“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Science & Medicine Topic

The Hospital Marker image, Touch for more information
By Mark Hilton, September 25, 2022
The Hospital Marker
1 Alabama, Autauga County, Marbury — The Hospital1904-1939
Erected on this site in 1904 by the State of Alabama, the Hospital was constructed to meet what was described as the "pressing need" for medical care of the veterans at the Confederate Soldiers' Home. This 25-bed facility was said to . . . Map (db m206691) HM
2 Alabama, Barbour County, Eufaula — Confederate Hospital1861 - 1865
“Sanctuary for valiant and courageous men” Built for a river tavern 1836 Map (db m27986) HM
3 Alabama, Barbour County, Eufaula — T.V. McCoo High School / Dr Thomas Vivian (T.V.) McCoo
T.V. McCoo High School In 1957, Eufaula citizens supported a bond issue that included, among other education projects, construction funds to relocate and build a new Van Buren High School facility. Completed in the same year, the campus was . . . Map (db m197392) HM
4 Alabama, Butler County, Greenville — Site of Confederate Hospital1861 – 1865
Title is textMap (db m130053) HM
5 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — 7 — Anniston Memorial HospitalMay 14, 1961 — Anniston Civil Rights Trail —
When seven injured "Freedom Riders" arrived at the Hospital on this date, the mob that had attacked them earlier in the day followed. The Riders were testing desegregation of public transportation in the South by riding buses. The bus they . . . Map (db m106647) HM
6 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — Civic PurposeExploring the History of Block No. 148 - The Site of Anniston's Federal Courthouse
In the early 1940s, all of the buildings on Block 148 were demolished to make way for two new buildings, the USO Recreation Center and a public health building. Paul W. Hofferbert designed the USO building for the Army. Hofferbert was a local . . . Map (db m217677) HM
7 Alabama, Calhoun County, Jacksonville — Confederate Hospital
This Church was used for a Confederate Hospital During the War Between The States Erected by General John H. Forney Chapter U.D.C. Sept 27, 1937Map (db m36539) HM
8 Alabama, Calhoun County, Jacksonville — Doctor Francis' Office
This general practitioner's office is the only remaining structure of its type in northeast Alabama. It was built on the court-house square about 1850 by Dr. J. C. Francis, a beloved family doctor who served Jacksonville for more than 50 years. He . . . Map (db m23350) HM
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9 Alabama, Cherokee County, Centre — Mose Hampton 1808-1885Early Black Leader and Inventor in Cherokee County
Mose Hampton bought his freedom prior to the Civil War. He was a builder, assisted in laying out and surveying the town of Centre, a minister in the Episcopal Methodist North, and an inventor. Mr. Hampton owned land in the vicinity of this marker on . . . Map (db m120046) HM
10 Alabama, Chilton County, Marbury — Memorial TreePlanted February 12, 1928
Two cedar trees were planted and dedicated at the Alabama Confederate Soldiers' Home on February 12, 1928 in memory of Mrs. Sarah H. Bellinger and 1st Lt. Robert C. Norris. Mrs. Bellinger and her husband, Dr. Carnot Bellinger, established the . . . Map (db m129412) HM
11 Alabama, Colbert County, Sheffield — 101 MemorialWorld War I
Dedicated to Civilian defense workers in critical industry for the war. US Army directed construction and production via Air Nitrate Corp. Army Projects here in 1917-1918 required 20,000 workers recruited from across the USA. The great flu-pandemic . . . Map (db m138776) HM WM
12 Alabama, Colbert County, Sheffield — Nitrate Plant No. 1
An Experimental Plant During World War 1, construction of the first ammonia synthesis plant in the U.S. began on this location in October 1917. With plans acquired by American and British espionage, construction of U.S. Nitrate Plant No. 1 . . . Map (db m183927) HM
13 Alabama, Colbert County, Tuscumbia — Yellow Fever Epidemic 1878 / The 31 Victims of Yellow Fever Who died in Tuscumbia
Side AYellow Fever Epidemic 1878 Taking 31 Lives in Tuscumbia Citizen's Relief Committee: F.H. Aydlett, H.M. Finley, J.J. Davis, James Jackson, Chm. J.W. Rand Jr., F.A. Ross, J.N. Sampson, Sec. and C. A. Womble. . . . Map (db m29263) HM
14 Alabama, Conecuh County, Burnt Corn — Dr. John Watkins1785 - 1853
One of the framers of the constitution of the State of Ala, represented Monroe Co. in the first legislature of the new state in 1819, rep- resented Butler, Conecuh & Monroe Cos. in the State Sen- ate 1820-1842-1845. He was the . . . Map (db m81321) HM
15 Alabama, Conecuh County, Burnt Corn — Dr. Watkins House
This two and a half story structure with unusual lower front extension was the home of Dr. John Watkins. Dr. Watkins was one of the first and few physicians in this part of the Mississippi Territory. Before coming to Burnt Corn, he lived in . . . Map (db m81297) HM
