Ludlow in Las Animas County, Colorado — The American Mountains (Southwest)
The Ludlow Massacre
On April 20, 1914, the State Militia unleashed an un-warranted attack on striking coal miners and their families living in a tent colony at this site. Eleven children and two women suffocated in a cellar beneath a tent when flames engulfed the overhead shelter. Militia rifle and machine gun fire claimed the lives of at least 5 strikers, an 11 year old boy, and an 18 year old passerby.
The unexpected attack was the fateful climax of miners attempting to achieve freedom from oppression at the hands of coal company officials. Miners were forced to live in company owned camps, buy from company owned stores, and educate their children in company dominated schools. Miners worked unduly long hours under hazardous conditions for meager pay.
On Sept. 23, 1913, miners struck in protest of their conditions, calling for recognition of the United Mine Workers union. Eventually the alleged peace keeping militia became infiltrated with company gunmen, leading to this — the Ludlow Massacre.
Erected 1918 by UMWA L.U. 9856 Dist. 15.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Disasters • Labor Unions. A significant historical date for this entry is April 20, 1914.
Location. 37° 20.353′ N, 104° 35.033′ W. Marker is in Ludlow, Colorado, in Las Animas County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of County Road 44Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Trinidad CO 81082, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 13 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Ludlow Tent Colony Site Memorial (here, next to this marker); Celebration & Sorrow (here, next to this marker); Hastings Mine Explosion (approx. 2.3 miles away); The Ludlow Massacre - Cultural Frontier / Hispano Colorado - El Moro Country (approx. 9.3 miles away); Santa Fe Trail (approx. 12 miles away); Christopher Carson (approx. 12 miles away); Welcome to Colorado - Trinidad Country / Trinidad - Army of the West (approx. 12.4 miles away); World War II Veterans Memorial (approx. 12.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Ludlow.
Also see . . .
1. The Ruins of the Ludlow Colony. (Submitted on December 17, 2016, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
2. Wikipedia article on the Ludlow Massacre. (Submitted on December 17, 2016, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
1. Additional Information
The Ludlow Massacre of the miners settlement was similar to the massacre of a score of miners in Pennsylvania in the 1870s by the collusion of the Pinkertons and industrialist Franklin Gowen. My uncle Alec Campbell was one of the executed Molly Maguires, framed and executed by Gowen and the Pinkertons. I have published a book on Amazon Books about the event entitled A Molly Maguire Story Revised Edition. I have also published a book on Amazon on the death Of Gowen, whose death was blamed pn the miners. It is entitled The Death of Franklin Gowen.
Credits. This page was last revised on December 31, 2017. It was originally submitted on December 17, 2016, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 498 times since then and 25 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on December 17, 2016, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.