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Law Enforcement Topic

 
Fairhope Museum of History Marker image, Touch for more information
By Sandra Hughes, January 17, 2019
Fairhope Museum of History Marker
GEOGRAPHIC SORT WITH USA FIRST
1Alabama (Baldwin County), Fairhope — Fairhope Museum of History
Dedicated 2008 A gift to the people of Fairhope from The Fairhope Single Tax Corporation & the City of Fairhope Dedicated April 5, 2008 The Front Section of this structure was carefully restored to reflect its original use as Fairhope's . . . — Map (db m128887) HM
2Alabama (Chambers County), Cusseta — Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid / Pat Garrett, "The Man Who Shot Billy the Kid"
Side 1 Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid As sheriff of Lincoln County, Pat Garrett was charged with tracking down and arresting Billy the Kid, a friend from Garrett's saloon keeping days in Fort Sumner, New Mexico. He was captured . . . — Map (db m83262) HM
3Alabama (Cherokee County), Gaylesville — David Hartline
David was born 4 of 12 children, served in combat in Vietnam, was wounded and is a highly decorated war veteran. David is a best selling author, a veteran advocate, and State Commander of the American Legion. He is a former college instructor and . . . — Map (db m114742) HM
4Alabama (DeKalb County), Fort Payne — Lebanon Courthouse
Lebanon Courthouse was constructed during the 1840s when Lebanon, the county seat of DeKalb County, was a thriving community with inns, taverns, and government offices. This building, built for courthouse use, remained in use as a courthouse until . . . — Map (db m156255) HM
5Alabama (Franklin County), Red Bay — The Calaboose
You are standing near the site of “The Calaboose”, Red Bay's only jail until 1949 when the city hall was built. The Calaboose was a small brick building, approximately 10 feet by 20 feet, built over a small ditch. At that time, . . . — Map (db m68983) HM
6Alabama (Lauderdale County), Elgin — Jesse James Gang Canal Payroll Robbery/Trial of Frank James
Jesse James Gang Canal Payroll Robbery March 1881 In, 1881, approximately three miles south of here, the U.S. Corps of Engineers was constructing the Muscle Shoals Canal along the north side of the Tennessee River. On March 11, 1881, . . . — Map (db m99897) HM
7Alabama (Limestone County), Athens — James Edwin Horton, Jr.1878-1973
On June 22, 1933, Judge James Horton of Athens set aside the verdict and death sentence of an all-white jury that found Haywood Patterson, an African American, guilty of raping two white women. Patterson was one of nine black youths falsely accused . . . — Map (db m154195) HM
8Alabama (Morgan County), Decatur — "Scottsboro Boys" Case Landmark Decisions
A series of racially charged trials where nine African American males ages 13 to 20 were falsely accused of raping two white women on a freight train in Alabama produced a pair of landmark civil rights decisions by the U.S. Supreme Court in the . . . — Map (db m154233) HM
9Alabama (Tallapoosa County), Dadeville — Tallapoosa County Peace Officers
Tallapoosa County Honors its Peace Officers who gave their lives in the line of duty Larry Neal Stone Camp Hill PD December 20, 1968 Roland Hicks, Jr. Camp Hill PD August 10, 1969 Clarence Martin . . . — Map (db m95078) HM
10Alabama (Winston County), Haleyville — First 9-1-1 Call
The first 9-1-1 emergency services telephone call was made from the office of the mayor on February 16, 1968. Earlier in the year, AT&T, which had a near monopoly in the telephone industry at the time, had announced its plans for launching the . . . — Map (db m153209) HM
11Arizona (Cochise County), Tombstone — Allen English HomeAdobe Home Built in 1882
Born in Saginaw, Mich., in 1860, English, a law graduate, moved to Tombstone in 1880. He first worked as a miner, then became a partner in Smith & Goodrich law firm. He also served 3 terms as Cochise County District Attorney. English's . . . — Map (db m131100) HM
12Arizona (Cochise County), Tombstone — 33 — Curly Bill Brocius
Curly Bill Brocius killed Marshal Fred White here on October 28th, 1880. — Map (db m53408) HM
13Arizona (Greenlee County), Clifton — Clifton Cliff Jail
Blasted from living rock this jail confined many of the bad men who crowed into the district in the boom days. Local tradition says that the first inmate in 1881 was the miner who built the jail. It was contributed to the town by the Lesinsky . . . — Map (db m36373) HM
14Arizona (Maricopa County), Wickenburg — The Jail Tree
From 1863 to 1890 Outlaws were chained to this tree for lack of a Hoosegow- - Escapes were unknown — Map (db m29475) HM
15Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Hotel CongressHistorical Site
The venerable Hotel Congress, designed by well-known architect, Roy Place, is the last surviving historic hotel in downtown Tucson. This three-story landmark was built in 1919 with exposed masonry construction and marble details. The hotel, south of . . . — Map (db m83200) HM
16Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Officer Erik Hite
Was Killed In The Line Of Duty Near This Location On June 2, 2008 — Map (db m84223) HM
17Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Wyatt Earp Shot Frank Stilwell...
