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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Cumberland Township in Adams County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Lieut. General James Longstreet

1st Corps Headquarters

 

— Army of Northern Virginia —

 
Lieut. General James Longstreet Headquarters Monument image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, April 12, 2008
1. Lieut. General James Longstreet Headquarters Monument
The upright cannon is a 12-pounder Napoleon of Confederate manufacture. The piece was made at the Columbus Arsenal, Columbus, Georgia in 1863.
Inscription.  
Army of Northern Virginia
1st Corps Headquarters
Lieut. General
James Longstreet

—————
Division
Major Genl. Lafayette McLaws
Major Genl. George E. Pickett
Major Genl. John B. Hood
July 1,2,3,4,5. 1863

These Headquarters were located at a
school house 900 yards westerly

 
Erected 1920 by Gettysburg National Military Park Commission.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. A significant historical month for this entry is July 1785.
 
Location. 39° 48′ N, 77° 15.384′ W. Marker is in Cumberland Township, Pennsylvania, in Adams County. Marker is at the intersection of West Confederate Avenue and Millerstown Road, on the right when traveling south on West Confederate Avenue. Located near stop six (Pitzer Woods) of the driving tour of Gettysburg National Military Park, just opposite of the Longstreet Observation tower. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Gettysburg PA 17325, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. President Eisenhower’s Gettysburg Farm (within shouting distance of this marker); Longstreet Tower - South View
Close Up of the Inscription image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, April 12, 2008
2. Close Up of the Inscription
Click or scan to see
this page online
(within shouting distance of this marker); Longstreet Tower - East View (within shouting distance of this marker); The Ashland Virginia Artillery (within shouting distance of this marker); The Bedford Virginia Artillery (within shouting distance of this marker); McLaws's Division (within shouting distance of this marker); Parker's Battery - Alexander's Battalion (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Carlton's Battery - Cabell's Battalion (about 400 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Cumberland Township.
 
Also see . . .
1. Longstreet at Gettysburg. Site provides three sections from Longstreet's personal account of the battle of Gettysburg, written many years after the war. (Submitted on August 10, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

2. Longstreet's Headquarters. Detailed discussion as to the location of the headquarters. More likely than not, the inscription of this marker is in error. Longstreet did not occupy a fixed headquarters on July 1 or 2, and was definitely away from Gettysburg on July 5. A schoolhouse described as the headquarters location
Longstreet Headquarters Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, November 5, 2010
3. Longstreet Headquarters Marker
is not, in fact, a wartime structure. (Submitted on December 19, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Additional commentary.
1. Site of Headquarters
The citation on the monument would place the location of the headquarters to the west on the present day Eisenhower National Historic Site. Often cited is a small white building known as Pitzer's Schoolhouse or woodshed. However, historians today dispute the accuracy of that claim. More likely, Longstreet
    — Submitted August 10, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on December 1, 2020. It was originally submitted on August 10, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,567 times since then and 4 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on August 10, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   3. submitted on November 13, 2010, by Bill Coughlin of Woodland Park, New Jersey.

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Jan. 22, 2022