Near Northeast in Washington, District of Columbia — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Provisions for the City
Hub, Home, Heart
—Greater H Street NE Heritage Trail —
Before the market arrived, this land was part of the Brentwood estate, and then the World War I-era Camp Meigs, an army training post. In the 1920s the Hechinger lumber yard replaced the camp. With the railroad so convenient, traveling circuses occasionally set up here.
Jewish, Greek, Italian, and African American vendors dominated the original market, including Fred Kolker and his Kolker Poultry. In the late 1950s, more businesses arrived as urban renewal closed the Southwest wholesale market. Among them was Washington Beef Company, belonging to Fred Kolker's uncle Sam. Every week Washington Beef employees unloaded and butchered five rail cars of beef carcasses for distribution to such customers as the Hot Shoppes and DC Public Schools. And each night a crew cleaned equipment to prepare for the federal inspector's regular morning visit. Sam's six sons and grandsons continued the business into the late 1980s.
A new wave of immigrant entrepreneurs, especially from China, El Salvador, Jamaica, and Korea, came in the 1980s.
Civil rights activist Nadine Winter, concerned about homeless
Trains and streetcars created the Near Northeast neighborhood around H Street. The B&O Railroad's arrival in 1835 made this a center of energetic, working-class life. Workmen living north of the Capitol staffed the Government Printing Office, ran the trains, stocked the warehouses, and built Union Station. When a streetcar arrived linking H Street to downtown, new construction quickly followed.
H Street bustled with shops and offices run by Jewish, Italian, Lebanese, Greek, Irish, and African American families. During the segregation era, which lasted into the 1950s, African Americans came to H Street for its department stores and sit-down restaurants. Most businesses welcomed all customers.
Then came the civil disturbances in the wake of the Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.'s assassination in 1968. Decades of commercial decline followed. Just off H Street, though, the strong residential community endured. The 2005 opening of the Atlas Performing Arts Center signaled a revival, building
Hub, Home, Heart: Greater H Street NE Heritage Trail is an Official Washington, DC Walking Trail. The self-guided, 3.2-mile tour of 18 signs offers about two hours of gentle exercise. Free keepsake guidebooks in English or Spanish are available at businesses and institutions along the way. For more on DC neighborhoods, please visit www.CulturalTourismDC.org.
Erected 2012 by Cultural Tourism DC. (Marker Number 7.)
Location. 38° 54.415′ N, 76° 59.979′ W. Marker is in Near Northeast, District of Columbia, in Washington. Marker is at the intersection of Florida Avenue, NE and 5th Street NE, on the right when traveling west on Florida Avenue, NE. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Washington DC 20002, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Iceman's Arena (about 800 feet away, measured in a direct line); Ballard House (about 800 feet away); The Edward Miner Gallaudet Residence (about 800 feet away); Helen Fay House (approx. 0.2 miles away); Denison House "Ole Jim" (approx. ¼ mile away); Site of the Rose Cottage (approx. ¼ mile away); Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet (approx. ¼ mile away).
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. Greater H Street NE Heritage Trail
Also see . . . Union Terminal Market. (Submitted on October 4, 2012, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
Categories. • Civil Rights • Industry & Commerce •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on October 4, 2012, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 431 times since then and 37 times this year. Last updated on February 11, 2014, by A. Taylor of Laurel, Maryland. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11. submitted on October 4, 2012, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.