Wyatt Earp joined his four brothers in the silver-boom town of Tombstone in 1879 where brother Virgil was deputy U.S. marshal. Wyatt was a sometimes-lawman himself, and hoped to become sheriff of the newly formed Cochise County in 1881. He . . . — Map (db m28929) HM
18Arizona (Pinal County), Casa Grande — Barony of ArizolaHome of the "Baron of Arizona"
James Addison Peralta Reavis was a brazen forger who claimed over 12 million acres of Central Arizona and Western New Mexico as an Old Spanish Land grant. He and his family lived here in royal style until his fraud was exposed. From the barony he . . . — Map (db m27209) HM
19Arizona (Yuma County), Yuma — Incorrigible WardYuma Territorial Prison State Historic Park
In 1904 an incorrigible ward, consisting of five steel cages, was constructed on this site. The total budget for the building, including steel cages, corrugated iron roofing and lumber, was five hundred dollars. Approximately 4,000 adobe bricks, . . . — Map (db m158296) HM
20Arizona (Yuma County), Yuma — Main CellblockYuma Territorial Prison State Historic Park
The main cellblock was built to house up to 204 prisoners, but at times the Superintendent's report stated that up to 240 prisoners were kept here. Each cell was approximately 9 foot X 12 foot and could hold six prisoners. When space became limited, . . . — Map (db m158292) HM
21Arizona (Yuma County), Yuma — Prison LaborYuma Territorial Prison State Historic Park
Anything a prisoner could not make himself or barter for, he had to do without. As an inmate, forty-eight hours a week were spent working in the fields, quarry, adobe yard, or on assignment in a shop. Whether you needed a tin cup or a new . . . — Map (db m158293) HM
22Arizona (Yuma County), Yuma — View of the Prison from Across the RiverYuma Territorial Prison State Historic Park
Yuma of the 1870's had limited marketplaces. Goods were brought in by steamships or many days' journey through hostile country. Calamities along the journey claimed belongings and supplies more than once. The government compensated by stocking as . . . — Map (db m158298) HM
23Arizona (Yuma County), Yuma — Yuma Territorial PrisonYuma Territorial Prison State Historic Park
The concrete slabs before you are all that remain of an early adobe structure. Originally, this building was where prisoners were processed, ate meals, and received medical attention. Later it housed offices, storerooms, barbershop and the two cells . . . — Map (db m158297) HM
24Arkansas (Benton County), Lowell — Old City Jail
Location: West of the railroad tracks on Lincoln Street between McClure & Monroe, almost directly across from Allen Canning Company Warehouse. It was about 12' x 12', made of native stone, cemented together. One small window on the north side was . . . — Map (db m93282) HM
25Arkansas (Sebastian County), Fort Smith — Deputy U.S. Marshal Bass Reeves
This statue was erected in 2012 as a result of growing awareness of the extraordinary service of Bass Reeves, an African-American former slave who became a highly respected Deputy U.S. Marshal. The deeds of African-American and Native American . . . — Map (db m58047) HM
26Arkansas (Sebastian County), Fort Smith — The Women’s Jail, 1872-1888Fort Smith National Historic Site — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
After the U.S. Army closed Fort Smith in 1871, the guardhouse served the Federal Court for the Western District of Arkansas. It remained in use as a jail, detaining primarily women suspected or convicted of federal crimes until 1888. At that time, . . . — Map (db m58128) HM
27California (Amador County), Ione — Ione City Hall and Police Offices
City Council Michael C. Bohl, Mayor • Bobbie Potts, Mayor Pro Tem • Gary Beck, Councilman • Jim Brazil, Councilman • Loreta Tillery, Councilwoman Staff Randy L. Johnsen, City Administrator • Janic Traverso, City Clerk • Guy Reynolds, . . . — Map (db m2376) HM
28California (Amador County), Ione — 867 — Preston Castle
