Summer Lake in Lake County, Oregon — The American West (Northwest)
A Memorial to The Second Fremont Exploring Expedition
— to Oregon and North California —
The reports of this expedition directed the migration of the western settlement toward the Oregon Country which hitherto had been merely a rendezvous for trappers.
On December 16th 1843 the expedition, while enroute from the Dalles of the Columbia to Sutters Fort on the Sacramento, struggled from the snowy heights of "Winter Ridge" to the temperate shores of "Summer Lake" via the canyon directly west of this spot and bestowed those names which serve as a permanent reminder of their escape from the snow-bound plateau
Bt. Capt. John C. Fremont, U.S.A.
Chas. Preuss, Topographer
Christopher (Kit) Carson, Scout
Thomas Fitzpatrick, Guide
Alexander Godey, Hunter
John G. Campbell
Topics. This historical marker and memorial is listed in these topic lists: Exploration • Settlements & Settlers. A significant historical date for this entry is December 16, 1843.
Location. 42° 58.329′ N, 120° 46.69′ W. Marker is in Summer Lake, Oregon, in Lake County. Marker is on Fremont Highway (Oregon Route 31) south of Thousand Springs Lane (County Route 4-17), on the right when traveling north. Marker is located in the Summer Lake Rest Stop on the east side of Fremont Highway. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 54198 Fremont Highway, Summer Lake OR 97640, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 1 other marker is within walking distance of this marker. Fremont Arrives (within shouting distance of this marker).
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker.
Also see . . .
1. First and Second Expeditions.
Emigrants traveling to Oregon Country (the area including present-day Oregon, Washington, and Idaho) before Frémont published his report in 1843 did so without an official map. Frémont’s first and second expeditions journeyed into territory unfamiliar to most Americans. Frémont’s descriptions of the land, wildlife, Native Americans, and scenery shaped the nations’ view of the West and contributed to the increased enthusiasm for expanding and settling the western frontier of the United States. (Submitted on February 5, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
2. Trail of the John C. Frémont 1844 Expedition.
At the start of his trip back towards Missouri, Frémont—low on provisions and fearing death from cold and starvation—made a risky decision to turn west and cross the Sierra Nevada to Sutter's Fort in California. It was the middle of winter; the mountains were covered by a deep snow, and Frémont had severely underestimated the challenge that bestowed him. Washoe Indians tried to warn the crew that crossing the Sierra during winter would be impossible. They described, “Rock upon rock; snow, upon snow.” (Submitted on February 5, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
Credits. This page was last revised on February 8, 2018. It was originally submitted on February 5, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 239 times since then and 44 times this year. Last updated on February 7, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on February 5, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.