16 Alabama, Conecuh County, Evergreen — In Honor of Native Son Ernest Stanley Crawford, M.D.
This pioneer surgeon, teacher and medical statesman was born May 12, 1922 in Evergreen. He worked at Conecuh Drug Company as a youngster and graduated from Evergreen High School (1940). His undergraduate degree was received from the University of . . . Map (db m81289) HM
17 Alabama, Cullman County, Cullman — Weiss CottageCullman’s Oldest House
Preservation of this Weiss Cottage was initiated by the Cullman County Historical Society and implemented by the Cullman County Federation of Women’s Clubs, City of Cullman Bicentennial Commission and the City of Cullman Community Development . . . Map (db m33836) HM
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18 Alabama, Cullman County, Joppa — Corbin Homestead
Thomas Monroe Corbin and his wife, Ella, settled here in 1894 on 80 acres and built a home. As pioneers, they cleared the ground with crosscut saws, draft horses, double-bit axes, and shovels. Rocks from the field, removed with a horse-drawn slide, . . . Map (db m160656) HM
19 Alabama, Dale County, Midland City — Town of Midland CityCity Hall
The Howell House was built in 1907 by Dr. Samuel Matthew Crawford Howell, Midland City's first doctor. City Hall was established here December 17.1992. Mayor Joe Bob Parker Councilmen Clarence Shirrah · Paul Davis · Wiley Gibson · . . . Map (db m191351) HM
20 Alabama, Dale County, Ozark — Dowling - Steagall House
Constructed in c. 1900 by G. P. Dowling, the Dowling-Steagall House is a Classical Revival dwelling featuring a full-height portico with Ionic columns and an elaborate door surround. A judge and prominent businessman, G. P. Dowling organized Ozark's . . . Map (db m36510) HM
21 Alabama, Dale County, Ozark — The Dr. Eratus Byron Ard Family Memorial
This Marker is placed here as a memorial to Dr. Eratus Byron Ard and his wife Zenada Byrd Ard and to their family who occupied this property from 1895 to 1971. Their children were: Ligon Briggs Ard Toxey Ard Sorrell . . . Map (db m184073) HM
22 Alabama, Dallas County, Cahaba — Cahaba Drug Store Reported permanently removed
The Cahaba Drug Store once covered this cellar hole. It was operated by Herbert Hudson and J. D. Craig. On the same lot were T. L. Craig's large family grocery, Coleman's dry goods store, and Fellows' Jewelry. All these men were related . . . Map (db m23008) HM
23 Alabama, Dallas County, Cahaba — Drug Store & the Room Above
The Drug Store This hole was once the cellar beneath a drug store operated by Herbert Hudson & James D. Craig. They sold medicines, chemicals, paints, perfumes, and cigars. On the same lot was Thomas L. Craig's large family grocery, . . . Map (db m150849) HM
24 Alabama, Dallas County, Selma — Mabry - Jones Home
This Greek Revival dwelling was built c. 1850 by Dr. Albert Gallatin Mabry, a prominent physician and member of the Alabama Legislature. Dr. Mabry was a leader in organizing the Alabama State Medical Association and instrumental in passing . . . Map (db m83580) HM
25 Alabama, Elmore County, Wetumpka — Bartram's Trail
William Bartram, America’s first native born artist-naturalist, passed through Elmore County during the Revolutionary era, making the first scientific notations of its flora, fauna and inhabitants. In 1776 the appointed botanist of Britain’s King . . . Map (db m69431) HM
26 Alabama, Escambia County, Brewton — Pilgrims' Rest Cemetery
This cemetery was established in 1854 when Pilgrims' Rest Baptist Church was founded across the road on September 17 in that same year. The cemetery remained prominent in Alco even though the original congregation moved and Alco Methodist Church . . . Map (db m130672) HM
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27 Alabama, Etowah County, Gadsden — Sisters Missionary Servants Of The Most Blessed Trinity
On January 25, 1925 the Sisters acquired the 25 - bed Gadsden General Hospital on Chestnut Street and renamed it Holy Name of Jesus Hospital. The Hospital grew under the leadership of the Founders, Father Thomas A. Judge, C. M. and Mother Mary . . . Map (db m39141) HM
