53 Alabama, Madison County, Huntsville — Late Indian Wars — 1866–1890
I am Trooper Able Freeman of the 9th Cavalry Regiment. I had been a field slave in south Alabama before and during the Civil War; but after the war, I had nowhere to go when the Union occupied the area. I wandered around living hand-to-mouth for . . . Map (db m85542) WM
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54 Alabama, Madison County, Huntsville — Seminole Wars / Mexican War
Seminole Wars 1814-1858 I am Private Pet Younger of the 4th US Infantry Regiment. I joined the Regular Army in November 1835 at age 15. I was specially trained as part of the light infantry company whose main jobs were scouting and . . . Map (db m85604) WM
55 Alabama, Madison County, New Hope — Fort Deposit Trail
October, 1813, the Creek Civil War was threatening settlers in the Mississippi Territory. Governor William Blount of Tennessee called up 5,000 volunteers to protect the white population. Andre Jackson's soldiers followed a path through the Cherokee . . . Map (db m127603) HM
56 Alabama, Marshall County, Guntersville — History of Guntersville
(Side A) This area's proximity to the Tennessee River and Indian trails made it a crossroads for early habitation, settlement, and trade. Archaeological studies reveal it was first inhabited about 12,000 years ago by Paleo-Indians. They . . . Map (db m33305) HM
57 Alabama, Monroe County, Burnt Corn — Burnt Corn Spring
The historical Burnt Corn Spring is located near this point on the Old Federal Road - the spring poured into the west branch of the creek that took its name. James Cornells had a residence at the spring before 1813. In the summer of 1813, a war . . . Map (db m203710) HM
58 Alabama, Monroe County, Burnt Corn — Old Federal Road — Burnt Corn
Burnt Corn, Monroe County's earliest settlement, became the crossroads of the Great Pensacola Trading Path and The Federal Road. Settler Jim Cornells returned from Pensacola in 1813, finding his home destroyed and his wife kidnapped by a Creek . . . Map (db m47687) HM
59 Alabama, Monroe County, Perdue Hill — Fort Claiborne — Creek Indian War 1813-1814
Built by Gen. Ferdinand L. Claiborne as a base for his invasion of the Alabama country with U.S. Regulars, Lower Tombigbee Militia, and friendly Choctaws. Claiborne’s campaign culminated in the American victory over the Creeks at the Holy Ground.Map (db m47641) HM
60 Alabama, Monroe County, Uriah — Creek Indian Removal
Little River was the home of Creek Chief William Weatherford, also known as War Chief Red Eagle. This was the area of much discussion and debate, bringing the Creeks into the War of 1812 and the Creek Civil War of 1813-1814. These events weighed . . . Map (db m86271) HM
61 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Resistance and War / Alabama Fever
Resistance and War In the 1790s and early 1800s, U.S. treaties recognized Creek land ownership, but illegal encroachment by whites began cycles of violence and revenge by both sides. The Creeks disagreed on how to respond. Those who . . . Map (db m182573) HM
62 Alabama, Pike County, Banks — Hobdy's Bridge: Last Indian Battles in Alabama
The Second Creek War of 1836 broke out when many Creek Indians resisted forced removal after an 1832 treaty ceded the last of their tribal lands in Alabama. As hostility increased between white settlers pouring into the area and Creeks who were . . . Map (db m111577) HM
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63 Alabama, Russell County, Fort Mitchell — Fort Mitchell — <----- 5 miles -----
Built during Creek War 1813 by Georgia Militia on main Indian trade route to Tombigbee River U.S. Troops stationed here until 1837 1836 Lower Creeks corralled here for forced removal to the WestMap (db m26069) HM
64 Alabama, Russell County, Fort Mitchell — Fort Mitchell
Fort Mitchell Fort Mitchell is located on the Federal Road on the West bank overlooking the Chattahoochee River. General John Floyd received orders from Governor David B. Mitchell to pick up supplies, cross the Chattahoochee River and . . . Map (db m120003) HM
65 Alabama, Russell County, Fort Mitchell — United States Indian Trading Post
