St. Charles in Bear Lake County, Idaho — The American West (Mountains)
Gutzon Borglum Monument
Born in the village of St. Charles
Idaho, March 25, 1867
He is internationally known for
his painting and sculptoring
and most famous for Mount
Rushmore National Monument
In the winter of 1866-67, Danish Mormon emigrants Jens and Ida Borglum were traveling west when bad weather forced them to take refuge in a one-room cabin. In March, baby Gutzon arrived ahead of the spring thaw, giving St. Charles the right to claim the future sculptor as a native son. The Borglum family moved to Utah, then to the Midwest when Gutzon was a young child. At an early age, Gutzon knew he wanted to be an artist and the young man moved to California for art school.
A humble beginning
In a 1921 letter to Miss Douglas Hilts, County Superintendent in Gooding, ID, Gutzon stated, "They (his parents) told me...I was born west of Bear Lake, up in the mountains. My memory is that it was about 7,000 feet above sea level; and that they were caught there by winter weather
Husband and father
In 1889, Gutzon married his first wife, painter Lisa Putnam, in Los Angeles. The couple traveled in Europe where they socialized with artists and heads of state. They had no children and the marriage ended in divorce.
Gutzon married Mary Montgomery in 1909. They settled on a farm in Connecticut and had two children, James Lincoln (1912-1986) and Mary Ellis (1916-2002).
A family passion
Gutzon, his brother Solon and their half brothers and sisters all showed a talent for art, but only Gutzon and Solon became world-renowned sculptors. Horses were favorite subjects of the brothers.
Gutzon's son, Lincoln, inherited his father's passion and completed the work on Mount Rushmore after his father's death.
(sidebar on right:)
A talented sculptor, Gutzon earned a national reputation for his colossal works in stone, bronze, and metal. His skill in handling monumental works remains a lasting legacy in American art.
"A monument's dimensions should be determined by the importance to civilization of the events commemorated..." - Gutzon Borglum
Gutzon Borglum (1867-1941) was a prolific American painter and sculptor of stone and bronze with a talent for creating large-scale
"These records will endure until the wind and the rain alone shall wear them away." Gutzon Borglum
A creative career
Many of his sculptures were of civilian and military figures and horses. President Abraham Lincoln was also a favorite subject. The sculptures at he left (sidebar on left) are some of Borglum's more famous works.
Father and son
Gutzon was 60 years old in 1927 when he began the task that his son, Lincoln, would complete several months after his death in 1941. Much of the work was done during the Great Depression, offering some 400 laborers a paycheck and a chance to be part of history. Lincoln began working on his father's crew for no pay. By 1937, he functioned as the project sculptor in his father's absence. In 1938, he was promoted to project superintendent.
Lincoln oversaw the monument's completion after Gutzon's death and served as the first superintendent of the Mount Rushmore National Memorial (1941-1944)
Erected by America's Byways.
Location. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 45 North Main Street, Saint Charles ID 83272, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 8 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. St. Charles (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); British Settlers (approx. 5 miles away); Settlement of Fish Haven (approx. 5.1 miles away); Bloomington (approx. 5.3 miles away); Bear Lake (approx. 5.7 miles away); Thomas Sleight Cabin (approx. 7.7 miles away); Our First Church (approx. 7.8 miles away); Paris (approx. 7.8 miles away).
Also see . . . Gutzon Borglum (1867-1941) Sculptor of Mount Rushmore -- Forgotten Newsmakers. Borglum is responsible for creating the model and picking the site for the carving. During the sculpting he was often more supervisory than hands-on. He would climb all over the mountain to find the best angle for the features of each bust, often insisting on the accuracy of details that could not be seen from ground level. (Submitted on July 20, 2017, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California.)
Categories. • Arts, Letters, Music • Landmarks • Man-Made Features •
More. Search the internet for Gutzon Borglum Monument.
Credits. This page was last revised on July 20, 2017. This page originally submitted on July 20, 2017, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California. This page has been viewed 295 times since then and 64 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on July 20, 2017, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California.