28 Alabama, Etowah County, Gadsden — William Luther Sibert Major General U.S. Army (Ret.)1860-1935
This is the site of the family home of Gadsden native General William Luther Sibert who played a major role in the construction of the Panama Canal. While serving in the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, he was appointed chief engineer for the Atlantic . . . Map (db m39253) HM
29 Alabama, Hale County, Greensboro — Gayle - Tunstall House
Built in 1828-29 by John Gayle, sixth governor of Alabama. Birthplace of Amelia Gayle Gorgas, wife of Gen. Josiah Gorgas, Chief of Ordnance, CSA, mother of Wm. Crawford Gorgas, US Surgeon General who freed Canal Zone of yellow fever. . . . Map (db m83754) HM
30 Alabama, Hale County, Prairieville — Dr. Benjamin M. Duggar1872-1956 Reported damaged
Discover of the antibiotic, Aureomycin
Son of a beloved country doctor, he carried a dedicated spirit to the frontiers of science Having won degrees at Alabama, Auburn, Missouri, Harvard and Cornell, he taught at Cornell, . . . Map (db m38191) HM
31 Alabama, Houston County, Columbia — The Chacato People — Creek Heritage Trail —
The original builders of the Omussee Creek mound had abandoned the site by around 1550, but the area continued to be occupied by Native American groups well into the early nineteenth century. As early as the 1630s, Spanish missionaries from . . . Map (db m115037) HM
32 Alabama, Jefferson County, Birmingham — C6 — Ballard-Hamilton House and OfficeDestination — Birmingham Civil Rights Heritage Trail —
Built 1940, 1420 7th Ave. N. The Ballard House honors a time when thriving neighborhoods; businesses, churches, social, cultural, and civic organizations; made up a dynamic African-American community during the first half of the 20th . . . Map (db m187886) HM
33 Alabama, Jefferson County, Birmingham — Jordan Home2834 Highland Avenue
Dr. Mortimer Harvie Jordan and his wife, Florence E. Mudd, constructed their home between 1906 and 1908. After service in the Confederate army, Jordan studied medicine in Cincinnati and New York (under Alabama's famous gynecologist, Dr. J. Marion . . . Map (db m26743) HM
34 Alabama, Jefferson County, Birmingham — Pauline Bray Fletcher1878 - 1970
In Tribute to Pauline Bray Fletcher 1878 - 1970 The First Black Registered Nurse of Alabama Through self-sacrifice, perseverance founded in 1926 Camp Pauline Bray Fletcher. Renewing the faith and the good health of all black . . . Map (db m27393) HM
35 Alabama, Jefferson County, Birmingham — School of Medicine
Front of Marker: Opened as Alabama Medical College in 1859 in Mobile by Josiah C. Nott and other physicians as part of the University of Alabama. Closed by the Civil War in 1861 it reopened in 1868. Reorganized in 1897, it became the . . . Map (db m83838) HM
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36 Alabama, Jefferson County, Birmingham — St. Vincent’s HospitalBirmingham’s Oldest Hospital
Named for St. Vincent de Paul, founder of the Daughters of Charity in France in 1633, the hospital opened December 20, 1898 in the temporarily rented Henry F. DeBardelaben mansion at 206 15th Street South. Father Patrick A. O’Reilly founded the . . . Map (db m27523) HM
37 Alabama, Jefferson County, Hoover — Founding Of Hoover
The City of Hoover has grown rapidly since its incorporation in 1967 from a small four block area west of this site. A metal shed behind Employers Ins. Co. became the first fire station and “city hall.” A bank, grocery, hardware, drug . . . Map (db m28448) HM
38 Alabama, Jefferson County, Mountain Brook — First Tuberculosis Sanatorium
1,000 feet East a small group of tents erected May, 1910 by the Anti Tuberculosis Association of Jefferson County constituted the first effort to aid victims of tuberculosis in North Alabama.Map (db m26964) HM
39 Alabama, Lauderdale County, Florence — Dr. Hicks Boulevard
This boulevard was named in honor of Dr. Leonard Jerry Hicks by the City of Florence in 1981. Dr. Hicks was a prominent Black leader of the community and was recognized for his skills as a physician across the State of Alabama. He was born September . . . Map (db m35257) HM