The “castle,” built in 1890–1894, is the most significant example of Romanesque Revival architecture in the Mother Lode. It was built to house the Preston School of Industry, established by the State Legislature as a progressive . . . — Map (db m100594) HM
29California (Butte County), Forbestown — Black Bart, the PO8
attacked La Port (sic) – Oroville stage here, July 13, 1888. Frank N. Morse, driver, was repulsed by George Hackett, armed messenger for Wells Fargo Express. Twenty eight stage hold-ups in California 1875-1883 are credited to Black Bart, lone . . . — Map (db m134505) HM
30California (Butte County), Oroville — Deputy Sheriff Randal Eugene Jennings
It is not how this officer died that makes him a hero, it is how he lived. Deputy Sheriff Randal Eugene Jennings Badge No. 80 Butte County Sheriff’s Office On May 21, 1997 Deputy Randy Jennings became the first Butte County Sheriff’s . . . — Map (db m65841) HM
31California (Calaveras County), Copperopolis — Black Bart at Funk HillCopperopolis
July 1875, at Funk Hill 4 miles due east Black Bart, alias Charles E. Bolton or Boles, wearing a flour sack mask and a linen duster, waving a double-barrelled shot gun held up the Wells Fargo Sonora to Milton Stage. The first successful stage . . . — Map (db m70090) HM
32California (El Dorado County), Coloma — El Dorado County Jails
Coloma’s first jail was made of logs and was located around the corner on High Street. The second jail, built in 1855, quickly proved to be too small, and this stone-block prison was erected. It was used from 1857 until 1862. The metal cell that . . . — Map (db m12228) HM
33California (El Dorado County), Coloma — Site of Coloma’s Law Offices
In the 1850s, the law offices of Thomas Robertson and the firm of Sanderson and Hews were at this site. The town alcalde also had his office here. Borrowed from Mexican government, the position of alcalde combined the roles of mayor, justice of the . . . — Map (db m17572) HM
34California (El Dorado County), Placerville — In Respectful Memory of Joseph M. StaplesDeputy Sheriff of El Dorado County — Placerville, California —
On Thursday, June 30, 1864 at about 10 PM two west-bound stage coaches of the Pioneer Stage Company were held up and the passengers robbed at gun-point at a location approximately 15 miles east of Placerville. The bandits demanded and obtained . . . — Map (db m13150) HM
35California (El Dorado County), Placerville — Joseph M. Staples
Re-Dedicated July 1, 1986 To The Memory of Joseph M. Staples El Dorado County Deputy Sheriff Who Was Killed In The Line Of Duty July 1, 1864 — Map (db m13970) HM
36California (El Dorado County), Pollack Pines — In Memory of the Bravery of Our Pioneer Officers
Scene of the robbery of two coaches of the Pioneer Stage Line running between Virginia City, Nevada, and Sacramento, California, on the night of June 30, 1864, at about ten o’clock. Perpetrated by a gang of fourteen men, eight sacks of bullion and . . . — Map (db m13922) HM
37California (Fresno County), Coalinga — 344 — Arroyo de Cantua14 Miles
Headquarters of notorious bandit, Joaquin Murieta. Killed here July 25, 1853, by posse of State Rangers, led by Captain Harry Love. Terrorized mining camps and stage operations during his career. — Map (db m148471) HM
38California (Fresno County), Coalinga — 344 — Arroyo de Cantua14 Miles
Headquarters of notorious bandit Joaquin Murieta. Killed here July 25, 1853 by posse of state rangers led by Captain Harry Love. Terrorized mining camps and stage operations during his career. — Map (db m151585) HM
39California (Fresno County), Kingsburg — Fred French
On the night of November 2, 1916, Fred French, while performing his duties of deputy night watchman for the community of Kingsburg, encountered Lew Cowan behaving in a drunken and disorderly manner in the pool hall. Cowan and French engaged in a . . . — Map (db m95379) HM
40California (Fresno County), Kingsburg — George Boyle