United States Indian Trading Post The Battle of Horseshoe Bend, March 1814, ended the Creek Indian War. General Andrew Jackson met with Chief William Weatherford and signed the Treaty. The Creek Indians returned to their own land in the . . . Map (db m120004) HM
66 Alabama, Russell County, Phenix City — "Emperor" Brims, Mary Musgrove and Chief William McIntosh — Creek Heritage Trail —
Coweta was the home of many influential Creek leaders, including three individuals who figured prominently in the history of the Creek people; "Emperor” Brims, Mary Musgrove, Chief William McIntosh. The Coweta chieftain Brims, who . . . Map (db m101336) HM
67 Alabama, Russell County, Phenix City — Coweta and Northeastern Russell County: — Focal Point for Creek-American Diplomacy — Creek Heritage Trail —
During the tumultuous decades prior to the Removal of the Creeks from their ancestral homelands in the 1830s, the vicinity of the town of Coweta became an important location for interaction between the Creek Nation and the American government. . . . Map (db m101339) HM
68 Alabama, Russell County, Seale — Creek Settlements in Russell County — Creek Heritage Trail —
Russell County occupies land that once sat at the heart of the Creek Nation. Within the county's boundaries were several important Creek towns, many of which would figure prominently in the Creek and Seminole Wars era and the saga of Removal. . . . Map (db m111596) HM
69 Alabama, Russell County, Seale — Early Russell County and the Town of Seale — Creek Heritage Trail —
Russell County was one of several counties created by the Alabama legislature in December, 1832 from land that had been part of the Creeks' ancestral homeland. The community of Girard (modern Phenix City) along the Chattahoochee River became the . . . Map (db m111609) HM
70 Alabama, Russell County, Seale — John Bacon McDonald
(obverse) Near here is the site of the plantation of John Bacon McDonald who was born February 8, 1859. He entered the United States Military Academy on June 14, 1876, after finishing the tutelage of Colonel John M. Brannon of Seale and . . . Map (db m69408) HM
71 Alabama, Russell County, Seale — The Second Creek War in Russell County — Creek Heritage Trail —
The Second Creek War came about as a result of the frustration of local Creeks at their treatment following the signing of the Treaty of Washington (1832). That compact called for the Creeks to be given allotments of land which they could keep or . . . Map (db m111603) HM
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72 Alabama, Shelby County, Chelsea — City Of Chelsea — Incorporated March 1, 1996 — Mayor S. Earl Niven —
Side A Creek Indians once owned and hunted the land where the City of Chelsea now stands. In 1813, Andrew Jackson and his army won millions of acres of Creek land from the Indians at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend, including the area where . . . Map (db m38488) HM
73 Alabama, St. Clair County, Ashville — A County Older Than The State, St. Clair
Created in 1818 in first session of Alabama Territorial Legislature from lands ceded by Creek Indian Nation in Treaty of Ft. Jackson, 1814. Named for Gen. Arthur St. Clair, hero of Revolution, governor of Northwest Territory. First settlers from . . . Map (db m28143) HM
74 Alabama, St. Clair County, Ashville — John Looney House — Circa 1820
John Looney and son, Henry, served in General Andrew Jackson's volunteer company which built Fort Strother on Coosa River and later fought at Horseshoe Bend in 1814. Looney's family of nine moved from Maury Co. Tenn. to homestead 1817 in St. Clair . . . Map (db m24066) HM
75 Alabama, St. Clair County, Cropwell — Andrew Jackson
crossed Coosa River during Creek Indian War 1813-1814 one mile from CropwellMap (db m217726) HM
76 Alabama, St. Clair County, Ohatchee — Fort Strother
Creek Indian War Headquarters of Gen. Andrew Jackson 1813 - 1814Map (db m28144) HM
77 Alabama, Talladega County, Fayetteville — Fayetteville
Here in 1814 Tennessee Troops Joined Andrew Jackson's force which won the Creek Indian War. After Indian removal in 1836 these veterans brought their families here, named this community for their old home in Tennessee. Fayetteville Academy . . . Map (db m57993) HM