40 Alabama, Lauderdale County, Florence — Ellen Dorrit HoffleitCity of Florence Walk of Honor
Dr. Ellen D. Hoffleit, celebrated worldwide for her many contributions to astronomy, discovered more than 1,200 variable stars. She authored Yale Bright Star Catalogue which is used in almost every astronomical observatory in the world. . . . Map (db m219302) HM
41 Alabama, Lauderdale County, Florence — Locust Dell Academy1834~1843
On this site Nicholas Marcellus Hentz conducted a girls' school. Native of Metz, France, Hentz was a painter, entomologist, author, and was once a professor at University of North Alabama. Experimenting with silkworms, he planted groves of mulberry . . . Map (db m84029) HM
42 Alabama, Lauderdale County, Florence — Pesthouse and Cemetery / Pestilences1866 / "Prior to 20th Century"
Side 1 Following an outbreak of the dreaded plague, smallpox (Variola), at Florence during the winter of 1865-66, the Board of Alderman adopted a resolution on January 2, 1866, that a Pesthouse be “erected at the vineyard as soon as . . . Map (db m84043) HM
43 Alabama, Lauderdale County, Florence — Pope's TavernLambeth Home
Constructed by 1830 by Leroy Pope as a Stagecoach Stop, Tavern and Inn and named Pope's Tavern. The building was used as a Hospital by both Union and Confederate Soldiers during the War between the States. In 1874 it as purchased for a . . . Map (db m212435) HM
44 Alabama, Lauderdale County, Florence, East Florence — Jesse Clopton JamesCity of Florence Walk of Honor
As an accomplished scientist, Jesse C. James did groundbreaking studies of Venus, Mars, and the Sun; and he managed the Harvard Astronomy Station in Texas. He garnered 12 patents and authored 22 papers in scientific journals. Inducted 2019 City . . . Map (db m219180) HM
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45 Alabama, Lawrence County, Courtland — Harris-Simpson Home
Side A This circa 1820 house is thought to be one of the oldest houses in Courtland. Occupying a lot platted by the Courtland Land Company in 1818, the house faces North toward what was once the main Tuscumbia Road. Dr. Jack Shackelford . . . Map (db m84306) HM
46 Alabama, Lawrence County, Moulton — Judge Thomas M. Peters
A scientist of national fame, Peters (1810-1888) lived for many years in Moulton with his wife Naomi (Leetch), a relative of President James K. Polk, who possibly visited here. A man of many talents, Peters was a noted linguist, early civil rights . . . Map (db m69670) HM
47 Alabama, Lee County, Auburn — Cary HallBuilt 1940 — A Memorial to Dr. Charles Allen Cary (1861-1935) —
(Side 1) Dr. Charles Cary, a native of Iowa and graduate of Iowa State in 1887, came to Auburn in 1892 and taught the first class of veterinary medicine at Alabama Polytechnic Institute. He has been called the Father of Veterinary . . . Map (db m74436) HM
48 Alabama, Lee County, Auburn — The East Alabama Methodist College
The East Alabama Methodist College occupying this site was used as a Confederate hospital 1864 • 1865 1888 Alabama Polytechnic Institute Agricultural & Mechanical College Burned June 24, 1887.Map (db m183920) HM
49 Alabama, Lee County, Opelika — African-American Rosemere CemeteryLee County
Side 1 On February 9, 1876, the City of Opelika paid D.B. Preston $80 for two acres of land to establish an African-American section of Rosemere Cemetery. This rectangular area of the cemetery contains 176 blocks, with 16 being partial . . . Map (db m75139) HM
50 Alabama, Lee County, Opelika — Darden House
Dr. John Wesley Darden, was the first African American physician to treat patients within a 30-mile radius of Opelika. He built the Darden House in 1904, and later married Maude Jean Logan of Montgomery. Dr. and Mrs. Darden shaped many lives through . . . Map (db m75131) HM
51 Alabama, Limestone County, Elkmont — Downtown Scenes
01: Looking south on Railroad Street. 02: McWilliams Store, June 1913. 03: Drugstore interior, 1940s. 04: Citizens' Bank, early 1900s. 05: Elkmont Post Office, circa 1900s. 06: Telephone switchboard, early 1900s. 07: Elkmont Post . . . Map (db m93856) HM
52 Alabama, Limestone County, Elkmont — Pettusville
