Columbus in Muscogee County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)
Cusseta: A Center for International Diplomacy
— Creek Heritage Trail —
Spanish colonial officials from Florida began establishing with Cusseta in the late 1600s. The English, led by Henry Woodward of Charleston, were trading extensively with the Cussetas by 1685. Records show they were visiting the Chiefs of Cusseta and neighboring Coweta to support these flourishing trade relations at that time. In exchange for a range of manufactured items such as weapons, tools, and clothing, the Creeks provided enormous quantities of deerskins for the Europeans.
In 1739 British General and founder of Georgia James Oglethorpe met with Creek representatives from Cusseta, Coweta, Eufaula, Chehaw and other talwas (tvlwv) on the banks of the Chattahoochee. He sought official permission
Mary Musgrove (Coosaponakeesa) was James Oglethorpe's guide and interpreter when he visited her birthplace of Coweta in 1739. An important interpreter and cultural liaison, she later became Georgia's largest landowner by royal grant.
Description of Cusseta's Setting
Botanist William Bartram traveled this area in 1775-1776 and recorded this description of the region in which Cusseta lay:
"I sat out down the river on a visit to the Cusseta; the lands for 20 miles level, pine, oak and hickory, black jack, the soil dark and apparently rich; enter here the cornfields belonging to the town, an oblong mound... farther another mound near the river...surrounded on the north with mulberry and on the south with evergreens, some of them large...This is the most beautiful I have ever seen, from the top is a view of the river above, the flat lands on the right bank, and all the fields, of about one hundred acres, these fields have been long under culture and yet they are rich, there is no where a stump to be seen."
The Cession of Creek Lands in Georgia
The controversial Treaty of Indian Springs (originally signed
Top right As a result of his role in the cession of Creek land, Chief William McIntosh was later executed by fellow Creeks for illegally ceding land without majority council approval.
Georgia Governor George M. Troup forcefully advocated for acceptance of the Treaty of Indian Springs and the acquisition of former Creek lands in Georgia. At one point, he even threatened open conflict between state and federal forces over the area. Troup was actually a cousin of McIntosh. From The Life of George M. Troup, by Edward Jenkins Harden.
Bottom right map Map of Georgia and Alabama, 1825, showing Lower Creek territory ceded by the Treaty of Indian Springs. By J.А.С. Buchon, H.C. Carey, and I. Lea. Bottom right A transcription of the Treaty of Indian Springs
Erected 2014 by the Historic Chattahoochee Commission, the Muscogee (Creek) Nation and Columbia State University.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Government & Politics • Horticulture & Forestry • Native Americans • Settlements & Settlers. A significant historical year for this entry is 1685.
Location. 32° 23.196′ N, 84° 57.522′ W. Marker is in Columbus, Georgia, in Muscogee County. Marker can be reached from South Lumpkin Road, on the right when traveling south. Located in front of the Oxbow Meadows Environmental Learning Center. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 3535 South Lumpkin Road, Columbus GA 31903, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Daily Life in Cusseta (here, next to this marker); Creek Agriculture (here, next to this marker); The Creek Town of Cusseta (here, next to this marker); The "Chattahoochee Choo Choo" (approx. 0.2 miles away); Dedicated to the American Revolutionary War Infantryman (approx. ¼ mile away); 70th Infantry Div. (approx. ¼ mile away); Operation Just Cause (approx. ¼ mile away); World Trade Center Beam Memorial (approx. ¼ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Columbus.
Credits. This page was last revised on February 5, 2018. It was originally submitted on February 5, 2018, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 132 times since then and 15 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on February 5, 2018, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.