Near Houghton in Brown County, South Dakota — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
Civilian Conservation Corps Camp
Camp BF-2 (Sand Lake): 2 1/2 miles W and 2 1/2 miles S at headquarters. Company: 2749--6/28/35 - 7/31/39.
The Civilian Conservation Corps was a federal work-relief program during the Great Depression. From 1933 to 1942, the CCC provided work for 31,097 jobless men in South Dakota - - about 22,000 enrollees (single men aged 17 - 25), about 1,700 veterans, 4,554 American Indians and 2,834 supervisors. The U.S. Army provided 200-man camps, food, clothing, medical care and pay, and educational, recreational and religious programs. The Office of Indian Affairs provided similar services for units on Indian reservations.
BF-2, supervised by the Bureau of Biological Survey, created the 21,451-acre Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge and started the 3,248-acre Waubay Waterfowl Refuge. Enrollees had to clear the land of buildings, rubble and 200 miles of fence before constructing several dams, roads and trails, headquarters buildings and the 100-foot observation tower. They created islands to form channels to protect nesting and resting birds and to circulate river water in dry periods. They planted trees, ground cover and
Erected 1990 by CCC Alumni, the South Dakota State Historical Society, the State Department of Transportation and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. (Marker Number 515.)
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: Charity & Public Work. In addition, it is included in the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC), and the South Dakota State Historical Society Markers series lists. A significant historical year for this entry is 1933.
Location. 45° 45.765′ N, 98° 15.347′ W. Marker is near Houghton, South Dakota, in Brown County. Marker is on 112th Street (State Highway 10) 1.3 miles west of 400th Ave., on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Houghton SD 57449, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 5 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge (a few steps from this marker); Ralph Herseth (approx. 2.2 miles away); Waterfowl (approx. 3½ miles away); a different marker also named Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge (approx. 3½ miles away); Songbirds (approx. 3½ miles away); The View from the Top (approx. 3.6 miles away); Sand Lake's Observation Tower (approx. 3.6 miles away); Father Alexandra Ravoux (approx. 4.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Houghton.
Related marker. Click here for another marker that is related to this marker. To better understand the relationship, study each marker in the order shown.
Credits. This page was last revised on June 14, 2022. It was originally submitted on January 21, 2017, by Ruth VanSteenwyk of Aberdeen, South Dakota. This page has been viewed 227 times since then and 17 times this year. Photos: 1. submitted on January 21, 2017, by Ruth VanSteenwyk of Aberdeen, South Dakota. 2. submitted on January 22, 2017, by Ruth VanSteenwyk of Aberdeen, South Dakota. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.