Pettusville was named for Dr. Thomas Coleman Pettus (1816-1890) who came from Lunenburg Co., Virginia and purchased land that encompassed Bailes Hollow in the late 1840s. Dr. Pettus discovered seven "medicinal springs” deep in the hollow. The . . . Map (db m154186) HM
53 Alabama, Macon County, Notasulga — Camp WattsNamed for Thomas H. Watts — CSA Attorney General (1862-63) and Alabama Governor (1863-65) —
The camp on this site served as a military hospital, a camp of conscription and instruction, a supply depot, and a cemetery during the War Between the States. At one time, there were hundreds of headstones and rocks marking the final resting place . . . Map (db m73529) HM
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54 Alabama, Macon County, Notasulga — Shiloh Missionary Baptist Church "The Tree"
It was under this tree that participants in the U.S. Public Health Study of Untreated Syphilis in Negro Males in Macon County, Alabama, met to wait for Nurse Rivers, the Shiloh School nurse, to come and either administer treatment, update health . . . Map (db m95113) HM
55 Alabama, Macon County, Notasulga — Shiloh Missionary Baptist Church Cemetery
Oldest Identified Grave Site: 1881. Grave sites include participants of the U.S. Public Health Study of Syphilis in Untreated Black Males, 1930-1972. Designated State of Alabama Historic Site: 2006Map (db m151227) HM
56 Alabama, Macon County, Notasulga — Shiloh-Rosenwald School / Shiloh Missionary Baptist Church
Shiloh-Rosenwald School The Shiloh-Rosenwald School, located in Notasulga, was a collaboration between educator Booker T. Washington and Julius Rosenwald, CEO of Sears. Rosenwald schools are landmarks in the history of African-American . . . Map (db m95109) HM
57 Alabama, Macon County, Tuskegee — Bartram's Trail
William Bartram, America's first native born artist - naturalist, passed through Macon County during the Revolutionary era, making the first scientific notations of its flora, fauna and inhabitants. As the appointed botanist of Britain's King George . . . Map (db m99676) HM
58 Alabama, Macon County, Tuskegee — The Tuskegee Veterans Administration Hospital Reported missing
The Tuskegee Veterans Administration Hospital (VA), established in 1923, is significant as the first VA hospital in the nation to be administered by an all African American medical staff. After WWI, African American veterans found it difficult . . . Map (db m101900) HM
59 Alabama, Macon County, Tuskegee Institute — Carver Research Foundation1951
On February 10, 1940 George Washington Carver signed the deed of gift establishing the Carver Foundation with a $33,000 contribution from his personal savings. According to Carver, the foundation was established "for the purpose of combining . . . Map (db m101912) HM
60 Alabama, Macon County, Tuskegee Institute — Carver's Laboratory — Tuskegee Institute National Historic Site —
The primary idea in all of my work was to help the farmer and fill the poor man's empty dinner pail . . . —George Washington Carver George Washington Carver taught classes and developed new products from peanuts, . . . Map (db m101938) HM
61 Alabama, Macon County, Tuskegee Institute — Enhancing Health Care — Tuskegee Institute National Historic Site —
Let our societies spend less money in taking care of the sick, and much more money in promoting the health of the race . . . . Let us make health contagious in every community rather than disease. —Booker T. Washington, Address . . . Map (db m101940) HM
62 Alabama, Macon County, Tuskegee Institute — George Washington CarverDied in Tuskegee Alabama — January 5, 1943 —
A life that stood out as a gospel of self-forgetting service. He could have added fortune to fame but caring for neither he found happiness and honor in being helpful to the world. The centre of his world was the South where he was born in . . . Map (db m100165) HM
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63 Alabama, Madison County, Huntsville — Burritt Museum
Situated on 167 acres of some of the most scenic land in North Alabama, the museum and its grounds contain items of local and national interest. This property was willed to the City of Huntsville in 1955 by Dr. William Henry Burritt . . . Map (db m27876) HM
