New York in New York County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Gay Liberation Monument
The Stonewall Inn at 51-53 Christopher Street was built as two stables during the 1840s. In 1930 these were combined into one building that housed Bonnie's Stone Wall teahouse, and later the Stonewall Inn Restaurant. In 1967 the establishment was converted to an unlicensed private club also called the Stonewall Inn - a bar and dance hall which catered to the vibrant gay community of Greenwich Village.
In the early hours of June 28, 1969, police raided the Stonewall Inn and a fight broke out in which 13 people were arrested. The patrons and a growing crowd refused to disperse and clashed with police reinforcements. Word of the raid and uprising spread, and the next day hundreds gathered to protest the crackdown and advocate for the legalization of gay bars. Further protests erupted in early July, and on July 27 a group of activists organized the first gay and lesbian march from Washington Square to the Stonewall. The events of that summer are often cited as the beginning of the gay rights movement in the United States.
In 1979, arts patron Peter Putnam (1927–1987) commissioned the Gay Liberation Monument.
Segal was one of the most important and influential American artists in the late 20th century. Born and raised in New York City, he settled in 1940 on a farm in South Brunswick, New Jersey where he lived and worked until his death. His work is in more than 65 public collections. Some of his better known pieces are The Commuters (1982) in New York’s Port Authority Bus Terminal, The Holocaust (1984) in San Francisco’s Golden Gate Park, and his tableaux for the Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial in Washington, DC. (1995).
Segal's composition for Gay Liberation consists of two standing males and two seated females positioned on the northern boundary of the park, in naturalistic poses. Using a process typical of his work, Segal made bronze casts from plaster molds of human models, and included metal replicas of standard park benches. The effect is realistic yet enigmatic, as he tempered the cast surfaces with an unearthly white painted finish.
The project was approved by the City in 1982, but the installation was delayed a decade because of public opposition, a
In the intervening decade the opposition and rancor which had greeted the project had subsided. The AIDS epidemic, which had devastated the gay community, added to the impact of its mute figures. In March 2000, for their role in the gay rights movement, the Stonewall Inn and Christopher Park were designated a National Historic Landmark, and Segal’s sculpture has become a popular pilgrimage site.
Erected by New York City Department of Parks & Recreation.
Location. 40° 44.017′ N, 74° 0.14′ W. Marker is in New York, New York, in New York County. Marker is at the intersection of Christopher Street and Seventh Avenue South on Christopher Street. Touch for map. The marker is found within Christopher Park, which is now part of the Stonewall National Memorial. Marker is at or near this postal address: 53 Christopher Street, New York NY 10014, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. General Philip Henry Sheridan (a few steps from this marker); Christopher Park (a few steps from this marker); Stonewall Inn (within Ephraim Ellsworth and the New York Fire Zouaves (within shouting distance of this marker); Thomas Paine Death House (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); 27 Christopher Street (about 300 feet away); St. John's Evangelical Lutheran Church (about 300 feet away); Hartwick Seminary (about 400 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in New York.
More about this marker. Note that this marker replaces an earlier NYC Dept. of Parks & Recreation marker for this monument that was located about 10 feet further east, attached to the fence.
Also see . . .
1. The Making of George Segal’s Gay Liberation (The Gay and Lesbian Review, July 1, 2009). (Submitted on October 14, 2016.)
2. It's My Park: Gay Pride Monument (Youtube.com, NYC Parks, 4.5 mins.). (Submitted on October 14, 2016.)
3. Gay Liberation (NYC Parks). NYC Parks' history of the monument, with wording that was clearly the basis for the current marker (albeit with numerous, mostly minor, changes), and was also likely to have been the wording for the previous version of the monument's marker, now no longer present. (Submitted on October 14, 2016.)
Additional keywords. LGBT
Categories. • Arts, Letters, Music • Civil Rights •
Credits. This page was last revised on October 15, 2016. This page originally submitted on October 14, 2016, by Andrew Ruppenstein of Sacramento, California. This page has been viewed 181 times since then and 23 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on October 14, 2016, by Andrew Ruppenstein of Sacramento, California.