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Fort Pierre in Stanley County, South Dakota — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
 

The Fort Pierre Plain

 
 
The Fort Pierre Plain Marker image. Click for full size.
By Ruth VanSteenwyk, September 27, 2018
1. The Fort Pierre Plain Marker
Inscription.  

Joseph LaFramboise built Fort LaFramboise out of driftwood in 1817 near the mouth of the Bad River. This area is the oldest continually occupied Euro-American settlement in South Dakota. There were several fur outposts on this river plain up until the 1860s.

Fort Pierre Chouteau was AFC's main depot on the Upper Missouri. Along with Fort Union in North Dakota, it supplied a system of smaller posts and trading area throughout the Dakota. In 1855, Fort Pierre Chouteau was sold to the United States Army. It was abandoned in 1857.

In 1822 the Columbia Fur Company established Fort Tecumseh upstream near the landing of the west side of the highway bridge. Joseph moved his operation to Moody County near Flandreau that same year. LaFramboise Island is named for him. In 1827, the American Fur Company (AFC) acquired the Columbia Fur Company and renamed it the Upper Missouri Outfit.

Fort Tecumseh was too close to the river and in danger of eroding. The AFC abandoned the fort and constructed Fort Pierre Chouteau several hundred yards to the northwest in 1832.

Sponsored by the South Dakota State Historical
The Fort Pierre Plain Marker image. Click for full size.
By Ruth VanSteenwyk, September 27, 2018
2. The Fort Pierre Plain Marker
Click or scan to see
this page online
Society, a Preserve America grant, and the Dakota, Minnesota and Eastern Railroad Corporation. Images courtesy of the South Dakota State Historical Society and The Library of Congress.

The Fort Pierre Plain, surrounded by rolling prairie and lined with a row of trees along the river, was an ideal location for settlement.

Ft. Primeau (1860's)
Ft. LaFramboise II (1862-1863)
Ft. Pierre II (1859-1863)
Ft Galpin (1857-?)
Ft. Teton II (1828-1830)
Ft. Pierre Chouteau (1832-1855)
Ft. Tecumsea (1822-1831)
Sublette & Campbell Post (1833-1834)
Ft. LaFramboise I (A.K.A. FT. Teton) (1817-1822)


Items such as this lock (upper left), millstone (left), and clay pipe (lower left) were used at Fort Pierre Chouteau.

(picture captions

Pierre Chouteau Jr.'s fur trading license from 1839 (Library of Congress)


 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: Settlements & Settlers. A significant historical year for this entry is 1817.
 
Location. 44° 21.172′ N, 100° 22.144′ W. Marker is in Fort Pierre, South Dakota, in Stanley County. Located in Fischers Lilly Park off Ash Street. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Fort Pierre SD 57532, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Lewis and Clark Expedition (within shouting distance of this marker); Lewis and Clark First Sioux Nation Meeting
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(within shouting distance of this marker); Lewis and Clark Encounter Teton Sioux (within shouting distance of this marker); Stockgrowers Bank (about 800 feet away, measured in a direct line); Verendrye Explorers (approx. half a mile away); The Verendrye Site (approx. half a mile away); Translation of the Verendrye Plate (approx. half a mile away); Verendrye Tablet Site (approx. half a mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Fort Pierre.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on October 3, 2018. It was originally submitted on October 2, 2018, by Ruth VanSteenwyk of Aberdeen, South Dakota. This page has been viewed 76 times since then and 5 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on October 2, 2018, by Ruth VanSteenwyk of Aberdeen, South Dakota. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.

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Jun. 15, 2021