64 Alabama, Madison County, Huntsville — Camp Monte Sano1888 to 1898
Over 200 soldiers were sent from Fort Barancas, Fl. each summer 1888 to 1898 to recuperate from yellow fever and malaria. Approximately 20 acres with a hospital. Joseph Boan, son of Mary and Sgt. Joseph Boan was born at Camp Monte Sano July 1888. . . . Map (db m154274) HM
65 Alabama, Madison County, Huntsville — Historic Viduta / Hotel Monte Sano
(Front):Historic Viduta "Viduta"-derived from Spanish "vida" meaning "life" In a time when yellow fever, malaria, and cholera threatened, Dr. Thomas Fearn and his brothers Robert and George were drawn by the cool air and medicinal . . . Map (db m27795) HM
66 Alabama, Madison County, Huntsville — NASA / U.S. Geological SurveyMobile Geological Laboratory
The Mobile Geological Laboratory (MOLAB) was built as part of the development of NASA's Lunar Roving Vehicle(LRV) program. NASA engineers and scientists studied a number of different concepts for vehicles to use on the lunar surface. This rover . . . Map (db m98200) HM
67 Alabama, Madison County, Huntsville — Saturn V
Used during the Apollo Lunar Landing Program of the 1960's and 1970's, the Saturn V rocket remains the largest, most powerful rocket ever built. This full scale mock up was completed in July 1999 to serve as the focal point for the 30th . . . Map (db m85601) HM
68 Alabama, Madison County, Huntsville — Superconductivity Discovery
A graduate student from The University of Alabama in Huntsville achieved a major advance in science at this site on January 29, 1987. He discovered that a material composed of Yttrium, Barium, Copper, and Oxygen would superconduct—show no electrical . . . Map (db m94963) HM
69 Alabama, Mobile County, Mobile — Barton Academy
The first public school in Alabama built in 1835-36, used continuously since that time for the purpose of education except for a brief period during the Civil War when it was a hospital. Named for State Rep. Willoughby Barton of Mobile who was the . . . Map (db m143517) HM
70 Alabama, Mobile County, Mobile — 32 — Dr. H. Roger Williams(1869-1929)
Dr. Williams opened one of the early African-American drugstores- Live and Let Live on this site in 1901. Born on a sugar plantation in Louisiana, he graduated from Meharry Medical School in 1900 and was the second black physician to practice . . . Map (db m86393) HM
71 Alabama, Mobile County, Mobile — 16 — Dr. James A. Franklin(1886-1972)
This was the residence of Dr. Franklin, who served the medical needs of Mobile for fifty-three years. He never turned an indigent patient away. Franklin was the only African-American to graduate from the University of Michigan in 1911. He opened his . . . Map (db m111350) HM
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72 Alabama, Mobile County, Mobile — 15 — Dr. Thomas N. Harris
Dr. Harris, born April 6, 1868, in Montgomery, Alabama was one of the earliest black physicians to practice medicine in Mobile. He graduated in 1899 from Meharry Medical College in Nashville, Tennessee with dual degrees in dentistry and medicine. To . . . Map (db m86400) HM
73 Alabama, Mobile County, Mobile — Gen. William C. Gorgas
On this site stood the Gov. John Gayle home, birthplace of William Crawford Gorgas, world famous sanitarian, Panama Canal Zone, 1902-14; Surgeon Gen. & Maj. General; conqueror of dread plagues of yellow fever and malaria.Map (db m98590) HM
74 Alabama, Mobile County, Mobile — It Takes a Village
(front side) Mobile’s Hidden Figures initiative originated from the Mobile United Leadership Mobile’s Class of 2017 inaugural Diversity and Inclusion team. The objective is to raise awareness of diverse community members . . . Map (db m117243) HM
75 Alabama, Mobile County, Mobile — Mobile City Hospital
Built in 1830 by Thomas S. James, Mobile's third hospital has been preserved in its original design except for additions at each end, serving without interruption through disastrous fires, yellow fever epidemics, and war. For 83 years between . . . Map (db m86404) HM