Constable George Boyle died of gunshot wounds on November 18, 1924, after being shot four times in a gun battle with three fugitives. According to the Kingsburg Recorder, Boyle was shot four days earlier while attempting to apprehend three convicts . . . — Map (db m95380) HM
41California (Imperial County), Imperial — Mobley Meadows
Mobley Meadows First Sheriff of Imperial County 1907 – 1915 — Map (db m62034) HM
42California (Kern County), Red Mountain — Kelly Silver MineThe Owl Cafe and Slim Riffle
Kelly Silver Mine Silver was discovered directly behind this building around 1918. The Kelly Silver Mine was the richest in the world at the time, albeit other silver mines in the area were very profitable as well. As a result, the . . . — Map (db m152428) HM
43California (Kern County), Tehachapi — Avelino MartinezDied at Age 112 on August 7, 1936 — Last Known Member of the Joaquin Murrieta Horse Gangs —
To quote the authors, Frank F. Latta, Arnold R. Rojas, and Bonnie Ketterl Kane, per Rancho El Tejon’s Mayordomo (Supervisor) of almost sixty years, Don Jose Jesus Lopez (J.J.), about Avelino Martinez; “He was a little dried up gnome of a man, . . . — Map (db m98873) HM
44California (Kern County), Tehachapi — The Women's Prison in Tehachapi - 1932Became California Correction Institution for Men in 1954
In 1933 California’s first women’s prison was established in Tehachapi to provide an environment more conductive to rehabilitation than San Quentin State Prison. Two-story buildings were constructed of reinforced concrete in the French Normandy . . . — Map (db m134503) HM
45California (Kings County), Hanford — Kings County Courthouse
The original Kings County courthouse, built in 1896, served as the seat of Kings County government until 1979. — Map (db m153549) HM
46California (Kings County), Hanford — Kings County Jail
Kings County's original jail served as a home for prisoners and the county sheriff's office from 1897 until 1964. — Map (db m153548) HM
47California (Lake County), Lakeport — 897 — Lake County Courthouse
Lake County’s century-old classic courthouse, designed by A.P. Pettit in 1871, served as the seat of county government from 1871 until 1968 when it was replaced by the new courthouse. Among the court’s landmark cases were the White Cap murders, a . . . — Map (db m152479) HM
48California (Los Angeles County), Covina — Covina Firehouse - Jail Museum
The firehouse-jail was the first civic building commissioned by the city of Covina. The mission revival structure was constructed in 1911 by pioneer builder Clarence Allison. When a new city hall and fire station was built in 1930, the fire . . . — Map (db m138043) HM
49California (Los Angeles County), Glendora — 1 — Glendora City Hall1913
First historical landmark — Historical Society Museum, original site of 1913 city hall, jail, and fire house — Dedicated May 8, 1990. Bob Kuhn, Mayor, City of Glendora. John Gordon, President, Glendora Historical Society. Marker . . . — Map (db m137562) HM
50California (Los Angeles County), Rosemead — Albert S. Rowland(1855–1891) — Savannah Memorial Park —
Youngest son of John Rowland for whom Rowland Heights is named. His brother, William R. Rowland, was the youngest Sheriff of Los Angeles County at age of 25 (1872-75 and 1880-82). William Rowland was responsible for the capture of the bandit . . . — Map (db m152163) HM
51California (Los Angeles County), Rosemead — Archie N. Wiggins(1863–1927) — Savannah Memorial Park —
The son of Thomas J. Wiggins, he was born in El Monte, and was one of the few American children to attend Old Mission School. He was known as the “Watermelon King” due to his success in raising watermelons in large quantities. He was an . . . — Map (db m154045) HM
52California (Mono County), Lee Vining — Sheriff James P. Dolan
In July of 1915, the peace and quiet of Mono County was shattered when Sheriff James P. Dolan died as a result of gunshot wounds received while attempting to apprehend two outlaws who had terrorized ranchers a short distance from this location. . . . — Map (db m11416) HM
53California (Orange County), Mission Viejo — Sergeant Matt Davis Park
