Bacon Level in Randolph County, Alabama — The American South (East South Central)
Pottery-Making Families of Randolph County / Early Pottery Shops of Randolph County
During the 1830s, pottery-making families moved directly from the Carolinas and Georgia. Most came from the Edgefield District of western South Carolina, which boasted an important pottery-making center. Well-known Edgefield potters who were in the 1840 U.S. Census for Randolph County, Alabama, included Matthew Duncan, John, Holland and Robert Leopard and James Prothro. Other prominent potters of the antebellum period were Cyrus Cogburn, Job Falkner, Cicero D. Hudson, Elijah McPherson, Greenberry Morton, Joseph Rushton, James Pinckney Shepherd, Milton J. Ussery, and Robert Ussery. During this period, enslaved African-American potters also worked in Randolph County. After the Civil War, John Barnes, John Lehman, and Zachariah T. Ussery were important potters. Many other local families became involved in pottery making including members of the Belcher, Boggs, Boyd, Brown, Foster, Gladney, Mapp, Meacham, Muldrew, Oliver, Phillips, Pittman, Pound, Swet, Spears, Taylor, Weathers, Williams and Yates families. (Continued)
Pottery-making families were among the first settlers to come to this portion of east central Alabama after the acquisition of the Creek Indian lands in 1832. The earliest of these pottery shops were located here in Bacon Level and in nearby Cedric and Hickory Flat (Chambers County). These local potters produced the stoneware storage jars, jugs, churns and other pottery essentials for life on the frontier of early nineteenth-century Alabama. Their wares were coated with alkaline glaze made from wood ashes or lime which produced a green glassy finish that made the pottery both durable and suitable for food storage. The alkaline glaze was the predominant southern stoneware glaze and was brought to Randolph County by potters who emigrated from North Carolina, Georgia and South Carolina. Potters from Randolph County who moved west with the American frontier established potteries in Elmore, DeKalb, Perry and Shelby counties in Alabama as well as in Mississippi and Texas. (Continued)
Erected 2018 by the Randolph County Historical Society.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: African Americans • Industry & Commerce • Settlements & Settlers.
Location. 33° 7.746′ N, 85° 17.476′ Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Roanoke AL 36274, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 16 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Wehadkee Yarn Mills (approx. 2.1 miles away); Pottery Shops in Rock Mills / The Potters of Rock Mills (approx. 2.2 miles away); Roanoke Doll Factory (approx. 4.9 miles away); Lebanon Christian Church (approx. 5.4 miles away); Famous Indian Path (approx. 13˝ miles away in Georgia); Benjamin Hawkins (approx. 15.1 miles away in Georgia); Heard County Jail (approx. 15.3 miles away in Georgia); Heard County (approx. 15.3 miles away in Georgia).
Also see . . .
1. The Randolph Leader news article on the placement of the marker. (Submitted on June 3, 2018, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
2. Wikipedia article on Bacon Level and its pottery industry. (Submitted on June 3, 2018, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
Credits. This page was last revised on June 3, 2018. It was originally submitted on June 2, 2018, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 224 times since then and 52 times this year. Photos: 1. submitted on June 2, 2018, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. 2, 3, 4. submitted on June 3, 2018, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.