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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Harrisburg in Saline County, Illinois — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

Harrisburg

 
 
Harrisburg Marker image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, September 15, 2017
1. Harrisburg Marker
Inscription.  James A. Harris moved to this area in the 1820’s and established a sawmill and mule barn near the present corner of Vine and Church streets. Harris, John Cain, John Pankey and James Yandall donated land for the town site, platted in 1853. The area was known as “Crusoe’s Island” because it resembled an island during the frequent floods of the time. The first business was a grocery store built of logs, operated by James Feazel, located south of the city square on what is now Poplar Street. The county seat officially moved from Raleigh to Harrisburg in 1859.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Industry & CommerceSettlements & Settlers.
 
Location. 37° 44.311′ N, 88° 32.405′ W. Marker is in Harrisburg, Illinois, in Saline County. Marker is at the intersection of East Poplar Street (Illinois Route 34) and Main Street, on the right when traveling west on East Poplar Street. Marker is located at the southwest corner of the Saline County Courthouse grounds, which is the northeast corner of the Poplar Street/Main Street
Harrisburg Marker (<i>marker located within small plaza at corner of courthouse grounds</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, September 15, 2017
2. Harrisburg Marker (marker located within small plaza at corner of courthouse grounds)
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intersection. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 10 East Poplar Street, Harrisburg IL 62946, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Saline County Courthouse Clock (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Blockhouses (approx. 1½ miles away); River Pirate's Cabin (approx. 1½ miles away); Aydolette Cabin (approx. 1½ miles away); Chenault School (approx. 1½ miles away); The Pauper House (approx. 1½ miles away); The Poor House (approx. 1½ miles away); Aydolette Barn and Thrashing Floor (approx. 1½ miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Harrisburg.
 
Also see . . .
1. A Brief History of Harrisburg, Illinois. The county seat was not moved for five years after Harrisburg was laid out and building had begun. Another election was called, and those favoring Harrisburg claimed a majority of fifteen votes. The case was taken into court and remained there a long time, but the court did nothing, and finally threw it out. Some have contended that the Harrisburg supporters bought it out. At any rate, in 1859 the county seat was moved to Harrisburg, and Harrisburg was incorporated as a town in 1861. (Submitted on July 2, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 

2. Harrisburg, Illinois: Industrial Origins. Between 1860 and 1865 southern cotton became
Harrisburg Marker (<i>marker is located behind bench in plaza at corner of intersection</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, September 15, 2017
3. Harrisburg Marker (marker is located behind bench in plaza at corner of intersection)
unavailable during the Civil War, Harrisburg was one of the few cities in the Upland South during this time to have woolen mills, making the town an industrial asset early on to Southern Illinois. Several planing mills and flour mills also dotted the city. The Cairo and Vincennes Railroad was completed in 1872 by Ambrose Burnside, and American Civil War, Union Army, brigadier general Green Berry Raum, who was living in Harrisburg at that time. Robert King, an early proprietor, opened a brick and tile factory at the southern terminus of Main Street in 1896 with the capacity of carrying out 15,000 bricks every 10 hours. Harrisburg also saw the opening of several saw mills. (Submitted on July 2, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on November 20, 2020. It was originally submitted on July 2, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 85 times since then and 6 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on July 2, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.

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Oct. 15, 2021