78 Alabama, Talladega County, Sylacauga — Fort Williams — 12 miles west
Built by Andrew Jackson with U.S. Regulars, Tennessee Volunteers and friendly Cherokees and Creeks. Used as advance base during final phases of Creek Indian War, 1813-1814. Military cemetery nearby.Map (db m57761) HM
79 Alabama, Talladega County, Talladega — Battle Of Talladega — Nov. 9, 1813
Here Andrew Jackson led Tennessee Volunteers and friendly Indians to victory over hostile “Red Sticks.” This action rescued friendly Creeks besieged in Fort Leslie. Creek Indian War 1813 - 1814.Map (db m28205) HM
80 Alabama, Tallapoosa County, Dadeville — Battle Of Horseshoe Bend — One hundredth anniversary — 1814 - 1914 —
This tablet is placed by Tallapoosa County in commemoration of the one hundredth anniversary of the Battle Of Horseshoe Bend, fought within its limits on March 27, 1814. There the Creek Indians, led by Menawa and other chiefs, . . . Map (db m28751) HM
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81 Alabama, Tallapoosa County, Daviston — A Bloody Contest — Horseshoe Bend National Military Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Any officer or soldiers who flies before the enemy-shall suffer death. With these harsh words, Maj. Gen. Andrew Jackson marched his soldiers 52 miles from the Coosa River to Horseshoe Bend and a bloody contest with the Red Sticks. His . . . Map (db m46674) HM
82 Alabama, Tallapoosa County, Daviston — Charge! — Horseshoe Bend National Military Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Having maintained for a few minutes a very obstinate contest, muzzle to muzzle, through the port-holes, in which many of the enemy's balls were welded to the bayonets of our musquets, our troops succeeded in gaining possession of the opposite . . . Map (db m46676) HM
83 Alabama, Tallapoosa County, Daviston — Designed for Defense — Horseshoe Bend National Military Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
...[The Creek] had erected a breast-work, of greatest compactness and strength-from five to eight feet high, and prepared with double rows of port-holes very artfully army could not approach it without being exposed to a double and . . . Map (db m46677) HM
84 Alabama, Tallapoosa County, Daviston — Horseshoe Bend Campaign Combatants
In memory of the Soldiers and Indian allies who died in combat with the Upper Creek Indians during the Horseshoe Bend Campaign in the Creek War of 1813-1814 In memory of the Upper Creek Warriors who died in combat with United . . . Map (db m64594) WM
85 Alabama, Tallapoosa County, Daviston — Horseshoe Bend National Military Park — Who Were the Creek? — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Horseshoe Bend National Military Park The park offers activities designed to commemorate the events that occurred here on March 27, 1814. The Battle of Horseshoe Bend ended the Creek Indian War and added nearly 23 million acres of land to the . . . Map (db m46232) HM
86 Alabama, Tallapoosa County, Daviston — The High Ground — Horseshoe Bend National Military Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
[The] high ground which extended about mid-way from the breastwork to the river was in some manner open, but the declivity and flat which surrounded it was filled with fallen timber, the growth of which was very heavy, and had been so arrayed . . . Map (db m47498) HM
87 Alabama, Tallapoosa County, Daviston — Tohopeka in Flames — Horseshoe Bend National Military Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
In this meadow 350 women and children, sheltered in the village of Tohopeka, listened to the sounds of battle drifting back from the barricade 1,000 yards away. Alarmed, they watched as enemy Cherokee and Lower Creek warriors crossed the river, . . . Map (db m47469) HM
88 Alabama, Tallapoosa County, Daviston — While the Long Roll Was Beating — Horseshoe Bend National Military Park
I never had such emotions as while the long roll was beating...It was not fear, it was not anxiety or concern of the fate of those who were so soon to fall but it was a kind of enthusiasm that thrilled through every nerve and animated me with . . . Map (db m46675) HM
