Harrisburg in Saline County, Illinois — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Industry & Commerce • Settlements & Settlers.
Location. 37° 44.311′ N, 88° 32.405′ W. Marker is in Harrisburg, Illinois, in Saline County. Marker is at the intersection of East Poplar Street (Illinois Route 34) and Main Street, on the right when traveling west on East Poplar Street. Marker is located at the southwest corner of the Saline County Courthouse grounds, which is the northeast corner of the Poplar Street/Main Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 10 East Poplar Street, Harrisburg IL 62946, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Saline County Courthouse Clock (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Blockhouses (approx. 1½ miles away); River Pirate's Cabin (approx. 1½ miles away); Aydolette Cabin (approx. 1½ miles away); Chenault School (approx. 1½ miles away); The Pauper House (approx. 1½ miles away); The Poor House (approx. 1½ miles away); Aydolette Barn and Thrashing Floor (approx. 1½ miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Harrisburg.
Also see . . .
1. History of Harrisburg. Coal mining was one of the city’s biggest industries. In 1854, the first slope coal mine began operations southeast of the community. At first, the coal was carried by wagon to area homes and businesses and used for heating. After the Civil War, coal production became an important industry in the county. The first shaft mine was sunk in 1873 or 1874. This was followed by the creation of several more shaft mines and by an influx of settlers drawn to the area to work the mines. By 1906, the county was producing more than 500,000 tons of coal annually, with more than 1,000 miners at work. (Submitted on July 2, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
2. A Brief History of Harrisburg, Illinois. The county seat was not moved for five years after Harrisburg was laid out and building had begun. Another election was called, and those favoring Harrisburg claimed a majority of fifteen votes. The case was taken into court and remained there a long time, but the court did nothing, and finally threw it out. Some have contended that the Harrisburg supporters bought it out. At any rate, in 1859 the county seat was moved to Harrisburg, and Harrisburg was incorporated as a town in 1861. (Submitted on July 2, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
3. Harrisburg, Illinois: Industrial Origins. Between 1860 and 1865 southern cotton became unavailable during the Civil War, Harrisburg was one of the few cities in the Upland South during this time to have woolen mills, making the town an industrial asset early on to Southern Illinois. Several planing mills and flour mills also dotted the city. The Cairo and Vincennes Railroad was completed in 1872 by Ambrose Burnside, and American Civil War, Union Army, brigadier general Green Berry Raum, who was living in Harrisburg at that time. Robert King, an early proprietor, opened a brick and tile factory at the southern terminus of Main Street in 1896 with the capacity of carrying out 15,000 bricks every 10 hours. Harrisburg also saw the opening of several saw mills. (Submitted on July 2, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
Credits. This page was last revised on July 5, 2018. It was originally submitted on July 2, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 72 times since then and 15 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on July 2, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.