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Near Jellico in Campbell County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
 

Conflict in Campbell County

War in the Mountains

 
 
Conflict in Campbell County Marker image. Click for full size.
By Tom Bosse, July 4, 2018
1. Conflict in Campbell County Marker
Inscription.  The Civil War in Campbell County was often personal. Few residents owned slaves, and a large majority – 1,094 to 60 – voted against secession in June 1861. Local men formed what became Co. A and Co. B, 1st Tennessee Infantry (US), at the courthouse in Jacksboro on August 1-2, 1861. Despite the strong Unionist sentiment, Confederate forces occupied the rugged mountain region later that year to secure several strategic gaps and to block any large Federal advance from Kentucky.

Confederate control did not last long. In March 1862, Union forces won an engagement at Jacksboro, raised the United States flag at the courthouse, and then marched north to destroy a saltpeter operation near here. The Federals noted that “the people…are truly loyal in their sentiments and hailed the advent of our troops with unbounded enthusiasm.” The expedition destroyed 1,000 pounds of saltpeter (essential to the manufacture of gunpowder), numerous kettles, 11,000 pounds of bacon, 20 sacks of flour, and a shed.

Travel through the mountains was challenging and dangerous. One night in April 1863, William Sloan carried dispatches from Kentucky

Conflict in Campbell County Marker image. Click for full size.
By Tom Bosse, July 4, 2018
2. Conflict in Campbell County Marker
to Confederates near Jacksboro. He confided to his diary, “the darkness was at times so pitchy that it gave me the sensation of passing through a tunnel, or dark underground passage; but of course there was some light else my horse could not have found his way, but such light was not discernible to my senses. Altogether it was the most dismal ride I ever took in my life, to say nothing of being uncomfortable.”
 
Erected by Tennessee Civil War Trails.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Tennessee Civil War Trails series list.
 
Location. 36° 35.079′ N, 84° 8.506′ W. Marker is near Jellico, Tennessee, in Campbell County. Marker is on Indian Mountain State Park Circle, on the left when traveling north. Marker is located in Indian Mountain State Park. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Jellico TN 37762, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 11 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Kirby Smith Invades Kentucky (approx. 0.9 miles away); Tennessee - Campbell County / Kentucky (approx. one mile away); Civil War in Tennessee (approx. 2 miles away); All Veterans Memorial (approx. 2 miles away); Roy Martis Chappell
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(approx. 10.2 miles away in Kentucky); Cumberland College (approx. 10.6 miles away in Kentucky); Clyde V. and Patricia Bennett Building (approx. 10.6 miles away in Kentucky); Roburn Hall (approx. 10.7 miles away in Kentucky). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Jellico.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on July 12, 2018. It was originally submitted on July 9, 2018, by Tom Bosse of Jefferson City, Tennessee. This page has been viewed 115 times since then and 21 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on July 9, 2018, by Tom Bosse of Jefferson City, Tennessee. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.
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Jun. 7, 2020