76 Alabama, Mobile County, Mobile — Office of Dr. Henry S. LeVert, 1804-1864.
Mobile Physician, 1829-1864. Son of Dr. Claudeus LeVert, who came to Virginia as fleet surgeon under General Rochambeau. This Italianate style building served as a doctor's office for one hundred years, 1858-1954. Preserved by the action of the . . . Map (db m40667) HM
77 Alabama, Mobile County, Mobile — 33 — St. Martin de Porres Hospital
Established in 1947 by the Catholic Archdiocese of Mobile for the black community because segregation prevented black doctors from admitting patients to the City Hospital. Present building erected in 1950 and named for St. Martin de Porres, who was . . . Map (db m111355) HM
78 Alabama, Mobile County, Mobile — U.S. Marine Hospital
Built 1838-1841. In Operation 1842-1952. Served Confederate and Union Troops, 1861-1865Map (db m86357) HM
79 Alabama, Mobile County, Mt. Vernon — 2 — Mount Vernon Arsenal — Mount Vernon History Trail —
The cannon in front of you, buried muzzle-down during an 1873 land survey to mark a corner of the Mount Vernon Military Reservation, is just one of many reminders that Mount Vernon hosted important U.S. Army posts throughout the 19th century. . . . Map (db m149304) HM
80 Alabama, Mobile County, Mt. Vernon — Mt. Vernon Arsenal and Barracks/Searcy Hospital
(obverse) Mt. Vernon Arsenal and Barracks Established 1828 by Congress to store arms and munitions for U. S. Army. Original structures completed 1830's. Arsenal appropriated by Confederacy 1861; equipment moved to Selma . . . Map (db m70593) HM
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81 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — A Refuge — Selma to Montgomery National Historic Trail —
The City of St Jude, always a refuge for African Americans, hosted the marchers on the last night of their journey. This religious complex—named for the patron saint of impossible situations—housed a school church and hospital and had a 36-acre . . . Map (db m91481) HM
82 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — City of St. Jude/The Selma to Montgomery March
(side 1) City of St. Jude Founded by Father Harold Purcell in the 1930s, the City of St. Jude included church, school, medical facilities, social center and rectory. Its mission was to provide spiritual, educational, social and . . . Map (db m86070) HM
83 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Dr. J. Marion Sims
This tablet marks the site of the office and infirmary of DR. J. MARION SIMS Here, in 1845, he performed the first closure of a vesico-vaginal fistula with wire suture, using a pewter spoon as speculum. This operation made him famous throughout the . . . Map (db m36576) HM
84 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Hale Infirmary / The Lynching of Willie Temple
Hale Infirmary On this site for nearly seven decades stood Hale Infirmary. It was among 25 hospitals in Alabama, and the first in Montgomery, estab- lished during the Black Hospital Movement, an effort to overcome healthcare inequities for . . . Map (db m234467) HM
85 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — James Marion Sims1813 - 1888 — Father of Modern Gynecology —
Montgomery 1848-1849 Operations he devised cured a then considered hopeless malady—gaining him fame as a benefactor of women. Founded—Women's Hospital—City of New York—-1855. Decorated by Emperor of France—Kings . . . Map (db m87208) HM
86 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — John Allan WyethM.D., L.L.D.