89 Alabama, Tallapoosa County, Daviston — Who Were the Creek? — Horseshoe Bend National Military Park —
Originally the name "Creek" referred only to Muskogee Indians living near Ochese Creek in central Georgia. Over time the name spread to include all Muskogee people along the rivers of present-day Georgia and Alabama. At one time the region held . . . Map (db m223985) HM
90 Alabama, Tallapoosa County, Daviston — With Deer Tails in Their Hair — Horseshoe Bend National Military Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
On the morning of the battle, Maj. Gen. Andrew Jackson’s Indian allies surrounded the lower portion of Horseshoe Bend. The Cherokee were positioned across the river from where you stand; the Lower Creek were farther upriver to your left. . . . Map (db m47446) HM
91 Alabama, Tallapoosa County, New Site — Battle Of Emucfau — – 5 miles south → — January 22, 1814 —
Jackson fortified position here during Creek Indian War (1813-1814). Although repeated attacks by the Red Sticks were repulsed, Jackson withdrew with the Indians pursuing.Map (db m45736) HM
92 Alabama, Winston County, Houston — M1841 Mountain Howitzer
This is the M1841 Mountain Howitzer. It was used by the United States Army during the mid-nineteenth century from 1837 to about 1870. The cannon saw service during the Mexican-American War, the American Indian Wars, and during the American Civil . . . Map (db m182874) HM
93 Arizona, Apache County, Alpine — The Old Bushvalley Fort
Here Stood The Old Bushvalley Fort Built 1879 For protection against Renegade ApachesMap (db m36274) HM
94 Arizona, Cochise County, Benson — Four miles southeast at Council Rocks — Apache peace treaty with Cochise was ratified in 1872
Near Dragoon Springs on October 12, 1872, General O.O. Howard and Cochise, Chief of the Chiricahua Apache Indians, ratified a peace treaty ending years of warfare between that tribe and the white settlers. Cochise's stronghold was hidden deep in the . . . Map (db m27877) HM
95 Arizona, Cochise County, Bowie — Apache Pass - A Corridor Through Time — Fort Bowie National Historic Site
There are two markers on a single kiosk Apache Pass is a low divide separating the massive Chiricahua Mountains from the Dos Cabezas Mountains. This landscape formed a rugged corridor through which people and goods were moved. The Pass . . . Map (db m100810) HM
96 Arizona, Cochise County, Bowie — Bascom-Cochise Meeting Site
After the events on the afternoon of February 4th, Bascom ordered the command to move toward, and fortify, the stage station. According to Sergeant Daniel Robinson: “Our wagons were placed end to end, forming a semicircle, covering . . . Map (db m100815) HM
97 Arizona, Cochise County, Bowie — Cavalry Barracks
This massive adobe structure was among the earliest built at the new fort. By the mid-1880s, it had a shingled and pitched roof, attractive porches, kerosene lamps, and landscaping. The kitchen was behind the barracks; the mess hall adjacent. . . . Map (db m100998) HM
98 Arizona, Cochise County, Bowie — Centennial of Chiricahua Apache/U.S. Cessation of Hostilities 1886
[Side 1: In English :] September 4-8, 1986, Arizonans marked the return of the Chiricahua Ex-Prisoners of War and their descendants in ceremonies that completed a spiritual circle. We remembered and reflected on the clash between . . . Map (db m42513) HM
99 Arizona, Cochise County, Bowie — Commanding Officer's Quarters
The fort's most elaborate structure, a two story, Victorian-style mansion, was built in 1884-1885 for about $4,000.00. An expensive home at that time! Among its thirteen rooms (originally designed as a duplex) were a drawing room, a sewing room with . . . Map (db m101000) HM
100 Arizona, Cochise County, Bowie — First Fort Bowie
To your right, a spur trail follows a military road 300 yards to the first Fort Bowie ruins. On July 28, 1862, a 100-man detachment of the 5th California Volunteer Infantry began construction of the primitive fort, completing it two weeks . . . Map (db m218624) HM

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Sep. 26, 2023