This park is dedicated in loving memory to Sergeant Matthew Ray Davis. A son, husband, father and hero to those he served in this community. He unselfishly gave his all to help those in need and was a dear friend to all who had the privilege of . . . — Map (db m148344) HM
54California (Orange County), Modjeska Canyon — 225 — The Legend of Flores PeakA Notorious Outlaw's Bold Escape
The peak before you is named for the outlaw Juan Flores. Flores led a gang of bandits that terrorized this area in the late 1850's. In January 1857, the gang murdered a shopkeeper in San Juan Capistrano. While in pursuit of the gang, LA County . . . — Map (db m148311) HM
55California (Orange County), Tustin — Hanging Tree
Under this tree General Andres Pico hung two banditos of the Flores Gang in 1857. — Map (db m155232) HM
56California (Placer County), Tahoe City — Tahoe City's Constables
In 1901 Tahoe City needed a constable. There was an influx of workers and summer visitors expected with the completion of a 15-mile railroad line from Truckee and the opening of the 400-room hotel, The Tahoe Tavern. Robert Montgomery Watson, an . . . — Map (db m55503) HM
57California (Riverside County), Palm Springs — HSPB-9 — Lykken’s Department Store
Desert pioneer, Carl Lykken, built the first general store in the village in 1914. For many years it contained the only telephone and the post office. The store was remodeled with the existing overhang and arches when sidewalks were installed in the . . . — Map (db m52734) HM
58California (Sacramento County), Sacramento — Joseph H. McKinney
First Sheriff of Sacramento County Killed during a Squatters Riot in Brighton Township August 15, 1850 Age Early 20’s — Map (db m18869) HM
59California (Sacramento County), Sacramento — The California Peace Officers MemorialIn Tribute
Since statehood, the people of California have sought and cherished a quality of life unsurpassed in this great nation. There have been among us those who chose to serve as peace officers and when called upon unselfishly gave more than we have the . . . — Map (db m14814) HM
60California (Sacramento County), Sacramento — The Squatters Riot
In the street, at the corner of Fourth and J, on Aug. 14, 1850, settlers were confronted by the Mayor and the Sheriff. The fatalities that day and the next ended THE SQUATTERS RIOTS [Column 1] Hardin Bigelow, Mayor J. W. . . . — Map (db m14806) HM
61California (San Bernardino County), Earp — 82 — Wyatt Earp
Wyatt Earp was born in Illinois March 19, 1848. In 1864 he came west with his family, settling near San Bernardino. He later served as lawman in Wichita and Dodge City, then came to Tombstone in 1879. After the gunfight at the O.K. Corral in 1881, . . . — Map (db m78569) HM
62California (San Bernardino County), Twentynine Palms — Worth Bagley StoneWorth Bagley Bit the Dust — A Marker for a Missing Marker —
What is it? William F. Keys carved and erected the stone to mark the site of a deadly shoot-out. After the May 11, 1943 gunfight, described by Keys as an ambush, Worth Bagley lay dead and the dispute between the two over access to water was . . . — Map (db m150910) HM
63California (San Bernardino County), Vidal — 108 — Earp CottageVidal, California
Wyatt Berry Stapp Earp 1848 – 1929 Josephine Sarah Marcus Earp 1861 – 1944 Earp Cottage Vidal, California The legendary lawman, gun-fighter, gambler, businessman and miner along with his wife, Josephine, inhabited . . . — Map (db m78548) HM
64California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — Officer Jane Warner
Jane Warner spent two decades keeping the peace in the city's Castro, Noe Valley and Mission neighborhoods as a San Francisco Patrol Special Police Officer. To her many friends, she was simply known as "Officer Jane". She was dedicated not only . . . — Map (db m64229) HM
65California (San Joaquin County), Clements — David S. Terry
