Anacostia in Washington, District of Columbia — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
An East-of-the-River View
— Anacostia Heritage Trail —
Whether by design or by accident, in 1910 the city built Anacostia's police station on the unofficial dividing line between the black and white residential sections. Until the 1960s residents rarely crossed the line, and children learned to stay where they belonged. "We [African Americans] had our world; we never really went outside it;' remembered neighborhood activist Rev. Oliver Johnson, so he "never felt discrimination" as a child.
Others saw it differently. Speaking of his youth in the 1940s, former Council member Stanley Anderson recalled in an interview with historian Dianne Dale that, "when you went below [the precinct house], white folks lived in there. And once you got down to Good Hope Road, you were in serious trouble .... You were constricted, so to speak, in those days." Even Anacostia Park was divided. African Americans stayed south of Good Hope Road, and whites used the north side, where the swimming pool and tennis courts were
Until 1909 when the 11th Precinct was established, Anacostia, Hillsdale, and other neighborhoods here were part of the 5th Precinct, headquartered across the river. The new precinct's Spanish style building replaced a substation closer to Good Hope Road.
The Salvation Army's Solomon G. Brown Corps Community Center honors Hillsdale's Renaissance man. Although unschooled, Brown (ca. 1829-1906) became an expert on natural history during his 54 years at the Smithsonian and lectured frequently before scientific societies. Brown also founded several civic organizations and. in 1871 was elected to represent Anacostia and Hillsdale. in DC's short-lived territorial government.
Erected 2013 by Cultural Tourism DC. (Marker Number 10.)
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: African Americans • Architecture • Charity & Public Work • Science & Medicine. In addition, it is included in the Anacostia Heritage Trail series list.
Location. 38° 51.81′ N, 76° 59.444′ W. Marker is in Anacostia in Washington, District of Columbia. Marker is on Martin Luther King Jr. Avenue Southeast north of Morris Road Southeast when traveling north. Touch for map. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A Museum for the Community (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); Transit and Trade (about 600 feet away); The Big Chair (about 800 feet away); The World’s Largest Chair (about 800 feet away); a different marker also named The Big Chair (approx. 0.2 miles away); Nichols Avenue Elementary School/Old Birney School Site (approx. 0.2 miles away); Birney School (approx. 0.2 miles away); A Neighborhood Oasis (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Anacostia.
Credits. This page was last revised on March 12, 2019. It was originally submitted on January 6, 2017, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. This page has been viewed 480 times since then and 21 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on January 6, 2017, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. 7, 8, 9. submitted on January 9, 2017, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
Editor’s want-list for this marker. A photo of the marker reverse. • Can you help?