Cumberland Township in Adams County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Lieut. General James Longstreet
1st Corps Headquarters
Army of Northern Virginia
1st Corps Headquarters
Major Genl. Lafayette McLaws
Major Genl. George E. Pickett
Major Genl. John B. Hood
July 1,2,3,4,5. 1863
These Headquarters were located at a
school house 900 yards westerly
Erected 1920 by Gettysburg National Military Park Commission.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. A significant historical month for this entry is July 1785.
Location. 39° 48′ N, 77° 15.384′ W. Marker is in Cumberland Township, Pennsylvania, in Adams County. Marker is at the intersection of West Confederate Avenue and Millerstown Road, on the right when traveling south on West Confederate Avenue. Located near stop six (Pitzer Woods) of the driving tour of Gettysburg National Military Park, just opposite of the Longstreet Observation tower. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Gettysburg PA 17325, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. President Eisenhowers Gettysburg Farm (within shouting distance of this marker); Longstreet Tower - South ViewLongstreet Tower - East View (within shouting distance of this marker); The Ashland Virginia Artillery (within shouting distance of this marker); The Bedford Virginia Artillery (within shouting distance of this marker); McLaws's Division (within shouting distance of this marker); Parker's Battery - Alexander's Battalion (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Carlton's Battery - Cabell's Battalion (about 400 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Cumberland Township.
Also see . . .
1. Longstreet at Gettysburg. Site provides three sections from Longstreet's personal account of the battle of Gettysburg, written many years after the war. (Submitted on August 10, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
2. Longstreet's Headquarters. Detailed discussion as to the location of the headquarters. More likely than not, the inscription of this marker is in error. Longstreet did not occupy a fixed headquarters on July 1 or 2, and was definitely away from Gettysburg on July 5. A schoolhouse described as the headquarters location (Submitted on December 19, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
1. Site of Headquarters
The citation on the monument would place the location of the headquarters to the west on the present day Eisenhower National Historic Site. Often cited is a small white building known as Pitzer's Schoolhouse or woodshed. However, historians today dispute the accuracy of that claim. More likely, Longstreet
— Submitted August 10, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.
Credits. This page was last revised on December 1, 2020. It was originally submitted on August 10, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,567 times since then and 4 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on August 10, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. 3. submitted on November 13, 2010, by Bill Coughlin of Woodland Park, New Jersey.