"David S. Terry sold Charles Clements the ranch in 1871 where Clements now stands. Terry, Texas Ranger, 49er, California Supreme Court Justice and Confederate General became in 1888 husband and attorney for Sarah Hill, "The Rose of Sharon". In a . . . — Map (db m151211) HM
66California (San Mateo County), Colma — Joe Cavalli – Historical Site
Historical Site 1883 – 1924 Adjacent to this site stood “Cavalli’s Blacksmith Shop” which served the truck farmers in the area. Joe Cavalli 1883 – 1946 Joe was the first and last sheriff of Lawndale (1924 . . . — Map (db m29134) HM
67California (San Mateo County), Pacifica — Mori's Point InnA Rollicking Past — Golden Gate National Recreation Area —
In the late 1800s, Stefano Mori and his family arrived from Italy and farmed this land, grazing cattle and horses. They built a rambling 21-room farmhouse. This building became Mori's Point Inn, a haven for travelers, bootleggers and diners. Mori's . . . — Map (db m155296) HM
68California (Santa Clara County), Mountain View — Blue and Gold Kennel Club
This eighteen room farmhouse was built by Nicholas Kristmas in 1924. By 1928, it had entered into an era of local infamy during which it was known alternatively by the names Blue and Gold Kennel Club, Whitehall Distillery, and Burton's Gold Medal . . . — Map (db m150657) HM
69California (Santa Clara County), Santa Clara — Captain Harry Love
Here lies Captain Harry Love, who with a troop of twenty others, on July 25, 1853 allegedly killed bandits Joaquin Murrieta and Three Fingered Jack near Arroyo de Cantua, Fresno County, California. Born in Vermont, Love first visited Alta . . . — Map (db m24122) HM
70California (Santa Cruz County), Santa Cruz — Francisco Alzina House
1850 Home of Francisco Alzina, Santa Cruz’ first sheriff under state government — Map (db m62502) HM
71California (Sonoma County), Sonoma — 667 — Nash-Patton Adobe
This house was built by H.A. Green in 1847. Here John H. Nash was taken prisoner by Lieut. William T. Sherman in July 1847 for refusing to relinquish his post as Alcalde to Lilburn W. Boggs. It was restored in 1931 by Zolita Bates, Great . . . — Map (db m15261) HM
72California (Stanislaus County), Modesto — Andrew McGinnes
. . . — Map (db m19459) HM
73California (Trinity County), Trinity Village — Charles Wm. Carpenter1888 - 1928
Deputy Sheriff Charles Wm. "Bud" Carpenter was a life long resident of Trinity County. He was killed in the line of duty while attempting to capture three suspects fleeing from a robbery of the store and post office in Willow Creek. In his . . . — Map (db m32632) HM
74California (Tulare County), Pixley — Pixley Train Robbery
In the evening of Friday February 22, 1889, two men wearing masks boarded the engine of Train No. 17 as it pulled away from Pixley Station. At gun point they ordered engineer Peter Bolenger and fireman C.G. Elder to stop the train two miles south . . . — Map (db m141756) HM
75California (Tulare County), Porterville — Porterville's Badman
Jim McKinney, Porterville's "Jekyll and Hyde,” a soft- spoken man was liked by many, but when drunk was dangerous, always armed and looking for trouble. On the night of July 27, 1902, on a drunken rampage he went totally bad and shot up . . . — Map (db m141829) HM
76California (Tulare County), Visalia — The Hanging of J.G. McCrory
On Christmas Eve 1872 James G. McCrory, who had murdered before in Visalia and in Arizona, was drunk and disorderly at the El Dorado Saloon on Main Street in Visalia. When one of the owners, Charles Allen, tried to quiet him he shot Allen three . . . — Map (db m141814) HM
77California (Tuolumne County), Sonora — 6007 — Rother's Corner
The corner property was originally called Patrick’s Corner, after George Washington Patrick, an early settler of Sonora and one of its first mayors. At the outbreak of the Civil War in 1861, Patrick left Sonora to volunteer his services to the . . . — Map (db m6968) HM
78California (Ventura County), Ojai — 12 — Ojai City Jail
The county built this jail in 1929. It housed over 650 inmates during its 50 years of use. — Map (db m119678) HM
79California (Ventura County), Ventura — 847 — Old County Court House
