Gallipolis in Gallia County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
“City of the Gauls” / 1861–1865
The disillusioned French settlers left Alexandria, Va., on June 29. 1790, on their journey to the Ohio country. The new settlers were unadapted to the hardships of frontier life since many of them were noblemen, doctors, army officers, manufacturers, tradesmen, and lawyers. They continued to live in the formal French manner to which they were accustomed. Common sense and the application of their trades, however, helped them to establish, a thriving river trade in a short time. By the end of 1790 there were between 300 and 400 Frenchmen in the settlement. Today, the city of
Its location and the tides of war established Gallipolis, then a town of some 3,000, as a point of strategic military importance to the Union upon the outbreak of the conflict in 1861. It was destined during the next four years to play a role without counterpart in Ohio.
☆☆ Here through this troop concentration area passed thousands of soldiers to the great campaigns.
☆☆ Here the traditional peacetime activity of the town, long a depot of supplies for the Kanawha Valley, was turned to military purposes for maintaining armies in the field.
☆☆ Here riverside warehouses held vast military stores to be transported by steamboat.
☆☆ Here newly-mustered troops set up Camp Carrington in a wheat field on the upper side of town.
☆☆ Here the women of Gallipolis helped minister to thousands of wounded and sick in an army hospital.
Erected by The Ohio Historical Markers Committee. (Marker Number 1-27.)
Marker series. This marker is included in the Ohio Historical Society / The Ohio History Connection marker series.
Location. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Gallipolis OH 45631, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Yellow Fever Victims (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); 1790 - Gallipolis - 1940 (about 400 feet away); The Landing of the Welsh in Gallipolis (about 400 feet away); Gallia County, Gallipolis and the Ohio River (about 400 feet away); Our House (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Dunmore War 1774 (approx. ¼ mile away); Charles E. Holzer, Sr., M.D. (approx. 0.3 miles away); African Methodist Episcopal Church (approx. 0.7 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Gallipolis.
Also see . . . Wikipedia entry. “‘The French 500’ were a group of French aristocrats and merchants who were fleeing the French Revolution. They were led by Count Jean-Joseph de Barth, an Alsatian member of the French National Assembly.” ... “At that time Gallipolis was pure wilderness and the French, primarily artisans and craftsmen, were totally unprepared for what they would find: 100 cabins in what is now the City Park with lookouts on each corner. ” (Submitted on September 5, 2018.)
Categories. • Settlements & Settlers •
More. Search the internet for Gallipolis.
Credits. This page was last revised on September 5, 2018. This page originally submitted on September 5, 2018, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio. This page has been viewed 91 times since then and 8 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on September 5, 2018, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio.