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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Newark in Licking County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

Licking County Sheriff’s Residence & Jail

 
 
Licking County Sheriff’s Residence & Jail Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, May 26, 2018
1. Licking County Sheriff’s Residence & Jail Marker
Inscription.  July 8, 1910 was a dark day in local history. Carl Etherington, a detective with the Anti-Saloon League of Ohio, had come to Newark to raid saloons and speakeasies for illegal alcohol. Etherington shot local saloon owner William Howard in self-defense, and was taken to the jail. In retaliation for the agents’ activities, a mob formed. The crowd stormed the north side door of the jail, forcibly removed Etherington, and hanged him from a telephone pole on the southeast corner of the courthouse square. Governor Judson Harmon intervened to restore order. Fifty-eight of the mob participants were indicted: 25 for first degree murder, 10 for assault and battery, 21 for rioting, and 2 for perjury. Etherington's lynching received national attention because it stemmed from a local uprising against the Temperance Movement.

Designed by J. W. Yost, a renowned Ohio architect, the jail first opened for use in 1889. The Richardsonian Romanesque structure cost $120,000 to build. It was constructed of pink sandstone known as “brownstone,” which was quarried near Millersburg, Ohio. The front three levels were built to house the families of
Licking County Sheriff’s Residence & Jail and Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, May 26, 2018
2. Licking County Sheriff’s Residence & Jail and Marker
the sheriff and the jail matron. Sheriff Andrew Crilly was the first to occupy the sheriff’s quarters when the jail opened. The rear portion of the building was used for the incarceration of male and female prisoners on separate floors. The 32 cells, each a minimum of 8' x 8' in size, had an official total capacity of 68 prisoners. However, well over that number were housed here at times. The jail building was last used for incarcerations in 1987.
 
Erected 2014 by Licking County Commissioners, Licking County Records and Archives and The Ohio Historical Society. (Marker Number 28-45.)
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: ArchitectureLaw Enforcement. In addition, it is included in the Ohio Historical Society / The Ohio History Connection series list.
 
Location. 40° 3.374′ N, 82° 24.099′ W. Marker is in Newark, Ohio, in Licking County. Marker is at the intersection of South Third Street and East Canal Street, on the left when traveling south on South Third Street. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 46 S 3rd St, Newark OH 43055, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Honoring Carl Etherington (a few steps from this marker); Congressional Medal of Honor Recipients (about 600 feet away,
Licking County Sheriff’s Residence & Jail image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, May 26, 2018
3. Licking County Sheriff’s Residence & Jail
measured in a direct line); The Donald D. Hill County Administration Building (about 600 feet away); Early Transportation in Newark (approx. 0.2 miles away); Soldiers' and Sailors' Memorial Building (approx. 0.2 miles away); "Double Arrow" Wrought Iron Fence (approx. 0.2 miles away); The John W. Alford Building (approx. ¼ mile away); McCune-Stimson House (approx. ¼ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Newark.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on January 21, 2020. It was originally submitted on May 27, 2018, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio. This page has been viewed 130 times since then and 19 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on May 27, 2018, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio.
 
Editor’s want-list for this marker. Close-up photo of Side 2 of the marker • Can you help?
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Aug. 5, 2020