This imposing building was designed by Albert C. Martin and built in 1912 as the Ventura County Court House. It is an outstanding example of neo-classic architecture, considered the proper style for public buildings of the early 20th century. The . . . — Map (db m154494) HM
80Colorado (Arapahoe County), Littleton — Alfred G. Packer
Alfred Packer was born on January 21, 1842, in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania. He served in the Union Army during the Civil War and was discharged in June 1863 for epilepsy. Packer to the Rockies and worked for the mines for 9 years. In November . . . — Map (db m141404) HM
81Colorado (Conejos County), Sanford — 43 — Pike's Stockade
Near here, on the banks of the Conejos River, Zebulon M. Pike built a log stockade in early February, 1807, and for the first time raised an American flag over what is now Colorado. Pike's trek of 1806-07 was the second official United States . . . — Map (db m22701) HM
82Colorado (Denver County), Denver — 1w — Mint Robbery February 1864Wall Street of the Rockies — Seventeenth Street Denver, Colorado —
The first man to rob the Denver Mint was “Small Bad Jim” – James Clark. The gold bars were so heavy that he began dropping them only one mile away in what is now Cheesman Park. Six days later, the desperado was captured 25 miles . . . — Map (db m100808) HM
83Colorado (Fremont County), Canon City — Colorado Territorial Prison"Old Max"
The Colorado State Penitentiary, "Old Max," opened in 1871 as part of the federal prison system when Colorado was still a territory. It was built by convicts using stone quarried and cut on-site. In 1876 when Colorado achieved statehood, " Old Max" . . . — Map (db m141395) HM
84Colorado (Fremont County), Penrose — Corrections Capital
When Colorado Territorial Prison opened in June 1871 just west of Cañon City, it drew a mixed reception from law-abiding locals — some daunted by the possibility of felons on the loose, others eager for the jobs and services that came with the . . . — Map (db m152997) HM
85Connecticut (New Haven County), New Haven — “Make Us Free”Amistad Memorial
[ south side ] “Make Us Free” This monument is a memorial to the 1839 Amistad Revolt and its leader, Sengbe Pieh, also known as Joseph Cinque. Sengbe Pieh was one of the millions of Africans kidnapped from their homes and . . . — Map (db m48428) HM
86Connecticut (Tolland County), Columbia — Trooper Russell A. Bagshaw
. . . — Map (db m140572) HM
87Delaware (Kent County), Willow Grove — KC-118 — Samuel D. Burris
Samuel D. Burris, a free African-American conductor on the Underground Railroad resided in the Willow Grove area during the 1840s. He helped enslaved people find their pathway to freedom in Philadelphia. Caught for aiding and abetting runaway slaves . . . — Map (db m142503) HM
88Delaware (New Castle County), Arundel — NC-209 — Former Site of the Delcastle Prison FarmFormer Site of the Delcastle Prison Farm
Farmland along McKennans Church Road, formerly owned by the Wells and Gregg families, was acquired by the New Castle County Workhouse at Greenbank circa 1915-16 and named Delcastle Farms. Located approximately two miles from the main prison . . . — Map (db m145624) HM
89Delaware (New Castle County), Elsmere — NC-199 — The "Annie Oakleys": First Female Prison Guards in the United States
Completed in 1901, the New Castle County Workhouse at Greenbank was named the first penal institution in the United States to employ armed female guards. Nicknamed "Annie Oakleys" for their excellent shooting ability with the machine guns and rifles . . . — Map (db m74277) HM
90Delaware (New Castle County), Wilmington — NC-88 — Thomas GarrettStationmaster on the Underground Railroad
Born August 21, 1789, in Upper Darby, Pennsylvania, Garrett came to Wilmington in 1822. A prominent merchant, his home and business were located nearby on Shipley Street. Garrett was committed to the anti-slavery efforts of his Quaker faith. He is . . . — Map (db m67356) HM
