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Missoula in Missoula County, Montana — The American West (Mountains)
 

Fort Missoula Post Headquarters

 
 
Fort Missoula Post Headquarters Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Barry Swackhamer, May 10, 2018
1. Fort Missoula Post Headquarters Marker
Captions: (top left) "Post Headquarters (T-1)," 1941; (sidebar, bottom right) "Post Exchange," 1929.
Inscription.  Fort Missoula's first chapel was completed in 1885. During the late 1930s, the Works Progress Administration allocated funds to renovate the deteriorating building in order to create a new post headquarters with an upstairs courtroom. A concrete foundation was poured adjacent to the chapel which was then hoisted up and moved to this new location. The current building, as you see it today, was built around the chapel structure. Some of the original chapel walls and windows were found during the restoration of the building in 2009.
Following the bombing at Pearl Harbor, over 1,000 Japanese Issei, first generation non-American citizen immigrants, were taken from their homes by the FBI and brought to Fort Missoula. The US Department of Justice took charge in detaining and questioning these "enemy aliens". The Alien Enemy Hearing Boards operated under the assumption of guilt. Each Japanese detainee was required to prove his loyalty to the United States without legal representation or information about his alleged crimes. The Alien Enemy Hearing Board determined the future of these men. Each detainee could be recommended for parole, release,
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deportation, further investigation, or continued internment at one of the US Army detention camps. Though the hearing boards did not uncover any cases of espionage or sabotage, the vast majority of Issei men remained incarcerated in camps for the duration of the war. Issei men would not be allowed to seek US Citizenship until 1952.
At Fort Missoula, these hearings took place in the second-floor courtroom of this T-1 building. Since purchasing the building in 2009, the Museum has renovated the courtroom where these hearings took place, Further plans call for the continued use, preservation, and interpretation of the buildings history.

(sidebar on right:)
Located behind building T-1, the Colonial Revival style Building T-2 was constructed as a Post Exchange (PX) in 1906. Soldiers could purchase food, beer, wine, jewelry, and other personal items and gifts at the PX. The building also included a gymnasium where movie nights were held.
Today, the building is owned by the Northern Rockies Heritage Center and is leased for office space and use for weddings and community events.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Asian AmericansForts and CastlesWar, World II.
 
Location. 46° 50.526′ N, 114° 3.54′ W. Marker is
Fort Missoula Post Headquarters and Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Barry Swackhamer, May 10, 2018
2. Fort Missoula Post Headquarters and Marker
in Missoula, Montana, in Missoula County. Marker is on C Road (Fort Missoula Road near D Road (Moe Place). Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 10 Fort Missoula Road, Missoula MT 59804, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. T-1 Post Headquarters (a few steps from this marker); Post Headquarters (within shouting distance of this marker); Fort Missoula Post Headquarters (T-2) Building (within shouting distance of this marker); Parade Grounds (within shouting distance of this marker); 1877 Fort Missoula Officers' Club (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Fort Missoula Barrack Building (about 300 feet away); Fort Missoula Alien Detention Camp (about 400 feet away); a different marker also named Fort Missoula Alien Detention Camp (about 400 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Missoula.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on September 15, 2018. It was originally submitted on September 15, 2018, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California. This page has been viewed 155 times since then and 26 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on September 15, 2018, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California.

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May. 27, 2024