. . . Map (db m36639) HM
87 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Office of Dr. Luther Leonidas Hill / Office Site of Dr. J. Marion Sims
(Side A):Office of Dr. Luther Leonidas HillThis early 20th-century building was office of Dr. L.L. Hill who, in 1902, performed first open heart surgery in the Western Hemisphere when he sutured stab wound in young boy's heart. A . . . Map (db m86413) HM
88 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Percy Lavon JulianScientist and Humanitarian — 1899-1975 — Reported missing
Born on the west side of Holt Street, April 11, 1899, Percy Lavon Julian entered Depauw University in 1916; graduated in chemistry with Phi Beta Kappa honors. Earned master's from Harvard, Ph.D. at the University of Vienna. His studies led to a . . . Map (db m86418) HM
89 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery, Highland Park — Forest Avenue's Medical Facilities / Oak Park Montgomery's First Public Park
Side A Forest Avenue's Medical Facilities With the growth of the Highland Park suburb in the 1890s, a medical community developed along Forest Avenue. In 1895, Dr. Isaac Watkins opened Highland Park Sanatorium in three frame . . . Map (db m71264) HM
90 Alabama, Morgan County, Valhermoso Springs — Valhermoso Springs"Vale of Beauty"
The restorative qualities of the mineral springs here attracted settlement in the early 1800s. Variously known as Chunn Springs (after Lancelot Chunn) and Manning Springs (after Robert Manning), the spot was named for early developers of the resort . . . Map (db m37208) HM
91 Alabama, Pickens County, Carrollton — Kelly - Stone - Hill Place
Former home of John Herbert Kelly, brigadier general, C.S. Army, born in Carrollton, March 31, 1840. Appointed to West Point at age 17, resigned a few months before graduation. Fought at Shiloh, Perryville, Murfreesboro and Chickamauga. Mortally . . . Map (db m37447) HM
92 Alabama, Pike County, Troy — Cowart HallRenovated 1993
Born in Henderson, Alabama in 1850, Fletcher Jackson Cowart began his working career as a public school teacher. He later served superintendencies for both the Pike County and the Troy City schools. He was editor of the Troy Messenger and a . . . Map (db m38934) HM
93 Alabama, Shelby County, Calera — James Daniel HardyMay 14, 1918 – February 19, 2003
Side 1 James Hardy and his twin brother, Julian, were born and reared in Newala, Alabama, 3 miles east of Montevallo. He attended the consolidated grammar school nearby which had 3 rooms for the 6 grades, then attended high school in . . . Map (db m76244) HM
94 Alabama, Shelby County, Vandiver — Sidney Word Lee(1864-1944)
Founder of Buffalo Rock Company (1901) in Birmingham and creator of Buffalo Rock Ginger Ale, a medicinal tonic first used in the Civil War. Lee's vision and influential support inspired the construction of this road across Double Oak Mountain . . . Map (db m52693) HM
95 Alabama, Sumter County, Livingston — Livingston, Alabama / Livingston's Bored Well
Side 1 Livingston, Alabama Prior to the signing of the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek on September 27, 1830, this site belonged to the Choctaw Nation. Early settlers to the area came from the Carolinas, Georgia, Tennessee, and . . . Map (db m92665) HM
96 Alabama, Tallapoosa County, Dadeville — Grafenberg Medical Institute1852 - 1861
Alabama’s first medical school. Trained physicians who rendered great service to the State and Confederacy. Closed by war and death of its founder, Philip M. Shepard, M.D.Map (db m28741) HM
97 Alabama, Tuscaloosa County, Tuscaloosa — Amelia Gayle Gorgas1826-1913
Daughter of John Gayle, Governor of Alabama. Wife of Josiah Gorgas, Brigadier General, C. S. A. Mother of William Crawford Gorgas, Surgeon General, U. S. A. Untiring nurse in Confederate Hospitals, 1861-1865. First Historian Alabama Division, . . . Map (db m33653) HM
98 Alabama, Tuscaloosa County, Tuscaloosa — Bryce Hospital
Alabama state hospitals inspired by Dorothea Dix in 1849. Opened 1861. Peter Bryce, J. T. Searcy and W. D. Partlow were the superintendents during the next 87 years.Map (db m40480) HM
99 Alabama, Tuscaloosa County, Tuscaloosa — Bryce Hospital Cemetery #1A
One of four historic cemeteries located on the campus of Bryce Hospital, Alabama's oldest mental health facility, this cemetery features at least thirty-seven marked graves, the earliest of which dates to 1892. There are an undetermined number of . . . Map (db m235525) HM
100 Alabama, Tuscaloosa County, Tuscaloosa — Bryce Hospital Cemetery #2
One of four historic cemeteries located on the campus of Bryce Hospital, Alabama's oldest mental health facility, this cemetery was established in 1922 and was closed for burials in 1953. It contains approximately 1550 burials mostly marked with . . . Map (db m40449) HM

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Dec. 6, 2023