91Delaware (Sussex County), South Bethany — Key Dates and Events in the Town's History"The Best Little Beach In Delaware"
1952: Mr. & Mrs. Richard Hall purchase 130 acres and name it South Bethany 1952: Construction of the South Bethany canals begins and lasts until 1962 1959: Property owners number 500 1962: "The Perfect Storm" aka . . . — Map (db m150152) HM
92Delaware (Sussex County), South Bethany — South Bethany's Local Government Evolves Over the Years
[This marker features a series of photos with captions:] Richard Hall's field office was the home of the South Bethany Association before citizens voted for incorporation in 1969 and the town government was formed. The town hall . . . — Map (db m150156) HM
93District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — In Honor of Leslie Coffelt
White House policeman who gave his life in defense of the President of the United States here at the Blair House, November 1, 1950 "For loyalty, bravery and heroism beyond the call of duty." Presented by National Sojourners in commemoration of his . . . — Map (db m73876) HM
94District of Columbia (Washington), East Potomac Park — The Line of DutyUnited States Park Police — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
The building in front of you serves as headquarters for the United States Park Police. Created by President George Washington in 1791, the U.S. Park Police functions as a unit of the National Park Service with jurisdiction in all parks. U.S. Park . . . — Map (db m65403) HM
95District of Columbia (Washington), Federal Triangle — 14 — Equal Justice Under the LawMake No Little Plans — Federal Triangle Heritage Trail —
The roots of America's top law enforcement agency, the Department of Justice, reach back to 1789. That year the first Congress created the Office of the Attorney General to prosecute lawsuits in the Supreme Court and advise the President and the . . . — Map (db m57214) HM
96District of Columbia (Washington), Federal Triangle — 3 — G-Men and G-WomenMake No Little Plans — Federal Triangle Heritage Trail —
The Federal Bureau of Investigation is headquartered across Pennsylvania Avenue from this spot. Thanks to popular media, it may be one of the better-known government agencies. Since the 1930s Hollywood has found great stories among the "G-men" . . . — Map (db m57218) HM
97District of Columbia (Washington), Federal Triangle — 12 — Keeping It GreenMake No Little Plans — Federal Triangle Heritage Trail —
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency is the youngest agency housed here in the Federal Triangle. Established as an independent agency in 1970, EPA protects human health and the environment through science, transparency, and the rule of law. . . . — Map (db m57211) HM
98District of Columbia (Washington), Federal Triangle — 8 — Open For BusinessMake No Little Plans — Federal Triangle Heritage Trail —
Across the street the Department of Commerce's Herbert C. Hoover Building anchors the Federal Triangle, just as the department - with its mission of promoting trade, supporting economic development, and strengthening the competitiveness of . . . — Map (db m57204) HM
99District of Columbia (Washington), Federal Triangle — 13 — Our Tax DollarsMake No Little Plans — Federal Triangle Heritage Trail —
While only Congress — the people's elected representatives — can impose taxes and decide how they are spent, the Internal Revenue Service, a bureau of the U.S. Treasury, ensures those taxes are collected fairly and efficiently. The . . . — Map (db m57212) HM
100District of Columbia (Washington), Foggy Bottom — Department of State[Harry S. Truman Building] — 23rd Street Entrance —
The Department of State is the nation’s oldest and senior cabinet agency. It was established by Congress in 1789 to conduct America’s diplomatic relations. The State Department represents U.S. interests to foreign governments, promotes peace, . . . — Map (db m40248) HM

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Oct. 27, 2020